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Safety Engineering
Shipbuilding Institude of Polytechnic Surabaya
A lathe machine is a machine tool
which is used to remove metals from a
workpiece to give a desired shape and size.
In other words it is a machine that is used
to hold the workpiece to perform various
metal removing operations such as turning,
grooving, chamfering, knurling, facing,
forming etc with the help of tools. It is also
called as mother of machine.

Parts of
Tool Post Bed
It is bolted on the carriage. It ○ It is the main body of the
is used to hold the tool at machine. All main
correct position. Tool holder components are bolted
mounted on it. on it. It is usually made
by cast iron due to its
high compressive
strength and high
lubrication quality. It is
made by casting process
and bolted on floor
Feed Shaft
Has a keyway, with
two reversing pinion
gears, either of
which can be
meshed with the
mating bevel gear to
forward or reverse
the carriage using a

Head Stock Chuck
Head stock is the Chuck is used to
main body parts hold the
which are placed at workspace. It is
left side of bed. It is bolted on the
serve as holding spindle which
device for the gear rotates the chuck
chain, spindle, and work piece. It
driving pulley etc. It is four jaw and
is also made by cast three jaw
iron. according to the
requirement of
Tail Stock
Tail stock situated
on bed. It is placed
at right hand side of
the bed. The main
function of tail stock
to support the job
when required. It is
also used to perform
drilling operation.

Compound Rest Lead Screw
Mounted to the cross Lead screw is
slide, it pivots situated at the
around the tool post. bottom side of
bed which is used
to move the
during thread

It is situated
between the head
stock and tail
stock. It is used to
hold and move
the tool post on
the bed vertically
and horizontally. It
slides on the
guide ways.
Carriage is made
by cast iron.
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How to Use
1. A cylindrical work piece fixed to the chuck. A chuck may have three jaw or for jaw according to the
requirement. The work piece is at the center or some eccentric according to the process perform.

2. The spindle starts to rotate and set it at desire speed. The spindle speed plays a huge role during
cutting. The spindle rotates the chuck and work piece.

3. Now check the work piece is turning properly.

4. Now set the tool at desire feed by moving the tool post and carriage. The feed also play main role
during cutting.

5. After it tool is introduce between moving work piece at desire feed rate. It cut the metal from work
piece. The feed rate is set at the cutting condition.

6. Now all unwanted metal is removed by moving the carriage form horizontally and vertically as desire
according to the job requirement. After complete all process we got a well finished job.

7. Lathe can perform turning, boring, chamfering, shaping, facing, drilling knurling, grooving.

Any questions?
You can find me at
○ @username