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Prepared for

Mr. ABDUL GHANI BIN ABD SAMAD


Prepared by
MUHAMMAD FAIZUDDIN BIN MOHD HASNATA
53105216039
KARANNRAJ A/L SELVARAJOO
53106116052
MUKESH KUMAR A/L SIVAKUMAR
53106116100
4HELI1
 Associated Aviation Flight 361 was a domestic chater
flight operated on 3 October 2013 by Associated
Aviation from Murtala Mohammed Airport, Lagos,
Nigeria to Akure Airport, Ondo State, also in
Nigeria. The aircraft operating this flight,
an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia, crashed shortly after
takeoff.
 The aircraft used for the flight was an Embraer 120
Brasilia, registered 5N-BJY. It was delivered to
Associated Aviation in May 2007.
 The aircraft was more than 23 years old.
Dimension EMB 120 Brasilia
LENGTH ( m ) 20.00
WINGSPAN ( m ) 19.78
HEIGHT ( m ) 6.35
WING AREA ( m square ) 39.43

Weight EMB 120 Brasilia


MT/OW ( kg ) 11500
Operating Empty Weight ( kg ) 7070
Max Payload ( kg ) 2930
Standard Fuel Capacity ( litre ) 3340
Performance EMB 120
Range with max payload ( km ) 1480
Cruise speed ( km/h ) 520
Max speed ( km/h ) 552
Max operating altitude ( m ) 9080
T/O field length ( m ) 1560
Landing field length ( m ) 1380
Powerplant Pratt and Whitney Canada 2 x 1800
hp ( PW 118 )

Cabin Interior EMB 120


Passenger ( 1 class ) 30
Economy seat pitch ( cm ) 79 – 84
Cabin length ( m ) 9.38
Cabin width ( m ) 2.10
Cabin height ( m ) 1.76
 The aircraft was conveying the body of former governor of Ondo
State Olusegun Agagu from Lagos to Akure for burial. It lifted off
from runway 18L of Murtala Mohammed Airport at about 09:32
local time (08:32 UTC). The crew received warnings from the
aircraft's aural warning system during the takeoff-roll and also
failed to make "V1" and "rotate“ calls; the aircraft then struggled
to gain altitude immediately after takeoff.Less than a minute
after lifting off, the aircraft impacted terrain in a nose-down-
and-near-90-degrees-bank attitude.
 Reports differ but according to the manifest the flight had 17
passengers and seven crew; four passengers and two crew
survived the accident but one of passengers later died in hospital.
Fatalities included relatives of Olusegun Agagu; and officials of
the Ondo State Government. An elaborate burial ceremony
planned for Agagu was postponed as a result of the crash
DATE 3th October 2013
Summary Impacted ground shortly after takeoff
Site Murtala Mohamed Airport , Lagos
Nigeria
Passenger 13
Crew 7
Fatalities 15
Survivors 5
Aircraft Type Embraer 120 Brasilia
Operator Associated Aviation
Registration 5N-BJY
Flight Origin Murtala Mohamed Airport Lagos
Destination Akure Airport Ondo State
 Before take-off, Pilot’s failed to improperly
configured flaps for takeoff.
 The report also reveals that the No. 1 engine
appeared to be working normally whilst the No. 2
engine produced significantly less thrust.
 Monitoring failure.
 Pilot professionalism.
 Remedial training.
 The flight pilot’s failure to monitor airspeed
in relation to the rising position of the low
speed of the flight.
 The captain’s failure to effectively manage
the flight.
 The flight crew’s failure to adhere to sterile
cockpit procedures.
 Software (The interface between people
and software)
 poor design check list for inspection before
flight. (Line Maintenance)
 Hardware (The interface between people
and hardware)
 inappropriate equipment (faulty indication of air
speed indicator)
 Environment (The interface between
people and the environment)
 Hectic situation because of First officer get a
panic attack. (Difficult to make decision by the
Captain)
 Liveware (The interface with other people)
 Relationship between Captain and First Officer.
(lack of support for control the aircraft)
 Malfunctions are not detected:
 Undetected the thrust produce by the both
engines.
 Abnormalities are ignored:
 Ignored the speed of the aircraft to prevent
stalling.
 The NTSB report failed to recognize the lack
of proper training as a root cause of the
accident:
 Stall Recovery
 Stick Shaker
 Warning light

 Crew lost situational awerness.


 Crew lack of sterile cockpit procedures.
 http://avherald.com/h?article=46961c3e
 http://www.avcom.co.za/phpBB3/viewtopic.
php?f=1&t=187191
 https://wikivisually.com/wiki/Associated_Avi
ation_Flight_361
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Associated_Av
iation_Flight_361#Accident
 https://web.archive.org/web/201310042228
29/http://www.ngrguardiannews.com/nation
al-news/134504-plane-crash-aborts-agagus-
burial-rites-in-akure-