Eugen Goldstein coins the term "cathode rays" to describe the light emitted when an electric current was forced through a vacuum tube. . Figuier. 1876 Boston civil servant George Carey was thinking about complete television systems and in 1877 he put forward drawings for what he called a selenium camera that would allow people to see by electricity. this reveals the possibilty for inventors to transform images into electronic signals. and Senlecq were suggesting alternative designs for Telectroscopes. Late 1870s Scientists and engineers like Paiva.1831 Joseph Henry's and Michael Faraday's work with electromagnetism jumpstarts the era of electronic communication. 1873 Scientists May and Smith experiment with selenium and light. 1862 First Still Image Transferred Abbe Giovanna Caselli invents his Pantelegraph and becomes the first person to transmit a still image over wires.

" Soon after 1900. Bell's Photophone used light to transmit sound and he wanted to advance his device for image sending. George Carey builds a rudimentary system with light-sensitive cells. That is where Russian Constantin Perskyi made the first known use of the word "television. and Russian emigrant Vladimir Zworkin. . Inventors attempted to build mechanical television systems based on Paul Nipkow's rotating disks or Inventors attempted to build electronic television systems based on the cathode ray tube developed independently in 1907 by English inventor A. 1881 Sheldon Bidwell experiments with his Telephotography that was similiar to Bell's Photophone. advanced the electronic model. 1900 And We Called It Television At the World's Fair in Paris. 1884 18 Lines of Resolution Paul Nipkow sends images over wires using a rotating metal disk technology calling it the electric telescope with 18 lines of resolution.A. Campbell-Swinton and Russian scientist Boris Rosing. American Charles Jenkins and Scotsman John Baird followed the mechanical model while Philo Farnsworth. the first International Congress of Electricity was held. Two major paths in the development of a television system were pursued by inventors.1880 Inventors Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison theorize about telephone devices that transmit image as well as sound. working independently in San Francisco. Electronic television systems eventual replaced mechanical systems. the momentum shifted from ideas and discussions to physical development of television systems. working for Westinghouse and later RCA.

1907 Early Electronic Systems Campbell Swinton and Boris Rosing suggest using cathode ray tubes to transmit images. which he called an electric eye becomes the cornerstone for further television development. Zworkin later develops the kinescope for picture display (aka the reciever). The iconscope.First Mechanical Television System Lee de Forest invents the Audion vacuum tube that proved essential to electronics. Independent of each other. they both develop electronic scanning methods of reproducing images. Boris Rosing combines Nipkow's disk and a cathode ray tube and builds the first working mechanical TV system.1906 . . 1923 Vladimir Zworkin patents his iconscope a TV camera tube based on Campbell Swinton's ideas. The Audion was the first tube with the ability to amplify signals.

1924/25 First Moving Silhouette Images American Charles Jenkins and John Baird from Scotland. Human genius has now destroyed the impediment of distance in a new respect. Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover commented. Vladimir Zworkin patents a color television system. and in a manner hitherto unknown. 1926 30 Lines of Resolution John Baird operates a television system with 30 lines of resolution system running at 5 frames per second. ´Today we have. files for a patent on the first complete electronic television system. Department of Commerce conduct the first long distance use of television that took place between Washington D. 1927 Bell Telephone and the U. the transmission of sight for the first time in the world·s history. each demonstrate the mechanical transmissions of images over wire circuits.S. John Baird becomes the first person to transmit moving silhouette images using a mechanical system based on Nipkow's disk. which he called the Image Dissector .C. and New York City on April 9th. Charles Jenkin built his Radiovisor and 1931 and sold it as a kit for consumers to put together (see photo to right). in a sense.µ Philo Farnsworth.

which is a pure copper or copper-coated wire surrounded by insulation and an aluminum covering. The original L1 coaxial-cable system could carry 480 telephone conversations or one television program. The first regular installation connected Minneapolis and Stevens Point. the image quality was poor. 1933 Iowa State University (W9XK) starts broadcasting twice weekly television programs in cooperation with radio station WSUI. The first experimental coaxial cable lines were laid by AT&T between New York and Philadelphia in 1936. 1930 Charles Jenkins broadcasts the first TV commercial.1928 The Federal Radio Commission issues the first television station license (W3XK) to Charles Jenkins. L5 systems could carry 132. however. John Baird opens the first TV studio. 1929 Vladimir Zworkin demonstrates the first practical electronic system for both the transmission and reception of images using his new kinescope tube. The introduction of coaxial cable.000 calls or more than 200 television programs. The BBC begins regular TV transmissions. telephone. 1936 About 200 hundred television sets are in use world-wide. WI in 1941. . and data signals. By the 1970's. These cables were and are used to transmit television.

The BBC begins high definition broadcasts in London. . RCA's David Sarnoff used his company's exhibit at the 1939 World's Fair as a showcase for the 1st Presidential speech (Roosevelt) on television and to introduce RCA's new line of television receivers. Brothers and Stanford researchers Russell and Sigurd Varian introduce the Klystron.1937 CBS begins its TV development. 1940 Peter Goldmark invents a 343 lines of resolution color television system. Television was demonstrated at the New York World's Fair and the San Francisco Golden Gate International Exposition. some of which had to be coupled with a radio if you wanted to hear sound. It is considered the technology that makes UHF-TV possible because it gives the ability to generate the high power required in this spectrum. 1941 The FCC releases the NTSC standard for black and white TV. A Klystron is a high-frequency amplifier for generating microwaves. The Dumont company starts making tv sets. 1939 Vladimir Zworkin and RCA conduct experimentally broadcasts from the Empire State Building.

Although Goldmark's mechanical system was eventually replaced by an electronic system he is recognized as the first to introduce a broadcasting color television system. working for CBS.1943 Vladimir Zworkin developed a better camera tube called the Orthicon. viewers could come to the convention center to see broadcasts of operations. His system produced color pictures by having a red-blue-green wheel spin in front of a cathode ray tube. Reports from the time noted that the realism of seeing surgery in color caused more than a few viewers to faint. This mechanical means of producing a color picture was used in 1949 to broadcast medical procedures from Pennsylvania and Atlantic City hospitals. 1948 Cable television is introduced in Pennsylvania as a means of bringing television to rural areas. A patent was granted to Louis W. . 1950 The FCC approves the first color television standard which is replaced by a second in 1953. The Orthicon (see photo right) had enough light sensitivity to record outdoor events at night. Parker for a low-cost television receiver. One million homes in the United States have television sets. demonstrated his color television system to the FCC. In Atlantic City. 1946 Peter Goldmark.

1962 The All Channel Receiver Act requires that UHF tuners (channels 14 to 83) be included in all sets.1956 Ampex introduces the first practical videotape system of broadcast quality. 1962 AT&T launches Telstar. 1967 Most TV broadcasts are in color. It was proceeded by wired remotes and units that failed in sunlight. the first satellite to carry TV broadcasts broadcasts are now internationally relayed.Nixon debates. 1956 Robert Adler invents the first practical remote control called the Zenith Space Commander. . 1960 The first split screen broadcast occurs on the Kennedy .

125 Lines of Resolution NHK demonstrates HDTV with 1.1969 July 20. 1982 Dolby surround sound for home sets is introduced. the first home video cassette recorder. 1973 Giant screen projection TV is first marketed. 1972 Half the TVs in homes are color sets. first TV transmission from the moon and 600 million people watch. 1978 PBS becomes the first station to switch to all satellite delivery of programs. .125 lines of resolution. 1981 1. 1976 Sony introduces betamax.

In.1983 Direct Broadcast Satellite begins service in Indianapolis. 1993 Closed captioning required on all sets. 1986 Super VHS introduced. 1996 The FCC approves ATSC's HDTV standard. 1984 Stereo TV broadcasts approved. A billion TV sets world-wide. .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful