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PREPARED BY

Group #3
Roll No. 121077 CE-4104
121078
121079
121080
121081
BUILDING
121083 DESIGN
SESSIONAL

CONTENTS

Introduction Slide 2,3
Set back Slide 5 - 8
Slab design Slide 9 - 13
Beam design Slide 14 - 20

INTRODUCTION TO BUILDING DESIGN .

SET BACK RULE OF PLOT .

Floor Area Ratio and Maximum Ground Coverage 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑓𝑙𝑜𝑜𝑟 𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎 ■ FAR (floor area ratio) = 𝐿𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎 ■ Total floor area = FAR × 𝐿𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎 ■ MGC = Maximum ground coverage ( % of land area specified by code) 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑓𝑙𝑜𝑜𝑟 𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎 ■ Number of story = MGC .

Set back of building Building height up to 33 m or 10 story Area of plot Front side (m) Back side (m) Both lateral side (m) 7-8 katha 1.5 2 1. 2008 .25 Building type : Institute building Area of plot Width of road FAR MGC (m) (%) 7 -8 Katha 6 2.5 60 Source : Dhaka mohanagar imarot bidhimala.

SET BACK OF A PLOT Road width Front setback + area excluding MGC Side set back Building Back set back .

SLAB DESIGN By DDM Method .

Ground provides resisting force . Load on slab 3. Load 2. Load path 1. Load from slab to beam 4. Column load to footing 6. Beam load to column 5.

T (must not he less than): 𝑓𝑦 𝐿𝐿 (0.2 ≤ 𝛼𝑚 ≤ 2.8+ ) 𝐸𝑐𝑏 𝐶 𝑇= 200000 [ 𝛼𝑚 > 2.Assuming the thickness of slab.0] 𝛽= 36+9𝛽 2𝐸𝑐𝑠 𝐼𝑠 Effective depth.2) 𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑛𝑒𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑙𝑎𝑏 𝑓𝑦 𝐿𝐿 (0.8+200000) 𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑓𝑛𝑒𝑠𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑚 𝑇 = 36+𝛽(𝛼 [0.covering 𝐿𝑠 /4 𝐿𝑠 /2 short span (𝐿𝑠 ) Breadth of strip (column or middle). b 𝐿𝑠 /4 𝐿𝐿 − 𝐿𝑠 /2 𝐿𝑠 /4 Long span (𝐿𝐿 ) . 𝑑𝑒 : T .0] 𝛼𝑚 = 𝑚 −0.

𝐿𝑢 : 1. + 1.Ultimate load calculation. M: 𝑀𝑢 65% of M 25% of –ve 𝑀𝑢 𝑐 𝐿𝑢 × 𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑛𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑜𝑠𝑖𝑡𝑒 𝑐 × [𝑠𝑝𝑎𝑛𝑠𝑒𝑙𝑓 (𝑐𝑙𝑒𝑎𝑟)]2 8 +ve ultimate moment: Column strip: 35% of M 60% of +ve 𝑀𝑢 Middle strip: 40% of +ve 𝑀𝑢 𝑀𝑢 𝑓𝑦 and 𝑓𝑐 ′ fixed 𝑅𝑢 = 𝑏 × 𝑑𝑒 2 𝜌 from chart Area of steel.7x L. 𝐴𝑠𝑡 = 0. Column strip: 75% of –ve 𝑀𝑢 -ve ultimate moment: Middle strip: Moment calculation.0018 × 𝑏 × 𝑇 .4x D. L. L. 𝐴𝑠 = 𝜌 × 𝑏 × 𝑑 Area of temp bar.

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Moment Distribution Method . BEAM DESIGN Doubly Reinforced Beam.

Two way slab: four way propagation 2. One way slab: two way propagation .Load path from slab to beam 1.

Conversion of Uniformly Varying Load (UVL) to Uniformly Distributed Load (UDL) 1.33x trapezoidal/triangular load = UDL .

Load combination (BNBC 1993) .

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MOMENT DISTRIBUTION METHOD FOR INDETERMINATE BEAM Fixed end Balanced moment = diff. FEM x 0 𝑤𝐿2 At B. FEM x K/∑K 12 At C. FEM x 1 Stiffness factor. of FEM at a joint ×DF moment. FEM= Moment of inertia. DF=K/∑K A W B C Hinged Fixed end support= end L1 L2 support= 0 1 . 𝐼𝑐 At A. K=E𝐼𝑐 /L Carry over moment at near end= balanced moment of far end/2 Distribution factor.

Doubly reinforcement Maximum steel ratio beam design Reinforcement Doubly Yes No required in rectangular reinforced comp. zone too beam beam .

𝑠ൗ 2 .

THANK YOU ALL .