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STUDY !
Wave
The Wave
Using the Wave
Waves are natural phenomenon
Introduction A periodic disturbance
importantwhich travels
Equation
which
through
many The
are very
wave
phenomonEquation
a medium in from
velocity
because
oneare
is the
nature point
there are
in
actually a
Definition
Example
wave displacement
phenomenon. space Wetocomunicate
traveled
: A travelling the
by others.
wave of with
others
wavelength
the mostly
wave 0.6mthrough
in onemoves voice
second or
at a…….... sound.
speed The
of 3.0
Types of Waves Now you
sound
m/s. of
What know
up the period
isfrom =one0.6 person
m, v = 3.0
of this to
wave m/s
another
?
The amplitude
Can you is thethe
find maximum
frequency displacement
of this
Terminology of Wave person
Wave
of the through
motion
medium means
from theitsthe
waves. We position.
propagation
equilibrium listen
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radio and television WAVES Byisusing
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the wave to wave
waves
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wavelength
This is the answer a
()medium.
is the minimum distance
Wave Equation propagation,
between two points called The Electromagnetic
which
waveare in phase.
velocity
equation, (v)wave.
is
Wave
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(ƒ) is same
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number as the
complete
branch Mechanical
of Physics. waves Electromagnetic waves
Example & Exercises oscillations
other thiswaves.
wave made Many
is ??? in frequency
one second.
3.0 =and
of symptoms ƒ(0.6)assosiated
wavelength
Unit : Hz --i.e ƒ =we
bywhich 5.0 Hz
with the
Period Twave
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The period
understand
Transverse (T)
by
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studying
Longitudinal taken
properties
waves for of
one
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Wave Transverse
0.2 s to waves
v = ƒ
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frequency by T = 1/ƒ
Unit : s
Wave
1. What is the difference between
mechanical and electromagnetic
Introduction waves ?
2. Can you give some examples of
Definition electromagnetic waves ?

Types of Waves 3. What is the direction of the particle motion
in a transverse
Wave’s Aplication wave ?
More questions
Examples
4. Is sound a transverse or
longitudinal wave ?
Exercises
5. Is it correct that water waves do not
transmit energy from one
point to another ?
 A material medium is necessary for the transmission for
mechanical waves. Mechanical waves cannot travel through
vacuum.
 Due to elastic forces on adjacent layers of medium,
disturbance is transmitted from one layer to the next through
the medium.

Water waves, sound, vibration of spring, etc.
Click for
examples
And ... click

according to the direction of vibration, waves are also classified into :
(a) Transverse wave;
(b) Longitudinal waves.
 The waveform appears in the shape of sine curve.
 A wave in which the motions of the matter particles are
perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave itself.

Examples Water waves, pulse in a stretched
string,transverse wave demonstrator.
 A wave in which the motions of the matter particles are
in the same direction as the wave propagation.

Sound, or a spring oscillating up and down, etc.
Examples
Show magnetic longitudinal demonstrator
 Material medium is not essential for propagation.
e/m waves travel through vacuum.
 Disturbance of electric and magnetic fields travelling
through space.
 All electromagnetic waves are transverse waves.

X-rays, radio waves, micro-waves,etc. examples
Mechanical wave
Medium to
propagate Electromagnetic
wave
One demensional
Wave
Propagating
dimension 2-demensional
wave
WAVE 3-demensional
wave
Direction Transverse wave
Oscillation
Longitudinal
wave
Stationary wave
Amplitude
Travelling wave