Astronomy log # 1

By Stephen Soljacich

The study showed that there is 40 craters. This discovery was made by N.A.S. This finding has long ranging implications. Scientists estimate at least 600 million tons of ice could be entombed in these craters. . ( ).A when they purposely crashed satellites into the lunar surface in order to view the debris and determine if there was ice in some of the craters on the moon. with pockets of ice. And a new study suggests that there is at least 100 times that amount underneath the moons surface.Water on the moon ‡ As of this year large amounts of ice have been found on the moon. ranging in size from 1 to 9 miles across.

S.A has on their website which states their goal of heading to mars after a moon base is set up. told the BBC. It's possible using the resources we find there. a presence is possible there because we can convert the water into rocket fuel drinkable water and for plant. Some countries are in fact planning a moon base. Paul Spudis. This would be possible because the base would act as a refueling station for the spacecrafts. After a lunar base is established we could have farther reaching manned expeditions. with the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston.A. . according to Dr. and even into oxygen. In fact N.Beyond the Moon ‡ This is huge news. In fact Chinese and Americans both have plans to set up a moon base. Now we can say with a fair degree of confidence that a sustainable human presence on the Moon is possible.

There would be many economic gains if we would set up a base and start mining the huge amounts of different metals such as iron and lunar helium (the helium would be used for nuclear fusion power plants) one of the biggest supporters for the mining operations for china is a man by the name of Ouyang Ziyuan an expert on geological research on underground nuclear testing and non earth materials. political scientific and population gains. The US also has similar economic aims but are not currently in effect .Moon ambitions ‡ Both the US and china have ambitions for setting up a moon base. There are many reasons why nations would want to set up a moon base. For example there are economic.

This would happen because it would require the effort of many different countries to complete and maintain . the Persians brought together Sparta and Athens.Political gains ‡ Through out history recent and ancient common goals or threats have brought countries together for example the Germans in WWI and WWII brought together the allies. In recent times the International space station has brought many countries together with combine efforts towards a common goal. An international space station would do the same thing to a greater extent of previous ambitions.

political scientific and population gains. The US also has similar economic aims but are not currently in effect .Economic gains ‡ . For example there are economic. There are many reasons why nations would want to set up a moon base. There would be many economic gains if we would set up a base and start mining the huge amounts of different metals such as iron and lunar helium (the helium would be used for nuclear fusion power plants) one of the biggest supporters for the mining operations for china is a man by the name of Ouyang Ziyuan an expert on geological research on underground nucelar testing and non earth materials.

These programs have created a lot of technology and information imagine what a base on the moon can discover. We gained a unheard amount of information from these missions such as the high resolution photos taken from earth which spun off the satellite photos and studies of weather from space of today. If you are looking for evidence look no further then the Apollo and Gemini missions. . covering many different aspects of science.Scientific gains ‡ There would be scientific gains from a moon base.

For this reason alone I believe there will be a Moon colony in a relatively short period of time. It would not only would collect valuable information about the solar system but it would lead the way to many different things such as establishing a human presence there and paving the way for further exploration of our solar system and the universe. . Exploration of the moon is very important.Expansion of the human race ‡ It has been portrayed in many science fiction movies books and art a log term colony on an extraterrestrial planet. I believe The expansion of our culture and people is a quintessential part of human nature. Americans in particular would appeal to this idea of a manifest destiny and new hope. Not to mention for filling to us. To expand our domain to an extraterrestrial object would be huge.

Mining on the moon ‡ Mining on the moon could be vary profitable and cost effective. Also everything is lighter on the moon so mining would be easier . With the discoveries of water it is possible to sustain a lasting human presence to maintain the mining operations and there would be less overhead cost of getting rid of extra materials and no environmental control.

In fact a few rovers have landed on the surface studying rocks and other things about the surface of the planet. Spirit. and phoenix and many others have landed. The last rover landing was called phoenix and it landed in area that was very sticky.Exploration of Mars ‡ Humans have launched various missions to explore mars. Scientist that studied the results of the phoenix Lander concluded that the planet had evidence of liquid water and volcanic activity. which is peculiar for a planet that is supposed to be consisted of barren desert. Some examples of rovers are Opportunity. Dozens of probes have flown by and taken photos such as the Viking program and the mariner program along with early soviet programs. . Further evidence for life.

Another building block of life is a source of energy that organisms can use. Could this planet hold the secrets to our beginnings and possibly the future of our planet? Could it hold the answer to alien life? Mars once thought to be an arid inhospitable planet has proven to be much more than that. Also there are gullies. It has been found to consist of many building blocks of life. Water one of the other foundations of life has recently been found without a reasonable doubt in the form of ice on the both of the poles of mars. The idea for geothermal energy has been reinforced with the discovery of warm water deep in South African gold mines in which there was living life excluded from the rest of earth evolution. named after the ancient roman god of war. hydrogen and oxygen. for example it contains chemical elements of life such as carbon. the fourth planet from the sun. Mars has this with both the sun and possibly geothermal energy. And scientists believe there is water in liquid form either on the surface or beneath it. . may have had flowing water. canals and riverbeds that might of at one point may have had flowing water.Building blocks of life on Mars ‡ Mars.

This asteroid supposedly had fossilized evidence of martin life. Opportunity fossils . this is not a single fossil but multiple different fossils that are nearly identical and have the same triangle marking. But this is not only the first example of Martian fossils. Also these so called fossils where found miles apart. Although there are some skeptics to this idea the evidence is quite thought provoking.More evidence of life Martian asteroid fossil ‡ More evidence of life came in the form of an asteroid that shot off Mars and collided with earth. another one is the pictures taken by the opportunity mars rover.

This indicator was the findings of methane gas cycles on the planet. These methane cycles spike during the spring and summer months and sharply decrees during the Martian winter.Methane cycles on Mars ‡ Another indicator of life was found on mars. But they do say something is creating the methane which strongly indicates life . Scientists do say that is to early to decide weather this is a result of geology or biology.

for the odds of life and intelligent life vastly incise if there was life on TWO planets in our own solar system.Impact of life ‡ If Mars proves to have life or had life it will have long reaching implications. If it is proven it will mean that we are not alone not only in are solar system but in the universe. Also if it dose support life then it could sustain a lasting human presence .

A recent study shows with the high amount of radiation that hits the planet it can cause the molecules to break apart. glycine and alanine. It has in its atmosphere high energy oxygen ions and heavy molecular ions higher in the atmosphere. thymine. When you put these things together you can have the possibility of complex molecular structures. adenine. guanine and uracil) and two amino acids. When they tested these conditions on earth they got five nucleotide bases used by life on Earth (cytosine. Scientist say that this dose not mean that there is life but they say that titan is that it is possible to make very complex molecules .Life on Titan ‡ A new study shows that titan (one of Saturn's moons) may contain the building blocks of life.

This might seem like a lot but. Opponents of this state that billionaire investors would not want to invest in such a risky operation and that anything mined on mars would cost to much to ship back for the value . selling of land on mars and with the promise of return from mining this number seems not to be such a high value. with the selling of merchandise.Privately funded mars mission ‡ The thought has been put out that a commercially funded mars mission is possible and not only probable proponents of this idea state that the trip would cost 150 billion dollars.

‡ A capsule sent out by the Japanese has returned after a tedious trek through space it shot objects at the asteroid and collected debris this debris could prove very useful in researching asteroids.Haybusa capsule contains asteroid particles. .

.Hawking radiation observed ‡ Hawking radiation in laments terms is when particles near an event horizon split and one half escapes . Although this has been observed near an event horizon it has been recently observed near black holes.

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