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Family Relations

Family Definition
• n. a group of individuals
living under one roof and
usually under one head
or household (Meriam –
Webster Dictionary
2012)
• n. A social group of two
or more people, related
by blood, marriage, or
adoption who usually
live together.

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Types of the Family
• Nuclear / Conjugal
Family
• Extended Family
• Single – Parent
Family
• Blended Family
• Adoptive / Foster
Family

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Types of the Family
• Nuclear (Conjugal) Family – is consists
of a two of adults (mother and father )and
their child /children.
• Extended Family – is consists of a
father, mother with their child / children
living together with their grandparents,
aunts, uncles, and cousins nearby or in
the same household.

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Types of the Family
• Single – Parent Family – is consists of
only the mother or the father and one or
more dependent children .
• Blended Family - is consists of a couple
and their children from this and all
previous relationships.
• Adoptive / Foster Family – a family
consists of a couple who adopts a child /
children as their own child / children.

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Functions of the Family
1. Regulation of sexual activity
2.Reproduction
3.Socialization of child/
children
4.Social placement
5.Care of the sick and elderly.
6.Protective function
7.Economic production

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Parenting
• n. It is the process of
promoting and
supporting the physical,
emotional, social, and
intellectual
development of a child
from infancy to
adulthood.
(www.wikipedia.com)

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Factors influencing parenting
relationship
• Age
• Culture and Religion
• Education
• Gender
• Previous Experiences/Own
upbringing
• Socioeconomic Status
• Media
• Nature of Relationship

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Parenting Styles
• Authoritative/
Democratic Parenting
• Authoritarian Parenting
• Permissive / Indulgent
Parenting
• Neglectful / Uninvolved
Parenting

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Authoritative/ Democratic Parenting
Authoritative parents rely
on positive reinforcement
and infrequent use of
punishment. Parents are
more aware of a child's
feelings and capabilities
and support the
development of a child's
autonomy within
reasonable limits.

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Authoritarian Parenting
Authoritarian parents are very
rigid and strict. They place
high demands on the child,
but are not responsive to
the child. Parents who
practice authoritarian style
parenting have a rigid set
of rules and expectations
that are strictly enforced
and require rigid
obedience.

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Permissive Parenting
In these family settings, a
child's freedom and
autonomy are highly valued,
and parents tend to rely
mostly on reasoning and
explanation. Parents are
undemanding, so there
tends to be little, if any
punishment or explicit rules
in this style of parenting.

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Neglectful Parenting
An neglectful parenting style is
when parents are often
emotionally absent and
sometimes even physically
absent. They have little or no
expectation of the child and
regularly have no communication.
They are not responsive to a
child's needs and do not demand
anything of them in their
behavioral expectations.

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Parenting
There is no single or definitive model of
parenting. With authoritarian and permissive
parenting on opposite sides of the spectrum,
most conventional and modern models of
parenting fall somewhere in between. Parenting
strategies as well as behaviors and ideals of
what parents expect, whether communicated
verbally and/or non-verbally, also play a
significant role in a child's development.

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“The love of family and the
admiration of friends is much
more important than wealth
and privilege.”
Charles Kuralt
CBS, American Journalist

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