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# BUILDING DESIGN

BUILDING DESIGN SESSIONAL (CE-4104)

Submitted to

Md. Al-Amin Shikder
Dr. Md. Abdul Kader Lecturer, Department of CE
Professor, Department of CE

DHAKA UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY (DUET),GAZIPUR

CONTENTS

 Objective
 Design Procedure
 Calculation Of FAR and MGC
 Calculation of Set back
 Plan of Land
 Plan of Building
 Beam column layout
 Design of Slab
 Detailing of Beam

Objective
To determine the FAR ,MGC & number of
Storey of a particular land area.
To design the Slab, Beam .

PROCEDURE OF DESIGN Land Selection FAR and MGC Calculation Prepare Plan of Building Slab Design Beam Design Column Design Footing and Pile Design .

CALCULATION OF ‘’FAR’’ and “MGC” .

CALCULATION OF “Set back’’ .

5 Floor Area=FAR X Land Area MGC =60% Storey=Floor Area/MGC .Floor Area Ratio (FAR)=3.

LAND .

PLAN OF BUILDING .

BEAM COLUMN LAYOUT .

Two way ribbed slab/ waffle slab 3. Edge supported two way slab 2. Type of Slab Mainly Slab divided into two types 1. Two sides supported beam slab 2. Two way Slab One way Slab divided into three types 1. One way Slab 2. Flat slab . Four sides supported beam slab 3. One way rib/ joist slab Two way Slab divided into four types 1. Flat plate slab 4.

DESIGN OF SLAB Design Procedure: Strip Method Selection of Pannel Calculation of Thickness of Slab Load Calculation Self Weight Bending Moment Calculation Live Load Reinforcement Calculation Floor Finish Reinforcement Detailing Partition Wall .

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Figure of Strip .

6 L.L+1.Minimum thickness of Slab: h= Factored Load Wu=1.L Cantilever Moment= .2 D.

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X -Direction Y-direction Middle strip Edge Strip Middle Strip Edge Strip .072 .0010 As=ρbd .ve +ve .048 Spacing 18 28 (in) Spacing 9 9 for As (min) Used (in) 9 9 .0015 .ve + ve -ve + ve Mu 1235 615 b (in) 12 12 d (in) 4 4 R= 86 86 Mu/Φbd ρ .ve +ve .

One way Slab Detailing .

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Two way Slab Detailing .

Detailing of Slab .

Beam Selection T.Beam Rectangular Beam Singly Beam Doubly Beam .

Classification of Beam  Based on cross-section:  T – beam  Rectangular beam  Based on Material:  Homogeneous  Non-homogeneous  Based on stress Reinforcement:  Over reinforced beam  Under reinforced beam  Based on Supporting condition:  Simply supported beam  Continuous Beam  Cantilever beam  Overhanging beam  Fixed supported beam etc. .

Simply Supported Beam II. Cantilever Beam V. Fixed Supported Beam III. Over Hanging Beam . Continuous Beam IV.I.

DESIGN OF BEAM Design Procedure: Partition Wall Selection of Beam Floor Finish Assume Size of beam Live Load Load Calculation Self Weight Bending Moments Calculation Manually Size of Beam Calculation By Software Reinforcement Calculation .

L+1. 0.7(W or E.L+1.4 D.75(1.L 3. 1.L) 4.7 W.Qx1.L+1.L 2.• Manual Calculation: Load Combination: 1. 1.4 D.7 L. 0.4 D.75((1.4 D.7 L.L+1.L+1.1)) .7 L.

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Slab To Beam Load Calculation .

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(According to BNBC Code) . Location of Reinforcement Minimum 50% Rod is used in support from tension zone.

Actual reinforcement required in BEAM ***Reinforcement should be placed on tension zone or Negative banding moment area…… ***100% reinforcement placed near the support for cantilever beam And 50% for simply supported beam…… .

Stirrup • Generally stirrup is used for resisting shear force of beam. .

• 2. • 3. Maximum d/2 or 15” or 300mm. Maximum d/4 or 150mm for earthquake consideration. (S= spacing of L/2) . Spacing of Stirrup • 1. First stirrup should be placed on S/4 distance from support.

Lapping For compression zone : Lapping should be placed L/3 distance in the middle strip. Lapping of beam For tension zone: Lapping starts at distance of 2h form the support and exist up to L/3 distance from support . .

DETAILING .

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THANKS TO ALL .