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Sine & Cosine Graphs

By: Taylor Pulchinski


Daniel Overfelt
Whitley Lubeck
Equations
y = a sin (bx-h)+ k
y = a cos (bx-h)+k
a = Amplitude (height of the wave)
2( )/b = Period (time it take to complete one trip around)
h = Phase Shift (left or right movement)
k = Vertical Shift (up or down movement)
Examples
Finding the Period and Amplitude

y= 4 sin 3(x-2)
Amplitude=4
Period=2 /3

Amplitude y= a sin (bx-h)+k


y= 4 sin (bx-h)+k

Period y= a sin (bx-h) +k


P= 2 / b
P= 2 /3
Examples of Non-Shifted Graphs

y = sinx y = cos x
Example
Given the equation: Graph
y = -2 sin (x-π/4) +1

amplitude = 2
period = 2π (2π/b = 2π/1 = 2π)
phase shift = right π/4
vertical shift = up 1
Example
Given the Graph: write
equation
(graph goes by
incriments of one)

1)Find what we know 2) Plug into equation


amplitude: = 4 y = __cos__(x__)___
Period = π/2 (2π/4 = 1π/2) y = 4 cos 4 (x+π) -3
phase shift = left π
vertical shift = down 3
Example Story Problem
A Ferris Wheel with a diameter of 60 feet completes one revolution every 5
minutes. The closest a chair gets to the ground is 2 feet. Write a cosine
function for the height of the person above ground x minutes after boarding.

graph start at 0 and goes to 62 on the y


1) Find what we know axis; graph starts at 0 and goes to 5 on x
axis

Amplitude: 30
Vertical Shift: 32
Period: 2π/b = 5so 2π = 5bso 2π/5 = b
phase shift: none

2) plug into equation


y = ___ cos __(x___)____
y = 30cos(2π/5) x +32
Story Problem Continued
For the same problem, now write a sine function for the height of the person
above ground x minutes after boarding

1) Find what we know


amplitude: 30
Vertical Shift: 32
Period: 2π/b = 5 so 2π = 5b so 2π/5 = b
Phase Shift: 1.25 left (sine graph starts halfway between the starting
point and middle...so 5/2 = 2.5/2 = 1.5)

2) Plug into equation


y = __ sin____(x____)____
y = 30sin(2π/5)(x-1.25)+32
Graph tarts at 0 and goes to 62 on the y
axis; graph starts at 1.25 and goes to 6 on
the x axis
Assessment
1&2 Find the amplitude of the 3. Find the Period of the
function function and use the language
. y= 2 sin 2x+ 4 of transformations to describe
the graph of the function
A) 2
related to y= cosx
B) 2x
C) 4 y= cos 3(x+1)-4
D) 6
A) 2 left 1 down 4
y= -7 sin 3x-7
3
4
B) 2 left 4 up 1
A) 3
3
B) -7
C) 3 up 1 left 4
C) -7
D) 1 up 3 left 4
4
D) 7
Assessment Continued
4. Find the Period of the function and use the language of
transformations to describe how the graph of the function
related to the graph y= cosx

y= 2 sin 6 (x-3)+2

A) 2 down 3 up 2
B) 2 right 2 down 3
6
C) 1 right 3 up 2
3
D) 6 left 3 up 2
Assessment Continued
5. Sketch a Graph

y= 6sin2x

A) B)

D)
C)
Assessment Continued
6.Sketch a graph

y= -2cos 2(x + )-2


8

C)
A)

D)
B)
Assessment Continued
7&8 Write a Sin equation from the given graph. Then write a Cos
equation

A) 4 sin 3x
B) 3 sin 4x A) 3 cos 4 (x+3)
C) 3 sin 4(x+2) B) 3 cos 4 (x+2)
D) 4 sin 3(x+2) C) 4 cos 4 (x+2)
D) 4 cos 2 (x+3)
Assessment Continued
9. Write a Sin equation for the graph below.

A) y=4 sin 3.5(x) +.5


B) y=3.5 sin 4(x) +3.5
C) y=3.5 sin 4(x) +.5
D) y=4 sin 4(x) +3.5
Assessment Continued
10. Write a Sin equation when the diameter of a ferris wheel is 60
feet and it takes 3 minutes to make one round. The elevation is
2 feet off the ground.

A)y=30sin 2 (x-.75)+32
3

B) y=32 sin 3 (x+3)+30


2

C) y=30 sin 2 (x+.75)+32


3

D)y= 30sin 2 (x-.75)-31


3
Answer Key to Assessment
1. A
2. C
3. A
4. C
5. A
6. B
7. B
8. B
9. C
10. A
Supplement Activity
Tic Tac Toe
Directions: Two teams will play against one another.
If you get a problem correct you can play an “x” or “o”
depending on which team you’re on. First team to get
three in a row wins.

Problems: State the amplitude is, vertical and


horizontal shifts, and what the period is.

1. y=5sin(2x)
2. y=2cos2(x+π/8)-2
3. y=cos(x/4)
4. y=4sin4(x-2)+3
5. y=3sin2(x+4)
6. y=sin(x-π/4)+1
7. y=2cos(x)+7
Tic Tac Toe Answer Key
5.) Amplitude: 3
1.) Amplitude: 5 Period: π
Period: π Vertical shift: none
Vertical shift: none
Phase shift: left 4
Phase shift: none
6.) Amplitude: 1
2.) Amplitude: 2 Period: 2π
Period: π Vertical shift: up 1
Vertical shift: down 2 Phase shift: right π/4
Phase shift: left π/8
7.) Amplitude: 2
3.) Amplitude: 1 Period: 2π
Period: 8π Vertical shift: up 7
Vertical shift: none Phase shift: none
Phase shift: none
8.) Amplitude: 4
4.) Amplitude: 4 Period: 2π
Period: 1/2π Vertical shift: down
π/2
Vertical shift: up 3
Phase shift: none
Phase shift: right 2
References
http://graphsketch.com/

http://mouserunner.com/MozllaTicTacToe/Mozilla_Tic_Tac_Toe.htm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9rsJF6lqxaob

The Great Ms. Scarseth