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Jesus and the Church


Incarnation-God became Man .God’s Revelation- He made Himself known to human beings through Jesus.

 The intimate relationship of JESUS with GOD is an important factor because it influenced Jesus words and action  HIS MISSION .

Relationship of Jesus to the Church  God’s self revelation continues in the community of Disciples-Church  Community of disciples is a response to the total life of Jesus .

Community of disciples is a response to the total life of Jesus .

. The Church. faithful to her relationship to Jesus has the mission of bringing the goodnews to the whole humanity.

. Church mission is connected with Jesus because Jesus life and ministry became the foundation of the Church.

 Jesus lived a Life of compassion because of His intimate relationship with God. .“Abba Father”  From this Jesus show us a compassionate God.for the poor and suffering in the society.

This sacraments helps us to be better disciples and human beings.  Sacrament-referring to the seven sacrament.  A sign that effects what it signifies-points to a God who cares for His people .Jesus as the Sacrament of God.

 Sacraments are interpersonal encounter between God and human beings  We encounter God when we celebrate the 7 sacraments .

 WE encounter God in the person and ministry of Jesus.  Jesus is the sacrament of God .

 We encounter Jesus through the Church because the Church is the sacrament of Jesus .

 God’s revelation took place in the course of History and gradually revealed Himself to humankind .

the final . Jesus is the culmination. absolute and definitive revelation of God .

Jesus relationship with God  Symbolic way:WHO JESUS IS? . Identity  Image: Jesus is the expression “original sacrament (uraksament) in relation to God  Pope Benedict: Jesus is someone who fully manifested the presence and action of God for humanity. .

. According to Edward Schillebeeckx. present and active in the World. He reveal who God is. Jesus is the sacrament of God a symbol of God and paradigm of our humanity.  In Jesus we see the face of God.

 Jesus is faithful to God’s will-consented top the will of the Father.  God’s plan for humanity became a reality .

The KINGDOM OF GOD.the central message of Jesus .

The whole of Jesus event
(life, ministry, death and
resurrection) symbolize
the presence and action of
God to human being and
the whole of creation.

 According to Edward
Schillebeeckx, Jesus is
the sacrament of God a
symbol of God and
paradigm of our

 In Jesus we see the face
of God, He reveal who
God is, present and
active in the World.

 For the Jews: God is powerful, loving, faithful
and just illustrated by the story

Hosea: Unfaithful wife to Come back
Idolatry: The story of unfaithfulness
Prodigal son: A story of homecoming
Isaiah: How can a mother forget her son…

.Jesus makes present a life giving attributes or characteristics of God.

3 examples in the Ministry of Jesus .

He embodied God as healer of His people. The Healing Ministry  The healing ministry of Jesus is God’s compassion for His people.1. .

It is not only physical but the well-being of the totality of the person and the community. . She was considered unclean and outcast. For the Jews Healing was a important aspect of their understanding of salvation. When Jesus healed her she was restored physically and as members of the community. restoration of wholeness.  Ex.  Restoration of relationship as healing relationships. The healing of a woman who was bleeding for many years.

Table fellowship  Symbolized and made present God’s inclusiveness.  Concern for the lost and the last .

Wash hands before eating ( part of purity laws)  It brings division. pagans or prostitutes. not to eat. Jews: Eating was not only biological or social activity and it is also a religious reality (eat. and with whom)  Ex. Respectable person should not eat with sinners. . how to.

outcast of society. He ate with those excluded by the Jewish society  Table fellowship: made present God’s compassion . Gospel: Jesus eating with all types of people (tax collectors.

PARABLES  Jesus use to teach  Stories: about the Kingdom ( comparison)  The Kingdom of God-experience of salvation both in the here and now .

Tools for transformation

1.It is a short imaginative
story that communicate
one central idea reversing
a prevailing notion.

It is an invitation to see
things differently and act

Transformed perception
of things and events in
our life and in the life of
the society.

To call people to a new way of relating to God and to one another .

Challenge prevailing oppressive situation .

.Invite people to an alternative lifestyle. humane society.

Imagery of heart 2. Imagery of death .2 imageries that explain what is involved in transformation 1.

. selfish. unfeeling.  Jews: Heart represented the true self of the person. Otherwise closed. heart open to change if it is centered in the compassionate God.

honor. wealth. purity. . religion and self as the center of one’s concern.  Imagery of grain falling on the ground: unless a grain of wheat falls down to the ground and die…. to die  Conventional wisdom: to family. Transformation: imagery of death.

 Jesus wisdom: calls us from fulfilling requirements of religion or culture to a life rooted in relationship with a compassionate God  Jesus teaching mirror the loving God .

(Jn. 14:6) . Christian faith is centered on Jesus who is the Way the truth and the life.

content and goal of God’s revelation . Relationship of Jesus and God: Jesus becomes the agent.

 Agent: Jesus is the mediator-make us one with God. God and humanity became one.  Content: Who God is and what human being should be . center and purpose of Christian life  St.  Goal: Jesus is the key. between God and human. Paul: challenge to put on the Lord Jesus Christ.

.Jesus is a teacher of transformative wisdom 3. Jesus was a healer and exorcist 2. Ministry of Jesus 1. Jesus is an initiator or renewal movement 4. Jesus is a prophet.

 Kingdom: reign (active presence) of God in the lives of people  The reign of justice. freedom. truth. .Jesus and the Kingdom  Central to Jesus Ministry is the Kingdom of God. love and peace in human society  Experience of total well being or salvation  Jesus is the agent of the Kingdom of God.

 Synoptic gospel-focus of preaching and concern of Jesus is not on the Church or about the Church but the Kingdom or reign of God .

salvation. fullness of life.The Kingdom of God for Jesus  The Kingdom of God as good news-well-being. Kaginhawaan ng katawan at kalooban ng buong katauhan. .

 The good news of the Kingdom does not ask for performance-goodworks are only possible because God’s grace. . Abilities and capacities are God’s gift.

 The Kingdom of God is an end to power relationships. It is if oppression and domination it is not life giving. .

openness towards others Jewish society: exclusive in many ways . prostitutes fringes of society because Jesus sees the possibility of change to these people Jesus movement: acceptance. The Kingdom of God is offered to all Welcome: sinners. tax collectors.

 The Kingdom of God is both present and future The kingdom of God is well being in this life Isaiah’s reflection: Jesus envisioned-food for the hungry (corporal works of mercy) .

 The foregoing ideas are important because as Church we are agents of the Kingdom  The Kingdom of God is our mission-to serve its cause .

. through Him we receive salvation as recipients of well-being intended by God for us and we are expected to respond positively as Jesus did. Jesus is the basis of our faith in God.

 Ground sacrament-grund sakrament) the Church is the fundamental sacrament. . the whole community participates in Christ’s presence. In the Church.The Church as a sacrament of Jesus  Church: witness who Jesus is to the World.

Jesus as the foundation of the Church  Jesus preaching of the Kingdom of God. .as God’s act of salvation for Israel making people’s lives whole and meaningful.

death and experience of the resurrection. Disciples of Jesus continued His mission inspite difficulties and persecutions  Jesus life and ministry.basis of followers to form community which later came to be known as the Church .

The Church as agent of Jesus vision of the Kingdom  The Kingdom of God for Jesus: an experience of God’s graciousness .

Liberation from all forms of bondage . Prophet of Israel: the one who save. God acted on behalf of His suffering people. He brought Israel out of Egypt.

table fellowship. The Kingdom is a message about God relating graciously to His people (parables. healing) .

. Love and authority: firm and commanding. power over life and earth. sovereignty- irony-reach out to the lowly.  God is great He respond to the suffering of the poor and the oppressed.

The church is called to do the same to witness to the Kingdom is to be disciple of Jesus. . Jesus witness the graciousness of God.

Chapter 2: nature and mission of the Church .

Church and its role in today’s world. total well-being.  Discipleship: What makes a group of people Church  Believing in Jesus that the Kingdom of God has come. freedom . compassion.  Witnessing: forgiveness.

Continued Jesus mission of proclaiming the Kingdom of God. 1. Strong sense of fellowship 2.5 dimensions that characterize the Church. Nourished by the word of God 3. Celebrating communion with one another and with God in prayer and sacraments. . 4. Developed plurality of ministries 5.

People of God 2. Paul 1.Scriptural Images of the Church.St. Body of Christ . Temple of the Holy Spirit 3.

People of God  For the Jews this is the basic way to express their identity  In Exodus experience-God made them into a nation a people in which God reigns  Assembly of God-”Kahal Yahweh” in Hebrew Ekklesia in Greek .

 Early Christians: New People of God-salvation and well being-from God .

. members' are those who believe in Christ. 2. its condition is that of the dignity and freedom of the son’s and daughters of God 3. 1.The Church as the People of God  It has a distinguishing characteristics. brought to perfection in the end time. its mission is to be the salt of the earth and the light of the world. It head is Christ. 5. its law is Christ’s new commandment of love 4. Its cause is God. its salvation. Its destiny is the final Kingdom of God.

17) (Eph 2:17-22) .  God dwelt: no longer a temple made of stone but God has made their community into a livnig temple where God dwells (1 Cor. 3:16.Temple of the Holy Spirit  The Holy Spirit is the one animating the Church.

Every Christian is a temple of the Holy Spirit-Baptism 2.Temple of the Holy Spirit  Implications 1. Spirit manifest itself in the diverse talents and charisms . Equality in the Christian community-gift of the Spirit 3.

the Church there is a variety of members and functions.  Diversity of responsibility and ministries-build up the Body  Unity and diversity: Within Christ body. Unity is not uniformity .Body of Christ  Body -Expresses group of person with common political ideal or follow a particular political figure  Unique relationship to Christ of the members to one another.

It is a gift not our personal or community achievement. .Some challenges posed by the Scriptural image for Christians today 1. From exclusive to a more inclusive Church  We are part of the Church because God called us. We cannot make the Church private and exclusive.

From Clericalization to community participation.2. the people of God and the body of Christ different only in function and role .  We are of the same dignity because we are temple of the Holy Spirit.

. new discovery and adjustments and of conversion  Faithful to the Spirit and blows where it wills.  Church-people is on the move. new learning.  Church is the result of God’s call.  To think that the Church is unaffected by what happens in society is to sacralize the Church  Church transforms society yet affected  Church leaders: read the signs of time. God’s doing but also the result of human decisions and events in history. From sacralization to a more historical perspective 3. make the right decisions guided by the gospel message.

4. From idealized picture to a more realistic assessment of the Church.  The Church is both a community of Saints and a Sinner. .

2 Visions of the Church  Apostolic Age: The Bible is normative  Church led by the Apostles-model of being a Church because the Apostles’ had a first hand experience with Jesus. .

Salvation-historical perspective-result of God’s presence and action in History-Jesus of Nazareth. Growth of the Church and the need fro structures and authority .Second Vatican Council  Vision of the Church Existed in History 1.Church is considered a sacrament-make present in the world a well- being from God brought by Jesus 2.

The Church According to the Vatican II: The Church as People of God 1. 2. The Church is a participatory community . The Church is not an exclusive community 3. The Church as a sacrament or a sign of intimate union with God and of the unity of all mankind. The Church is a pilgrim towards the Kingdom 4. The Church is a sign of the Kingdom 5.

sharing and service to one another  Image: Washing of the feet .The Church as Hierarchical society  Role function and power of leaders of the Church  Co-responsibility and authority is service  Unity.

The Church as Servant  Called to serve the World-it exist to serve and not be served .

 Dialogue with the world and society

 GS-The Church seeks a solitary goal, to carry forward the
work of Christ Himself under the lead of the befriending
Spirit and Chits entered this world to give witness to the
truth, to rescue and not tos it in judgment, to serve and
not to be served”

 God’s saving action in the society is the in the
involvement of the Church in socio-political life is for the
welfare of human life and respect for human dignity.

The Church as envisioned by PCP II  PCP II purpose: Assess the effectivity of evangelization and find ways to be of better service to the society.  Identity and mission in a changed situation  Renewed mission in a new way  Communion of communities of disciples  Laity as the center of the life of the Church .

 Characteristics  Basic Equality  Unity in diversity of charisms and ministiries  A spirit of participation  Directed towards the service of the poor and the needy .

 The Philippine Church has to become a Church not only for the poor but also of the poor  BEC  Focus: Catechesis and Worship .

renewal of prayer life. Transforms the life of Filipinos into ne act of worship  Renewed evangelization. popular piety and liturgy. Catechesis: Christ-centered. rooted in the word of God.renewal of social apostolate . systematic  Worship: problem-separated from the totality of life. authentically Filipino.

 Evangellii Nuntiandi: The renewal of society in all its starta through the interplay of the Gosp[el truths and human’s concrete total life”  Transforming the socio-political and economic life of society is part of evangelization .

a community of faith . Unity in Diversity 2. Equality in Dignity . 1. love and truth. The Church is a Communion-communion of life.The Church in the Philippines According to the PCPII: Discipleship in Community a. hope and charity.

Participation .b.

Our missionary vocation 2. Community-in mission 1. Intereligious dialogue .c.

prophetic and Kingly people . Priestly. d.

PCP II’s model of the Church 1. The Church is a Church of the Poor  To embrace and practice the evangelical spirit of poverty which combines detachment from possessions with profound trust in the Lord as the sole source of salvation .

and serving them and the needy precisely because they are most in need of help . To have special love for the poor by giving preferential attention and time to the poor.

. collaborate with them to raise them from their poverty. To be in solidarity with the poor.

: the Church must defend the rights of the poor and the oppressed. “ the Church cannot remain silent. even when doing so will mean alienation or persecution from the rich and powerful (PCP II 131) . To vindicate the rights of the poor especially by opposing those who discriminate against them  St John Paul.

 To empower. not just to evangelize. the poor to become evangelizers themselves (PCP II 132) .

consumerist. and stressed the pastoral priority of “active presence and participation of the poor in the Church. By proposing that the Church become a Church of the poor. and materialistic society common today.” . PCP II is clearly proclaiming an alternative lifestyle.  To become a Church of the Poor is really at the heart of following Jesus who proclaimed the Goodnews of justice and liberation for everyone  PCP II challenge: To become a Church of the poor not just in words but in real life. to the secular. a counter culture.

The Church is a community of families (PCP II 422)  Biblical image: household or family of God  Family share in the mission of the Church precisely as family.2. the domestic Church and to participate in the development of civil society .

3. It exists for the World . The Church is a community-in-mission The Church does not exist for itself for itself nor for the good of its members alone.

. They are hopes because their full realization is in the future. tasks. Essential Characteristics of the Church’s life  These characteristics are gifts. They are a gifts in the sense that God is ultimately their source. They are task because Christians and Christians communities have to work for them. hopes or promises.

God’s Spirit: the source of Unity. . The Church is ONE  Gift: One people of God. One body of Christ .

called to one hope. Preferential option for the poor) There is one body.  Unity is not uniformity: Unity in diversity . one God and Father of us all. Task: Unity is solidarity with one another as Christians ( ex. one faith. One Spirit in Christ. one baptism.

 Hope: When God finally unite all in all in the final Kingdom .

In the face of numerous sects and Churches. . we boldly affirm in faith that the Church is ONE.The Church is one 1. One living God in Three persons. First from His very source.

instituted the Eucharist which both signifies and effects the unity of the Church. The Church is one in her founder. Jesus Christ who redeem and unify the whole human race. hope and charity. prayed to the Father. That they may all be one”. united all by his commandment and mutual love. . poured the holy spirity through whom He calls the peopkle of the New Covenant into a unity of faith.2.

. The bonds of Church unity are clearly set forth in the Scripture. The Church is one in the confession of one faith received from the apostles. especially the sacraments and fraternal harmony of God’s family.3. Christians form one body and one Spirit. in common celebration of divine worship.

He is the Bishop of Rome. The Church of Christ (LG 8) . Peter. Peter and his successor: There is only one pope in the universal Church from the time of St. the visible head who governs the Catholic Church.4. A visible sign of unity through St.

same moral teachings Ecumenism-restoration of unity of the Christian Churches . Church Unity as a Task. same Mass.5.Same creed . same seven sacraments.preserving the faith and teachings through the magisterium.

The Church is Holy  Holy-Katad because it is “set apart to serve God  Gift: God makes the Church Holy .

A call to Holiness is the challenge to love and serve others  The Church is both Saint and sinner . Task: The Church has to grow in holiness which means both leaders and members are in need of constant renewal.

. Hope: The Church is a pilgrim church until the day when God make all things Holy in the fulfilment of the Kingdom.

Charity/love is the center of Holiness: Commandments of Love . The Holy Spirit graces her with the fullness of the means of salvation and holiness 3. A Paschal pilgrimage “ that all in the Church are called to Holiness. The Church is Holy 1. In faith. All members are called to Holiness 4. in a way that can never fail because of Christ. Task: Holiness is a process of growing. 2.

complete.The Church is Catholic  Catholic means: universal. all embracing  Understood more now as the interior capacity or exercising a universal ministry or reconciliation (CFC. 1403)  Inclusive  Gift: rooted in the all embracing love of God for human beings not a question of numbers but by direction .

 Task: The Church is sent to all people to be a sign of God’s universal love for all human beings. and culture. It involves mission and inculturation . respecting people.

resources. and customs of each people. Hope: fosters and takes to herself the abilities. she purifies. strengthens. and ennobles them. .

. Is sent to all peoples 4. 3. Abounds in every kind of virtue and spiritual gift. Possesses all saving truths. Is spread throughout the world.The Church is Catholic continues to teach everything that Christ taught and give witness to all that Christ is and did. 5. 2. Can heal all kinds of sins.

The Church is Apostolic  Gift: The Church is Apostolic because the Church has been founded through the apostles .

principle of collegiality . sanctifying. fellowship of service. governing and shepherding  Apostolic succession. Task: responsibility to witness Jesus through variety of means  Hierarchy: ministry of leadership in the Church.

 Hope: that all in all will live a life of obedience to the will of God .

The Church is grounded by Jesus Christ permanently on the foundation of the apostles .The Church is apostolic in three basic ways 1.

She guards and transmits their teaching and witness .2.

` 3. She continued to be instructed. . sanctified and guided by the apostles through their successors.