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Management of Planted Trees and

Species in focus: Gmelina

Prepared for:

SFI 200
by Arvin P. Vallesteros, Professor, NVSU-CF
• Gmelina is the most widely
planted tree in Nueva Vizcaya and
neighboring provinces constituting
more than 97% of log production
in Region 2 (PFS, 2013)
• In the province, gmelina is clearly
the mainstay of the wood industry
replacing dipterocarps and other
traditional commercial timber.
• However, yield is low due to poor
or absence of tree management.
• Potential for tree
improvement is great with
effort coming from the tree
owners themselves and
supported by scientific
approach in tree
Class activity
• Participate in discussion and brain storming.
• Think of questions pertaining to silvicultural
• Think of questions you feel farmers, tree growers,
plantation care takers and owners would ask to a
forester regarding tree and plantation management.
• Think of things that need to be observed in the field.
• Answer the questions here and the ones you added.
• Use the Notes Pane.
• Write down cited articles and references.
Relatively high
yield, but
discrepancy in
tree size is
1. Are the trees
planted at the same
time or some
individuals got
2. Is thinning
3. Does this condition
promote selective
4. _
5. _
1. Are the trees planted at
the same time?
2. How can we reduce wide
differences in size
3. _
4. _
Boles mostly straight
and long
1. What is the original
2. After loosening the
removal, would the
remaining trees gain
substantial diameter
3. Should we give premium
to height growth in
4. _
5. _
Leaning stem supporting
several erect and straight
1. Do these branches grow into
merchantable size, e.g., 20 cm
dbh or more?
2. How could silvicultural treatment
encourage enlargement of main
stem so that it can support
growth of the vertically oriented
3. _
4. _
5. _
Aging the timber
beyond usual age
1. Volume wise, does volume loss
due to center rot in the main
stem offset by wood volume
from branches?
2. What measurement
techniques must be used to
attain accurate wood volume
3. _
4. _
5. _
Standing tree
volume estimate
exceeded by actual E


Example (tree in the photo): G

• Tree inventory estimate F

= 1.36 cu.m (DBH = 80
cm; MH = 3 m)
• When upright branches A

were included = 2.86 cu.
Large, yet center rot
not yet formed
1. At what age does the tree
become susceptible to butt
rot or center rot?
2. Discuss common local
knowledge on susceptibility
of gmelina to said diseases.
3. _
4. _
Bole that converts
well to lumber
1. What site condition
promote high quality boles?
2. If tree growers prefer this
form, what practices are
done in order to produce
desired timber form?
3. _
4. _
5. _
Many farmers
prefer to
through coppice,
technique that
they just learn by
Coppice: largest
stem has been
harvested and
now sprouting
while 2 other old
sprouts are
slowly growing
1. Do tree growers prefer
coppice for regenerating
their trees or plantations?
2. Stems tend to lean. Do they
tend to bend too?
3. What silvicultural practices
must be done?
4. _
5. _
Coppice vs. Seed
1. Which one is associated to
rounded bole?
2. If only one sprout is grown
to tree, would its bole tend
to be rounded?
3. Rotten wood tissue is
evident in the stump
(lower). What do you think
is/are the cause/s?
4. _
5. _
Bad bole form
1. Should you wish to thin
the plantation, which
individuals should be
2. What cause the bole to
bend gradually (sweep)
or abruptly (crooked)?
3. _
4. _
5. _