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Biology - 2016
Biology Exam
NEET Year
2016 2016
Study, Assignments, Solved Previous Year Papers . Questions and Answers. Free Forever.

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Microtubules are the constituent of


spindle fibres, centrioles and cilia
centrioles, spindle fibres and chromatin
centrosome, nucleosomes and centrioles
cilia, flagella and peroxisomes

Answer
2. Mitochondria and choloroplast are :
I. semi-autonomous organelles.
II.formed by division of pre-existing organelles and they contain DNA but lack protein synthesizing
machinery.
II is true but I is false
I is true but II is false
Both I and II are false
Both I and II are correct
Answer
3. Photosensitive compound in human eye is made up of
opsin and Retinal
opsin ans Retinol
transducin and Retinene
guanosine and Retinol

Answer
4. Chrysophytes, euglenoids, dinoflagellates and slime moulds are included in the kingdom
Protista
Fungi
Animalia
Monera

Answer
5. The primitive prokaryotes responsible for the production of biogas from the dung of ruminant animals,
include the
thermoacidophiles
methanogens
eubacteria
halophiles

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Biology Exam
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Answer
6. Which of the following characteristic features always holds true for the corresponding group of animals?

Viviparous Mamalia

Posess a mouth with an upper and lower jaw Chordata

3-chmbered heart with one incompletely divided ventricle Reptilia

Cartiliginous- endoskeleton Chondrichthyes

Answer
7. Tricarpellary, syncarpous gynoecium is found in flowers of
Solanaceae
Fabaceae
Poaceae
Liliaceae

Answer
8. In which of the following, all three are macronutrients
Iron, copper, molybdenum
Molybdenum, magnesium, manganese
Nitrogen, nickel, phosphorous
Boron, zinc, manganese
Answer

9. Reduction in pH of blood will


reduce the blood supply to the brain
decrease the affinity of haemoglobin with oxygen
release bicarbonate ions by the liver
reduce the rate of heart beat
Answer
10. Lack of relaxation between successive stimuli in sustained muscle contraction is known as
fatigue
tetanus
tonus
spasm

Answer

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Biology Exam
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2016 2016
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11. Which one of the following statements is wrong?


Golden algae are also called desmids
Eubacteria are also called false bacteria
Phycomycetes are also called algal fungi
Cyanobacteria are also called blue-green algae

Answer
12. Water vapour comes out from the plant leaf through stomatal opening. through the same stomatal opening.
carbon dioxide diffuses into the plant during photosynthesis. Reason out the above statements using the
following options

Both processes can happen together because the diffusion coefficient of water and CO 2 is different

The above processes happen only during night time

One process occurs during day time and other at night


Both processes cannot happen simultaneously
Answer
13. Cotyledon of maize grain is called
coleorhiza
caleoptile
scutellum
plumule

Answer
14. Which of the following guards the opening of hepatopancreatic duct into the duodenum?
illeocaecal valve
Pyloric sphincter
Sphincter of Oddi
Semilunar valve

Answer
15. In the stomach, gastric acid is secreted by the
parietal cells
peptic cells
acidic cells
gastrin-secreting cells
Answer
16. In mammals, which blood vessel would normally carry largest amount of urea?
Dorsal aorta

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Biology Exam
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Hepatic vein
Hepatic portal vein
Renal vein

Answer
17. Which of the following is not a stem modification?
thorns of citrus

tendrils of cucumber
Flattened structures of Opuntia
Pitcher of Nepenthes

Answer
18. Which one of the following cell organelles is enclosed by a single membrane?
Chloroplasts
Lysosomes
Nuclei
Mitochondria

Answer
19. Which one of the following statements is wrong?
cellulose is a polysaccharide

Uracil is a pyrimidine
Glycine is a sulphur containing amino acid
Sucrose is a disaccharide

Answer
20. Which one of the following characteristics is not shared by birds and mammals?
Breathing using lungs

Viviparity
Warm-blooded nature
Ossified endoskeleton

Answer
21. The amino acid, trytophan is the precussor for the synthesis of
thyroxine and tri-iodothryonine
estrogen and progesterone
cortisol and cortisone
melatonin and serotonin

Answer
22. One of the major components of cell wall of most fungi is

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Biology Exam
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peptidoglycan
cellulose
hemicellulose
chitin

Answer
23. A complex of ribosomes attached to a single strand of RNA is known as
Polymer
Polypeptide
Okazaki's fragment
Polysome

Answer
24. Which of the following features is not present in the phylum-Arthropoda?
Metameric segmentation

Parapodia
Jointed appendages
Chitinous exoskeleton

Answer
25. The Avena curvature is used for bioassay of
GA 3

IAA
Ethylene
ABA

Answer
26. A typical fat molecule is made up of
One glycerol and three fatty acid molecules
One glycerol and one fatty acid moleule
Thre glycerol and three fatty acid molecules
Three glycerol molecules and one fatty acid molecule
Answer
27. Which of the following features is not present in Periplaneta americana?
Indeterminate and radical cleavage during embryonic development
Exoskeleton composed of N-acetylglucosamine
Metamerically segmented body
Schizocoelom as body cavity

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Biology Exam
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Answer
28. Water-soluble pigments found in plant cell vacuoles are
chlorophylls
carotenoids
anthocyanins
xanthophylls

Answer
29. A cell at telophase stage is observed by a student in a plant brought from the field. He tells his teacher that
this cell is not like other cells at telophase stage. there is no formation of cell plate and thus the cell is
containing more number of chromosomes as compares to other dividing cells. This would result in
polyploidy
somaclonal variation
polyteny
aneuploidy
Answer
30. A plant in your garden avoids photorespiratory losses, has improved water use efficiency, shows high rate
of photosynthesis at high temperatures and has improved efficiency of nitrogen utilisation. In which of the
following physiological groups would you assign this plant?

C4

CAM

Nitogen-fixer
C3

Answer
31. Emerson's enhancement effect and red drop have instrumental in the discovery of
two photosystems operating simultaneously
photophosphorylation and cyclic electron transport
oxidative phosphorylation
phosphorylation and non-cyclic electron transport
Answer

32. Select the correct statement


Salvinia, Gingko and Pinus all are gymnosperm
Sequoia is oneis one ot the talles trees
The leaves of gymnosperm are not well adapted to extremes of climate
Gymnosperms are both homosporous and heterosporous

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Biology Exam
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Answer
33. Which of the following is not a characteristic feature during mitosis in somatic cells?
Disappearance of nucleolus
Chromosome movement
Synapsis
Spindle fibres
Answer
34. Blood pressure in the pulmonary artery is
more than that in the carotid
more than that in the pulmonary vein
less than that in the Vena cava
same as that in the aorta
Answer

35. Spindle fibres attach on to


kinetochore of the chromosome
centrosome of the chromosome
kinetosome of the chromosome
telomere of the centrosome

Answer
36. Stems modified into flat green organs performing the functions of leaves are known as
phyllodes
phylloclades
scales
cladodes

Answer
37. In a chloroplast the highest number of protons are found in
lumen of thylakoids
inter membrane space
antennae complex
stroma

Answer
38. Nomenclature is governed by certain universal rules. Which one of the following is contrary to the rules of
nomenclature?
The first word in biological name represents the genus name and the second is a specific epithet
The names are written in Latin and are Italicised

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Biology Exam
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2016 2016
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When written by hand, the names are to be underlined


Biological names can be written in any language
Answer
39. In meiosis crossing over is initiated at
leptotene
zygotene
diplotene
pachytene

Answer
40. The standard petal of papilionaceae corola is also called
pappus
vexillum
corona
carina

Answer
41. Which of the following statements is wrong for viroids?
They are smaller than viruses

They cause infections


Their RNA is of high molecular weight
They lack a protein coat

Answer
42. Which type of tissue correctly matches with its location?

Tissue Location

Areolar tissue Tendons

Tissue Location

ATransitional epithelium Teip of nose

Tissue Location

Cuboidal epithelium Tlining of stomach

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Biology Exam
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Tissue Location

Smooth muscle Wall of intestine

Answer
43. Which of the following pairs of hormones are not antagonistic (having opposite effects) to each other?

Insulin Glucagon

Aldosterone Atrial Natriuretic Factor

Relaxin Inhibin

Parathormone Calcitonin

Answer
44. Specialised epidermal cells surrounding the guard cells are called
sunbsidiary cells
bulliform cells
lenticels
complementary cells

Answer
45. Which of the following is wrongly matched in the given table?

Microbe Product Application

Lowering of
Monascus
Statins blood
purpureus
cholesterol

Microbe Product Application

Removal
of clot
Streptococcus Streptokkinase
from blood
vessel

Microbe Product Application

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Biology Exam
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Clostridium Removal of
Lipase
buylicum oil stains

Microbe Product Application

Trichoderma Immunosuppressive
Cyclosporin-A
polysporum drug

Answer
46. Changes in GnRH pulse frequency in females is controlled by circulating levels of
estrogen and inhibin
progesterone only
progesterone and inhibin
estrogen and progesterone

Answer
47. Identify the correct statement on 'inhibin'
is produced by granulosa cells in ovary and inhibits the secretion of FSH
is produced by granulosa cells in ovary and inhibits the secretion of LH is
produced by nurse cells in testes and inhibits the secretion of LH inhibits
the secretion of LH, FSH and prolactin

Answer
48. It is much easier for a small animal to run uphill than a large animal, because
smaller animals have a higher metabolic rate

small animals have a lower O 2 requirement


the efficiency of muscles in large animals in less than in the small animals
it is easier to carry a small body weight

Answer
49. A tall true breeding garden pea plant is crossed with a dwarf true breeding garden pea plant. When the F 1
plants were selfed the resulting genotypes were in ratio of
1:2:1 :: Tall heterozygous: Tall homozygous: Dwarf
3:1:: Tall: Dwarf

3:1:: Dwarf: Tall


1:2:1 :: Tall homozygous : Tall heterozygous: Dwarf
Answer

50. Depletion of which gas in the atmosphere can lead to an increased incidence of skin cancers

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Biology Exam
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ozone
ammonia
methane
nitrous oxide

Answer
51. Which one of the following is a characteristic feature of cropland ecosystem?
Least genetic diversity
The absence of weeds
Ecological succession
The absence of soil orgnaisms
Answer
52. Which of the following is a restriction endonuclease?
Protease
DNase I
RNase
Hind II

Answer
53. Which of the following would appear as the pioneer organisms on bare rocks?
Liverworts
Mosses
Green algae
Lichens

Answer
54. The term ecosystem was coined by
AG Tansley
E Haeckel
E Warrning
EP Odum

Answer
55. Which of the following is required as inducer(s0 for the expression of lac operon?
galactose

lactose
lactose and galactose
glucose

Answer

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Biology Exam
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56. When does the growth rate of a population following the logistic model equal zero? The logistic model is
given as dN/dt = rN(1-N/K)
when N nears the carrying capacity of the habitat
when N/K equals zero
when death rate is greater than birth rate
when N/K is exactly 1

Answer
57. Which one of the following statements is not true? Exine
of pollen grains is made up of sporopollenin

Pollen grains of many species cause severe allergies


Stored pollen in liquid nitrogen can be used in the crop breeding programmes
Tapetum helps in the dehiscence of anther

Answer
58. In bryophytes and pteridophytes, transport of male gametes requires
insects
birds
water
wind

Answer
59. Analogous structures are a result of
convergent evolution
shared ancestry
stabilising selection
divergent evolution

Answer
60. Proximal end of the filament of stamen is attached to the
connective
placenta
thalamus
anther

Answer
61. Which of the following is not required for any of the techniques of DNA fingerprinting available at present?
Zinc finger analysis
Restriction enzymes
DNA-DNA hybridization

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Biology Exam
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Polymerase chain reaction


Answer
62. Select the incorrect statement
LH and FSH triggers ovulation in ovary
LH and FSH decrease gradually during the follicular phase
LH triggers secretion of androgens from the Leydig cells
FSH stimulates the Sertoli cells which helps in spermiogenesis
Answer
63. Joint Forest management Concept was introduced in India during
1970s

1980s
1990s
1960s
Answer
64. Asthma may be attributed to
allergic reaction of the mast cells in the lungs
inflammation of the trachea
accumulation of fluid in the lungs
bacterial infection of the lungs

Answer
65. Pick out the correct statement.

I. Haemophilia is a sex-linked recessive disease


II. Down's syndrn=me is due to aneuploidy
III.Phenylketonuria is an autosomal recessive gene disorderIv. Sickle cell anaemia is an X-linked recessive
gene disorder

II and IV are correct


I, III and IV are correct
I, II and III are correct
I and IV are correct

Answer
66. The two polypeptides of human insulin are linked together by
phosphodiester bonds
covalent bonds
disulphide bridges

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hydrogen bonds
Answer
67. The coconut water from tender coconut represents
fleshy mesocarp
free-nuclear proembryo
free-nuclear endosperm
endocarp

Answer
68. Which of the following is not a feature of the plasmids?
Circular structure
Transferable
Single stranded
Independent replication
Answer
69. Which is the National Aquatic Animal of India?
River dolphin
Blue whale
Sea-horse
Gangetic shark

Answer
70. Which of the following is the most important cause of animals and plants being driven to extinction?
Alien species invasion
Habitat loss and fragmentation
Co-extinctions
Over-exploitation
Answer

71. Which of the following approaches does not give the defined action of contraceptive?

Increase phagocytosis
of sperms, suppress
Intra-uterine
sperm motility and
devices
fertilising capacity of
sperms.

Prevent/retard entry
Hormonal of sperms, prevent
contraceptives ovulation and
fertilisation

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Prevents
Vasectomy
spermatogenesis

Barrier methods Prevent fertilisation

Answer
72. In a test cross involving F 1 di hybrid flies, more parental-type offspring were produced that the recombinant

type offspring. This indicates

chromosomes failed to separate during meiosis


the two genes are linked and present on the same chromosome
both of the characters are controlled by more than one gene
the two genes are located on two different chromosomes

Answer
73. Match the terms in Column I with their description in Column II and choose the correct option.

Column I Column II

1. Many genes governs a


A. Dominance
single character

2. In a heterozygous organism,
B. Codominance
only one allele expresses itself

3. In a heterozygous organism
C. Pleiotropy both alleles express
themselves fully

D. Polygenic 4. A single gene influences


inheritance many characters

A B C D

2 3 4 1

A B C D

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4 1 2 3

A B C D

4 3 1 2

A B C D

2 1 4 3

Answer
74. Whic of the following statements is not correct?
Insects that consume pollen or nectar without bringing about pollination are called pollen nectar
robbers
Pollen germination and pollen tube growth are regulated by chemical components of pollen
interacting with those of the pistil

Some reptiles have also been reported as pollinators in some plant species
Pollen grains of many species can germinate on the stigma of a flower, but only one pollen tube of
the same species grows into the style

Answer
75. In higher vertebrates, the immune system can distinguish self-cells and non-self. If this property is lost due
to genetic abnormality and it attacks self-cells, then it leads to

graft rejection
auto-immune disease
active immunity
allergic response

Answer
76. Which of the following structures is homologous to the wing of a bird?
Wing of a moth
Hind limb of a rabbit
Flipper of whale
Dorsal fin of a shark

Answer
77. Seed formation without fertilisation in flowering plants involves the process of
budding

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Somatic hybridisation
Apomixis
Sporulation

Answer
78. Name the chronic respiratory disorder caused by cigarette smoking
asthma
respiratoty disease
respiratory alkalosis
emphysema

Answer
79. In a context of amniocentesis, which of the following statement is incorrect?
It is used for prenatal sex determination
It can be used for detection of down syndrome
It can be used for detection of cleft palate
It is usually done when a woman id between 14-16 weeks pregnant
Answer
80. Antivenom injection contains preformed antibodies while polio drops that are administered into the body
contain
harvested antibodies
gamma globulin
attenuated pathogens
activated pathogens

Answer
81. The Taq polymerase enzyme is obtained from
Thiobacillus ferroxidans
Bacillus subtilis
Pseudomonas subtilis
Thermus aquaticus

Answer
82. Which of the following most appropriately describes haemophilia?
X-linked recessive gene disorder
Chromosomal disorder
Dominant gene disorder
Recessive gene disorder

Answer

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83. Which part of the tobacco plant is infected by Meloidogyne incognitia?


Leaf
Stem
Root
Flower

Answer
84. Which of the following statements is not true for cancer cells in relation to mutations?
Mutations destroy telomerase inhibitor
Mutations inactivate the cell control
Mutations inhibit production of telomerase
Mutations in proto-oncogenes accelerate the cell cycle
Answer

85. Fertilisation in humans is practically feasible only if


the ovum and sperms are transported simultaneously to ampullary -isthmic junction of the fallopian
tube
the ovum and sperms are transported simultaneously to ampullary -isthmic junction of the cervix
the sperm are transported into cervix within 48 hrs of releases of ovum in uterus
the sperms are transported into the vagina just after the release of the ovum in the fallopian tube
Answer
86. Which of the following is the starter codon?
UGA
UAA
UAG
AUG

Answer
87. A river with an inflow of domestic sewage-rich in organic waste may result in
increased population of aquatic food web organism
an increased production of fish due to biodegradable nutrients
death of fish due to lack of oxygen
drying of the river very soon due to algal bloom
Answer
88. A system of rotating crops with legume or grass pasture to improve soil structure and fertility is called
contour farming
strip farming
shifting agriculture

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ley farming
Answer
89. Following are the two statements regarding the origin of life

I. The earliest organisms that appeared on the earth were non-green and presumably anaerobes.
II.The first autotrophic organisms were the chemoautotrophs that never released oxygen.
Of the above statement which one of the following options is correct?
II is correct but I is false
Both I and II are correct
Both I and II are false
I is correct but II is false
Answer

90. Gause's principle of competitive exclusion states that


Competition for the same resources excludes species having different food preferences
No two species can occupy the same niche indefinitely for the same limiting resources
Larger organisms exclude smaller ones through competition
More abundant species will exclude the less abundant species through competition
Answer

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