London, 21th September 2007

EASA Standardisation review
Francesco Banal

EASA Approvals & Standardisation Director

AEI Conference– London, 21th September 2007

1

EASA Organisation - update

AEI Conference– London, 21th September 2007

2

European Aviation Safety Agency

EASA - Previous organisation
Executive Directorate
P. Goudou
Policy Officers

Communications Safety Analysis & Research

Risk Assessment and Internal audit

Rulemaking Directorate C. Probst
Environmental Protection Products Safety Flight Standards International Cooperation

Certification Directorate N. Lohl
Programmes Products Organisations

Quality & Standardisation Directorate F. Banal
Quality Assurance Standardisation Technical Training

Administrative Directorate M. Junkkari
Finance & Procurement Personnel Legal Service ICT and Technical Services
3

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

European Aviation Safety Agency

EASA - New organisation
b 12 y /06

Deputy Director Plans & Programmes

Executive Directorate
P. Goudou

Safety Analysis & Research Legal Service & Policy Officers

Communications Risk Assessemnt, Internal auditing and Quality

Rulemaking Directorate C. Probst Environmental Protection Products Safety Flight Standards International Cooperation

Certification Directorate N. Lohl Products Experts Flight Standards

Approvals & Standardisation Directorate F. Banal Standardisation Organisations Technical Training
SAFA
b 01 y /07

Administrative Directorate M. Junkkari Finance & Procurement Personnel ICT and Technical Services

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Approvals & Standardisation Directorate
new organisation
Director S.0 January 2007

Secretariat

General Support

Standardisation S.1

Organisations S.2

Technical Training S.3

SAFA Coordination S.4

Continuing Airworthiness S.1.1 January 2007 Initial Airworthiess S.1.2 Air Operations S.1.3 Flight Crew Licensing S.1.4

Design Organisations S.2.1 Production Organisations S.2.2 Continuing Airworthiness Org. S.2.3

d
Third Countries Operators S.2.4 Third Countries FTO/TRTO S.2.4 January 2009?

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Approvals & Standardisation Directorate
recruitment Standardisation Directorate S - Approvals and
140 120 100 80
63 93 121 105

60 40 20
3 18 5 0 0 5 37 21

57

57 36 24 7 3 0 7 9 6 2 7

57

9 6 6

0

2006
S - Director S 4 - SAFA Coordination

2007
S 1 - Standardisation 3rd country/Black list

2008
S 2 - Organisations Total

2009
S 3 - Technical Training

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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New Standardisation Process

AEI Conference– London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation
 Binding by law
 Art. 16 and 45 of EC Reg. No. 1592/2002

 Working methods regulated by:
Commission Regulation (EC) No 736/2006 on the working methods of the European Aviation Safety Agency for conducting standardisation inspections
– – – – Date of issue: 16.05.2006 Published in the EC Official Journal: 17.05.2006 (OJ L 129, 17.5.2006, p.1) Date of entry into force: 01.06.2006 Deadline for its implementation: 01.08.2006
8

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation
 Mission
Monitoring, on behalf of the EU Commission, how the National Aviation Authorities apply the EU aviation safety regulations in the fields under their competence

 Methodology
Traditional system and process audits, integrated by visits to undertakings under the NAA’s oversight as “product” samples
AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007
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European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation
 Team Composition
1 Team Leader from EASA 2 or more Team Members from EASA and/or NAA

 Frequency
All competences regularly monitored at least every 24 months Ad hoc inspections, when necessary or when required by EC

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Conduct and reporting of an inspection
The overall picture of a standardisation inspection:
Preliminary meeting

Opening session

Closing session

Wrap-up meeting

FCC

On Site 10 weeks min 12 weeks max

As necessary

16 weeks max

As necessary

Preparatory phase

Visiting phase

Reporting phase

Follow-up phase

Closure Phase

Inspection Programme

Preliminary Report

Final Report

Action Plan

SofC
11

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

European Aviation Safety Agency

Conduct and reporting of an inspection
Best case
NAA

Action plan

Government EASA Visit report EU Commission Closure statement

OK!

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

12

European Aviation Safety Agency

Conduct and reporting of an inspection
Worst case
NAA

Action plan

Government EASA Visit report EU Commission Supplementary report

Infringement procedure

NOK!

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation
IS

EASA countries

the playing field 1st Jan. 2007
IR

NO

SE

FL

EE LV DK RU LT BY RU KZ

27 EU 3 EEA 1 CH 4 JAA
PT

UK NL BE LU FR LI CH DE CZ

PL UA UA SK AU SL HR BA HU RO MD GE AM RS ME
FYROM

AZ

MC ES

IT

BG TR

IR

AL

GR SY IQ 14

DZ AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007 MA

CY MT

TN

European Aviation Safety Agency

EASA standardisation scope in 2006 – EU vs. JAA

POAST

POA

EUEASA
MAST

MOA MTOA
technical licensing

MEST LIST

by 2007 all done MMOA by EASA FTO

JAA

flight crew licensing

CJAA
AOC

OPST
AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation

2006 Activity

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

POAST - Part 21 Subpart F and G
12 inspections performed vs. 12 planned
POAST 01.2006 Visit date Country 16-20 January Belgium POAST 06.2006 Visit date 5-9 June Lithuania POAST 02.2006 13-17 February Slovakia POAST 06.2006 26-30 June Finland POAST 03.2006 13–17 March Romania POAST 09.2006 4-8 September France POAST 03.2006 27-31 March Germany POAST 09.2006 25-29 September Netherlands POAST 04.2006 24-28 April UK POAST 10.2006 16-20 October Italy POAST 05.2006 15-19 May Austria POAST 11.2006 13-16 November Luxembourg

Country

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

POAST - conclusions
 The POAST activity has demonstrated that, in general, in
the visited countries a satisfactory and uniform implementation of the regulations 1592/2002 and 1702/2003 (specifically Part 21 Subpart F and G) was established.

 The POAST process confirmed the general understanding of

the applicable regulations. Some minor problem areas were communicated to rulemaking. n°1702/2003, Part 21 Subpart F and G - need to be addressed to the attention of the Commission. satisfactorily closed

 No specific issues with regard to POA - Regulation (EC)

 As of today, more than 80% of findings have been
AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007
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European Aviation Safety Agency

MAST –
MAST 01.2006 COUNTRY (Visit Date) COUNTRY (Visit Date) COUNTRY (Visit Date) COUNTRY (Visit Date) MAST 08.2006 COUNTRY (Visit Date) COUNTRY (Visit Date) COUNTRY (Visit Date) COUNTRY (Visit Date) Cyprus (7-9.08.06) Greece (23-30.1.06) Germany (66/147) (23-27.1.06)

Parts M, 145, 66 & 147, 21 H/I
MAST 03.2006 Slovakia (20-24.03.06) Denmark (20-24.03.06) Hungary (20-24.03.06) Monaco (6-9.03.06) MAST 09.2006 Ireland (18-22.09.06) Germany (M/145) (18-22.09.06) Spain (18-26.09.06) MAST 10.2006 Lithuania (9-13.10.06) Luxembourg (66/147) (9-12.10.06) Slovenia (16-20.10.06) MAST 11.2006 Malta (20-24.11.06) France (66/147) (20-24.11.06) Romania (20-24.11.06) Bulgaria (22.11-1.12.06)
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26 inspections performed vs. 24 planned
MAST 05.2006 Czech Rep. (15-19.05.06) Cyprus (22-24.5.06) Belgium (66/147) (29.5-2.6.06) MAST 06.2006 Poland (19-23.06.06) Latvia (26-30.06.06) Estonia (26-30.06.06) MAST 07.2006 UK (M/145) (10-14.07.06) Austria (10-14.07.06)

MAST 12.2006 Switzerland (4-8.12.06)

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

European Aviation Safety Agency

MAST - main findings
 The status of former Soviet Aircraft, not complying with
airworthiness requirements (Part-21, Part-M, Part-145 and to some extent Part-66), already mentioned in our 2005 report, is a pan-European issue which has not been solved yet, a part the noticeable case of Poland (art. 10.5 of reg. 1592/2002).

 Directly related to the previous point is the case of aircraft

considered as Annex II by some competent authorities and therefore excluded from the application of community rules, whilst continuing to perform commercial activity.

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

MAST - main findings
 The lack of standardisation regarding Aircraft Maintenance
Licenses (Part-66) remains an open issue: conversion of Licences is not properly achieved yet, although considerable efforts were deployed by the Agency to bring clarification (special survey, dedicated report, standardisation meetings).

 It also appeared that Part-M was not properly implemented

in all States due to the novelty of its concept. Approval was not always done on time or grandfathering from JAR-OPS Subpart M was improperly applied. More recently, it also came to light that many States were not systematically implementing a fleet monitoring programme.
21

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

European Aviation Safety Agency

MAST – findings by Parts
Total findings 2006

Gen 14%

Part 145 21%

Part M 35%

Part 147 13% Part 66 17%

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

MAST – findings by countries
Nb of Countries 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Nb of findings Legend :

* * *

* 00-09 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 ** 60-69 70-79 80-89 90-100

* Inspection covering only half the scope (either M/145 or 66/147)

Distribution of findings by countries
AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007
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European Aviation Safety Agency

MAST –

conclusions

 Uneven distribution of findings demonstrates a non-uniform
implementation of EC N˚ 2042/2003.

 As of today, more than half of the findings have been satisfactorily
closed.

 It was confirmed that certain countries do require deeper attention :

firstly, the Member States, which joined the EuropeaneUnion in 2004 s and 2007; secondly, the Member States from previous enlargements, l ca ci a pe JAA system. which had not achieved mutual recognition in s the

ar i ulg B a

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation

2007 on-going activity

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

POAST - Part 21 Subpart F and G
10 inspections performed vs. 15 planned
POAST POAST POAST POAST POAST POAST

Visit date Country

January 2007

February 2007 Slovakia

March 2007 Switzerland Germany

April 2007 Lithuania

May 2007 Poland Norway

June 2007 Finland Spain POAST December 2007 Slovenia Hungary

_

POAST Visit date Country July 2007

POAST August 2007 Sweden

POAST September 2007 Czech Republic

POAST October 2007 Denmark Portugal

POAST November 2007 Ireland

_

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

MAST –
MAST 01.2007

Parts M, 145, 66 & 147, 21 H/I

16 inspections performed vs. 25 planned
MAST 02.2007 MAST 03.2007 MAST 04.2007 MAST 05.2007 MAST 06.2007

COUNTRY (Parts) COUNTRY (Parts) COUNTRY (Parts)

Greece (All) Belgium (M, 145)

the United Kingdom (66, 147)

Hungary (All) Portugal (All)

Norway (All) Monaco (M, 145)

France (M, 145) Iceland (All) Estonia (All)

Poland (66, 147) The Netherlands (M, 145)

MAST 07.2007

MAST 09.2007

MAST 10.2007

MAST 11.2007

MAST 11.2007

MAST 12.2007

COUNTRY (Parts) COUNTRY (Parts) COUNTRY (Parts)

Turkey (All)

Italy (M, 145) Luxembourg (All)

Slovakia (All) Slovenia (follow-up) Latvia (All)

Croatia

Finland (All) Sweden (All) Bulgaria (All)

Switzerland (All) Romania (All) Spain (66, 147)

Serbia

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation

2008 programme

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

POAST - Part 21 Subpart F and G
13 inspections planned in 2008
POAST 01.2008 Visit date Country POAST 02.2008 tbd Belgium POAST 03.2008 tbd Romania Slovakia POAST 07.2008 Visit date Country tbd POAST 08.2008 tbd POAST 09.2008 tbd France the Netherlands POAST 04.2008 tbd the UK Hungary* POAST 10.2008 tbd Italy POAST 05.2008 tbd Ireland Slovenia * POAST 11.2008 tbd Luxembourg POAST 06.2008 tbd Spain Austria POAST 12.2008 tbd

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

MAST –
MAST 01.2008 COUNTRY (Parts) COUNTRY (Parts) COUNTRY (Parts) MAST 07.2008 COUNTRY (Parts) COUNTRY (Parts) COUNTRY (Parts) Austria Belgium
(66, 147)

Parts M, 145, 66 & 147, 21 H/I
MAST 03.2008 Denmark
(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

25 inspections planned in 2008
MAST 02.2008 Germany
(66, 147)

MAST 04.2008 Italy
(66, 147)

MAST 05.2008 Estonia
(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

MAST 06.2008 Czech Rep.
(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

Cyprus

(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

Greece

(M, 145, 21 H/I)

Hungary
(66, 147)

Poland

(M, 145, 21 H/I)

Spain

(M, 145, 21 H/I)

(66, 147)

The Netherlands

Lithuania

(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

Malta

(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

MAST 08.2008

MAST 09.2008 Germany

MAST 10.2008 Poland

MAST 11.2008 France

MAST 12.2008 Bulgaria

(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

(M, 145, 21 H/I)

(66, 147)

(66, 147)

(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

The United Kindom

Ireland

(M, 145, 21 H/I)

(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

Norway

(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

Slovenia

(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

Hungary

(M, 145, 21 H/I)

Serbia (JAA)

(66, 147, M, 145, 21 H/I)

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation

Standardisation strategy

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation strategy
 2007 is allowing the new process to fully deploy; it is also
providing more time to prepare improvements that could be introduced at the time of the arrival of Operations and Flight Crew Licensing within the remit of the Agency.

 In 2007 more resources are allocated to the process,

allowing for tighter follow-up and more precise monitoring of the findings closure.

 Special attention are paid to the involvement of NAAs and
to the due process of training and qualification of the inspectors (Team Leaders and Team Members).

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

Standardisation strategy
 Involvement of inspectors of Member States will continue to be one
of the main strategic priorities in the process, in order to share the technical outputs and to pro-actively achieve standardisation.

 A close coordination will remain necessary between Standardisation
and Rulemaking to bring the required clarifications to the various parties which are implementing the Rules and to propose amendments to the same when necessary.

 Close coordination between the Agency’s Standardisation

Department and the European Commission has been established and remains necessary to effectively and consistently handle the results of the standardisation activity.

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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European Aviation Safety Agency

EASA Thanks for your attention Thank You for your attention!

AEI Conference – London, 21th September 2007

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