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CHAPTER 13

Malaysia’s Policy on
Regional and World Affairs
Malaysia and
Regional Relations
ASEAN
• Was established on 8 August 1967
• The six member countries of ASEAN, Indonesia, Singapore, the
Philippines, Brunei, Thailand and Malaysia were joined by Cambodia in
1999 as the seventh member and later by Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam,
making a total of ten members.
• ASEAN was set up to build up the strength of regional unity which
before that failed to achieve unanimous agreement from all the
members.
• ASEAN became the channel for improving the quality of security and
development of member countries through various program including
APEC and EAEC.
Objective Programme Strategies
Speed up economic • Political cooperation on • Regional cooperation
growth, social and boundaries elimination of • Shared boundaries
cultural progress nurture smuggling activities and • Consultation and joint
and protect regional communist threat patrol
peace and stability • Kuala Lumpur Declaration- • South East Asia as a zone
founded on justice and 27 November, 1971 of peace, neutrality, and
the laws based on the • ZOPFAN freedom from foreign
Charter of the United • Conference of Heads Of interference and on good
Nations. ASEAN countries- 1976 in terms with the Western
Bali, 1977 in Kuala Lumpur. and Communist blocs
• Agreement of • Supply and purchase of
Cooperation basic commodities
• Agreement of Friendship • Freedom from nuclear
• International Conference arms or south east Asia
On Drug Abuse and Heroin nuclear free zone
Trafficking (SAENFZ).
• Asia-pacific economic • Increase in industry,
Cooperation(APEC) infrastructure, tourism,
• ASEAN Economic agriculture,
Ministers telecommunications and
Conference(EAEC) energy.
Commonwealth Organisation
Objective Programme Strategy
• To provide facilities and • Cooperation in trade, • Conferences among ministers
benefit to member research and economic and of different portfolios, members
countries social aid of parliament and speakers of
• To have diplomatic • Commonwealth Speaker- parliament
relations between Speaker Conference - 1987 • Colombo Plan was
member and non-member • Conference of Heads of implemented to:
countries Commonwealth States – - supply training and research
1989, Kuala Lumpur experts
• Colombo Plan - prepare places of training in
• Commonwealth Scholarship universities for those that need
and Fellowship Plan them
• Commonwealth Fund - prepare equipment for research
• Technical cooperation and help
• Issue of Antarctica as - finance physical development
“Common World Heritage” projects
- aid in health, agriculture and
marketing
- opposition against “apartheid”
- make Antarctica an agenda for
the United Nations Organisation
South-south cooperation
Objective Programme Strategy
• To have effective • Dialogue to from a New • Handing divers problems including
cooperation among International Economic the rate of imbalance in terms of
the countries of the Order trade, problem of national loans,
south to face the • Commission Fund trade policies encountered, high
present economic • Group of 15 (G-15) and rates of interest, the problem of
system Malaysia as pioneer in trade imbalance resulting in
• To restructure the programmes for investment constant deficit and the uncertainty
economy involving all data exchange, and south2 in the rate of foreign currency
the countries of the trade and technology exchange
world • Meeting of Expert Groups • Exchange of information between
• The determine the • Bilateral Payments government, organizations,
mandate and objective Arrangement to encourage corporate sectors and individual
of the south trade among South-South • Increase banking relations
commission countries • Joint projects in Danang, Vietnam,
• Malaysian technical Cambodia, Uzbekistan and Namibia
cooperation in the • Offer scholarships to enhance
Myanmar, Argentina, Bosnia, educations performance particularly
Laos, Vietnam, Peru, Chile in engineering, agriculture, law,
• Study tours, sending of economic planning and
experts, implementation of development administration
socio-economic
development and supplies
Organisation of Islamic Countries (OIC)
Objective Programme Strategy
• Forge closer unity and • Islamic Unity Fund set up • Financing education, welfare,
cooperation among after the Islamic Summit publication and sports.
member countries Conference (1974). • Financing construction of buildings,
economically, socially, • Studies of the History of supply reading materials and
culturally, and in the Islamic Civilization and the education tools and establishing
field of science. Arabic language. fellowship.
• Firm up cooperative • International Islamic • Help to Islamic countries facing
efforts to protect University of Malaya. hardship including Chad, Gambia,
honour, • Islamic University of Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria,
independence and Nigeria. Senegal, and Upper Volta.
national rights. • International seminar or • Cooperation in preparing and
• Solve problems of symposium: sending doctors and voluntary medical
dispute involving - Application of Islamic workers.
Islamic nations. Syariah (Islamabad-1979), • Focus on spiritual and welfare
• Eliminate any Islam and Social Policies in development specifically Islamic
oppression and the Context of the New youths at the international level.
colonialism to bring International Economic • Support Islamic Development Bank
about universal peace. Order (Geneva-1980), activities (IDB) and set up IDB in
Islam and Jerusalem (Paris- Malaysia in 1995.
1981), World Islamic • Unite to support the struggle of the
Congress (Colombo-1982). Palestinian people.
Fighting Drug Abuse Internationally
Objective Programme Strategy
• Create peace and • Strict international • Mandatory death
security from drug abuse legislation sentence on locals, and
activities. • International Conference foreigners
• Destroy all negative on Drug and Illegal • Cooperation of the UN
(drug abuse) activities Trafficking in Vienna, to fight drugs at the
Austria – 1987 international level.
• United Nations Fund for • Overcome the problem
Drug Abuse Control of youths all over the
world in handling drug
abuse.
United Nations Organisation Cooperation
Objective Programme Strategy
• Create a common • General Assembly • Conference of member countries
peace with member • Security to determine representations to solve problems up
countries and decide on security of dispute involving member countries
• Improve the quality of issues through the • Solve any work issue are
life of member countries power to veto disagreement
• Protect and improve • United Nations • Arbitrate in any international dispute
the people’s standard of Economic and Social • Organize United Nations
health in member • Council to improve the programmes through agencies
countries quality of life including the World Health
• Help backward • Emergency aid to war Organization (WHO), United Nations
countries in the areas of victims, in particular, hide Commission for Refugees
diet and formal and children (UNHCR), United Nations
informal education • International Red Cross Development Programme (UNDP) and
Organisation United Nations Children’s Fund
(UNISEF) Refugee camp as
settlements for refugees, set up to
shelter and to obtain food, clothes
and medicine
• Help Vietnamese and Cambodian
refugees and set up to temporary
settlements
United Nations Educational, and Scientific
and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO)
Objective Programme Strategy
 Develop knowledge  International seminars  Overcome the socio-
particularly science and conference economic problems of
 Have close cooperation  Publication of courier member nations.
to eliminate illiteracy using various  Focus on development
 Improve the level of languages. in Africa.
cooperation in  Financial aid
education and culture amounting to US $49.8
to create world unity million from United
and welfare. States to UNESCO
between 1981-1983.