You are on page 1of 18

TRAINING REPORT

ON
NATIONAL THERMAL PLANT
CORPORATION

Presented By: NAVNEET KUMAR


ME 4TH Year
Sec B
Roll no. 1516140126
CONTENTS
ABOUT NTPC
INTRODUCTION TO GAS POWER STATION

• The gas turbine has following application


 Small size and weight per horse power.
 Rapid loading capability
 Moderate first cost
 No cooling water required
 Easy maintenance
 High reliability
 Waste heat available for combined cycle
application
 Low pollution Hazard
COMBINED CYCLE
• Combined cycle power plants integrates two
power conversion cycles namely.
1. Brayton cycle (gas turbine)
2. Rankine cycle (conventional steam power
plant)
The principal of these two cycle to increase
overall plant efficiency
Brayton cycle
• Gas turbine plant operate on brayton cycle in
which air is compressed & this compressed air
is heated combustor by burning fuel.
Combustion is allowed to expend the air in the
turbine and turbine is coupled with genrator
RANKINE CYCLE
• The conversion of heat energy to mechanical energy with the aid
of steam is carried out through this cycle
• The initial state of working fluid is water which, at a certain
temperature is compressed by a pump and feed to the boiler
• In the boiler the compressed water is heated at constant pressure
• Modern steam power plant have steam temperature in the range
of 500 to 550C at the inlet of turbine
HOW DOES A COMBINED-CYCLE POWER PLANT WORK

POWER GENERATION:
 Air Inlet
The amount of air needed for combustion is 800,000 cubic
feet per minute.
This air is drawn through the large air inlet section deaned,
cooled &controlled , in order to reduce noise.
 Turbine-Generators
The air enters the gas turbine where it is compressed ,
mixed with natural gas and ignited, which causes it to
expend. The pressure created from the expansion spins
turbine blades, which are attaches to a shaft and a
generator , creating electricity.
GAS TURBINE STARTING SYSTEM
• A typical hydraulic starting system for each gas turbine is
consist of
 Starting motor, electric AC induction motor
 Hydraulic torque converter
 Auxiliary gear
 Couplings
 The electric starting motor drive the hydraulic torque
generator through a coupling.
 The static frequency converter serves the same function of
starting, accelerating running at preset speed by starting
the generator as a synchronous motor by feeding variable
frequency current drawn from the connected grid.
TRANSMISSION OF GENERATED POWER ON TO THE GRID
TRANSFORMERS
• The transformer takes the generated 13,000 volts electricity
and convert it into 230,000 volts, which is the required
voltage needed to transmission to the nearby tower.

• The other auxiliary transformer near our society is placed,


which convert the high voltage into low voltage so that our
own pumps, fans, and motor can work correctly.
CONDENSOR AND COOLING TOWER
CONDENSER AND COOLING TOWER

• The purpose of the condenser is to turn low


energy steam back into pure water for use in
the heat recovery steam generator

• The purpose of the condenser is to cool


circulating water that passes through the
condenser.
SOLAR PLANT

TOTAL CAPACITY 5 MW

The total project capital cost is put at


Rs. 48.59 crore. Wipro limited has
designed the project over 26 acres of
land with in the premises of existing
NTPC Dadri plant
CONTROL ROOM
• From the control room , the plant operators monitor and
operate the facilities.

• The system gives operations both audiable and visual signals


to keep them informed of plant condition at all time.
Thank You