Educational psychology

Education 
is the modification of behavior of an individual in a controlled environment.  is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character or physical ability of an individual  is the process by which the society deliberately transmit its accumulated knowledge, skills and values from one generation to another.

Etymological definition
Derived from the latin word ´educareµ w/c means ´bring upµ and ´ducereµ meaning to ´to leadµ

Psychology 
study of man and behavior processes w/c focuses on the individual as a unit of analysis  comes from the greek word ´psycheµ means soul and ´logosµ means ´scienceµ

Stages of psychology in the Philippines according to Enrique
a) Psychology in the Philippines -foreign theories and concepts were applied to foreign samples

c) Psychology of and for the a Filipinos
- foreign theories and concepts were use in psychological studies with Filipinos as subjects for researches

c) Philippine psychology
²was distinct in those Filipino

indigenous methods and was used in psychological investigations

Educational psychology 
is a systematic study of development of the individual within the educational settings  is the study of human behavior by w/c it can be understood, predicted and directed by education to achieve goals in life

Fields of specialization in psychology a)Clinical psychology
- is concern with the diagnosis and treatment of deep-seated emotional problems and behavior disorders( mental illness, family problems and juvenile delinquency

Counseling psychology
- addresses itself to the more common problems of social adjustment, vocational and career choice

Industrial psychology
- focuses on human behavior in industry.( employer - employee relations, employee selection, and motivation of workers)

Social psychology
- concerned with inter-group and intra-group behavior

Experimental psychology

- is a classification according to method

Developmental psychology
- emphasizes the process of human growth and development

Educational psychology
- focuses on the discovery of principles of psychology and their application to teaching and learning process

Uses of educational psychology 1) Curriculum development
- the lengthening or shortening of a curriculum and detertion of its content at all levels must have valid psychological foundations

2) Policy-making
- in a changing academe within a changing society policy-makers formulate sound educational policies

Determination of method of teaching
- any method used must take into consideration (individual differences of learners and teachers, nature of subject matter

Determination of course content
- learning is facilitated when what is going to be learn jibes with factors such as educational level and interest of learners

Measure and evaluation
- an important t functions of the school in general, and of the teacher, in particular in measurement and evaluation can prove helpful or detrimental to the learners if not the whole educational settings

Guidelines for classroom management
- management of the whole educational system can not be successful unless he draws from sounds psychological concepts theories or principles

Improvement of human relation in school
- educational psychology is in fostering a healthy interpersonal relationship among those involve in the learning process. It simply provides the educator with tools w/c he/she may choose from, to minimize if not prevented such problems.

Guidance purposes
- effective guidance is buttressed on theories of human behavior

Enhancement of communityschool relationship
- a community-school relatonship facilitative learning may be easier to achieve with the used of psychological principle such as those on perception, group behavior and motivation

Guidance for classroom management
- educational psychological is useful in approaching problems like those absences, tardiness, classroom misbehavior cheating and failures

Production selection of materials appropriate for a grade level of curriculum
- learning is maximized hen materials suit the grade level and curriculum of the learners and the principles of growth and development and individual differences are very useful in the selection of appropriate materials for a particular child or group

Methods of obtaining data in educational psychology 
Introspection - means to see within one·s self or self observation. It is the oldest method of all  Observation - literally means looking outside oneself

Two types of observation
a) Natural method -observation of specific behavioural and characteristics of subjects in natural settings and the subjects are not aware that they are being observed b) Participant method - the observer became the part of the group he/she wants to observe

Experimental method
- the most precise, planned systematic observation. It uses a systematic procedure called experimental design

Clinical method
- primarily used to correct detailed information on the behavioral problems of maladjusted and deviant cases the layout or design

Layout design or determination of the experimental are as follows: 
Selecting a research topic Formulating hypothesis Selecting an appropriate design Collect data

Cases study

- is the depth study that deals in education the following problems: 

Lack of interest in students  Aggressive behavior in students 

Day dreaming 
Poor academic performance