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Quinton Yeard’e

PERSUASIVE WRITING

p25)  Counter argues (at least two sides to every story …)  Appears to Appeal to ’Reason-ability’ .the argument must make sense  Appeals to belief.”( Allen.the readers morals/values and sense of fairness . 1998.PERSUASIVE WRITING  “…seeks to get the reader to adopt a certain line of reasoning or to take a particular course of action.

As with all writing aspire to the 5 paragraph plan 1.THE PERSUASIVE ESSAY SHOULD 1. be in Standard English 2. not exceed 300-350 words 3.250 words) 3.(50 – 75 words) 2. Intro – 1 paragraph . Conclusion – 1 paragraph (50 – 75 words) . Body – at least 3 paragraphs (225 .

300 3.Developing Your Argument – 4 or 5 paragraphs of (50 – 75 words) each Section total 250. Body. Conclusion – reiterate your opinion. 1 paragraph (50 – 75 words) n. highlighting. restating your points that show/prove your opinion. Introduction – 1 paragraph (50 – 75 words) State your opinion i.ALWAYS PLAN YOUR WRITING 1. what you going to prove 1. 2.e.b your essay should subscribe to the 5 paragraph format .

THE PERSUASIVE ESSAY 1. And use . Allen (1998) suggests that the essay should “have appropriate supporting references  advantages and disadvantages  reasons and explanations  comparisons and contrasts  statistics and relevant authorities.

BE EFFECTIVELY ARGUED WITH THE USE OF 1. Litotes (understatement) 7. Repetition 3. Hyberbole(overstatement) 6. Specially constructed sentences 4. Puns . Irony and sarcasm 5. Rhetorical questions 2.

. write the number of words at the end .  BRAINSTORM.’ give your article a title and to state your name.write down on a sheet of paper  advantages and disadvantages  reasons and explanations  comparisons and contrasts  statistics and relevant authorities.AN EXAMPLE – 45 MINS  BACKGROUND‘  Write an article for your local newspaper in which you give strong arguments for or against the abolition of capital punishment.

1. Overstate the reality 4. Understate the reality If you have none of the above . repeat themselves 2. being ironic. Appear sarcastic 3. as in points repeating themselves in different ways. BRAINSTORM : FOR YOUR TOPIC WRITE ONE POINT IN EACH BOX Ad and Dis Reason Comparison Statistics and advantage and Explanation and Contrast Authoritative Opinion When you examine your points do any of your points 1. hyperbolic or ‘litotic’ RE DO STAGE 1 AGAIN Look back at your points again .

STAGE 2: CRAFTING = USE  Focus FOCUS focus  Now that you have points. what do they prove what opinion/point of view do they present.  The opinion that includes most of your points is the main idea of your essay and the strong opinion that you will use in your introduction  Use a main idea/opinion that includes at least 3 but no more than 5 of your points from your brain storming .

One main idea – your STRONG opinion – your acceptable preposition 2. ALWAYS PLAN YOUR WRITING 1. In 50 – 75 words state what your position is. and what your points are remember your introduction informs us specifically of what your points will prove/ develop in the body of the essay . This preposition is supported. proven by your points 3. . The more ‘provable’ your preposition the more persuasive your essay 4. Introduction in one paragraph 1.

NOW LET US DO STAGE 1  Brainstorm  Introduction  10 mins .

BRAINSTORM : FOR YOUR TOPIC WRITE ONE POINT IN EACH BOX Ad and Dis Reason Comparison Statistics and advantage and Explanation and Contrast Authoritative Opinion When you examine your points do any of your points 1. hyperbolic or ‘litotic’ RE DO STAGE 1 AGAIN Look back at your points again . Overstate the reality 4. as in points repeating themselves in different ways.1. being ironic. Understate the reality If you have none of the above . Appear sarcastic 3. repeat themselves 2.

However. in Jamaica. .Introduction. especially murders.SUGGESTED ANSWER Paragraph 1. There is an exceptionally high level of violent crimes. the reintroduction of capital punishment would not necessarily be a deterrent.

don’t make it up . Compare and Contrast – similarities and differences between points. specific . positions 4. Sources – .  Pros vs. Using Examples – stories/ anecdotes .relevant. using support. Cons 2. Developing the argument WHAT TYPE OF POINT ARE YOU USING 1.illustrates your point 5.  argument vs. 2. Reason  Explain. counterargument . the (grounds) reason for your position 3. Develop the argument in a balanced way.

Developing the argument ALWAYS PLAN YOUR WRITING Ad and Dis Reason Comparison Statistics and advantage and Explanation and Contrast Authoritative Opinion Argument vs. using Similarities and Sources – counterargument . Cons (grounds) reason for points. Pros vs. Explain. support. the differences between relevant. positions don’t make it up your position Balance Using Examples – stories/ anecdotes . specific . 2.illustrates your point Which three are you using ? For each point Devise topic sentences Supporting sentences Clincher sentence .

Sentence 2 S Sentence 3 S Sentence 3 Clincher Sentence Clincher Sentence . Sentence 2 S. Devise topic sentences Opinion 2. Supporting sentences Similarities and differences Sources – between points. 2. Clincher sentence Use eg. Developing the argument WRITE/DEVELOP YOUR PARAGRAPHS Comparison Statistics and For each point and Contrast Authoritative 1. anecdotes don’t make it up 10 minutes per paragraph Topic sentence Topic sentence Supporting Supporting Sentence 1 Sentence 1 S. positions relevant. 3.

” Paragraph 4 There may be other contributory factors.DEVELOPING THE ARGUMENT SUGGESTED TOPIC SENTENCE Paragraph 2 There have not been any hangings (the form of capital punishment used in Jamaica) for a long time. eg the Bible: “Thot shalt not kill/justice is mine. lack of educational opportunities. many stays of executions as a result of appeals to the Privy Council.’ says the Lord. Paragraph 3 Is capital punishment really justice. authorities. eg outcry by human rights organisations. . ég poverty. or revenge? Use statistics to show numbers of people affected On the other hand. or the influence of violence in the media and films which also need be addressed. Give reasons.

CONCLUSION AND REVIEW  Recommendations/suggestions based on your arguments  Do not introduce points that you did not explain in the essay  5 mins .

(1998). . REFERENCE Allan. L. A. Jamaica observer lecture series english with practice papers and answers . Kin. Jamaica Observer.

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