Save Tiger

Save The Biodiversity

Guided by :-

Presented by SnehaSahu & Samriddhi

KKpatel & A.Baxla

JAWAHAR NAVODAYA VIDYALAYA SARAIPALI, MAHASAMUND (CHHATTISGARH)
Save The Tiger ± Save The Biodiversity

Presented by

Guided by :KKpatel & A.Baxla

SnehaSahu & Samriddhi Shukla

Save The Tiger ± Save The Biodiversity

Aim :- To show that Save the tigers ± Save the
Biodiversity.

Required material:A plywood board Plaster of Paris Thermacoal sheet Drawing paper Some Toys of Animals

Presentation:What is biodiversity?
biodiversity stands for 'the multitude of animal and plant species'.

The biodiversity found on Earth today consists of many millions of distinct biological species. The year 2010 has been declared as the International Year of Biodiversity & year of Tiger

Why is biodiversity important?
Like other species, mankind and her environment depend on nature for countless matters. Food, water, and medicines for example, are ingredients taken from nature which we require in our daily lives. Especially in our food production, our dependence on nature is apparent

Biodiversity & Tiger
No Tigers = No Forests = No biodiversity =No clean Air & Water = No You & Me

Why save the tigers :1. Tiger Supports Livelihood 2. Tiger Protects Genetic Diversity 3. Tiger brings Rain 4. Tigers Prevent Climate Change 5. Tiger is a symbol of our National Pride a. National Pride b. Preserving nature¶s balance c. Ensuring our ecological security d. Preserving something irreplaceable e. Ethical reason

F. Role in food web Tiger is a perfect carnivore and feeds on a variety of wild animals.At times though it has been seen to feed on grasses for dietary fibre with the fruit of the slow march tree beingthe favourate .The diet a tiger usually consists of 35 to 90 pounds of meat in one sitting and if the hunt is not finished being eaten, the tiger returns to the carcass when it feels hungry. The tiger di et consists of the following that constitues portion of the tiger food web .

Tiger Food chain

be defined as process of the transfer of energy from one trophic level toFood chain can another through the process of eating and being eaten.The different members in each trophic level either act as predators or consumers and finally the decomposers set in to decompose the organic remains and return the elements to nature.There are different types of food chains like Tiger food chain in forest, grazing food chain, detritus food chain and parasitic food chains, aquatic food chains etc.

Constitutional Provisions

48A. Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life. The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country.

51A. Fundamental duties. It shall be the duty of every citizen of India (g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;

Reasons for Extinction

‡Deforestation & Habitat loss :Across all of Asia, vast forests have been cleared for agriculture. As forest space diminishes, tigers can't find the prey they need to survive. As a result, tigers have begun to eat the livestock belonging to villagers. Three sub-species have become extinct in the last 60 years - the Bali, Caspian and Java tigers. Nearly half of all wild tigers belong to the Bengal sub-species, found in India and several of its neighbors. .

Not Only a Tree is Cut Down

‡Poaching :tiger's coat sells for as much as $20,000 on the black market. Tiger bones, claws, eyes and even the whiskers command high prices for use in Eastern potions and elixirs. To fulfill the demand, the world's last tigers are being illegally trapped, poisoned and shot by the poachers and then smuggled across international boundaries. To protect their livestock villagers kill the tigers

For Medicines‡The demand for remedies made from tiger parts has increased due to increasing affluence in Asia, and laws preventing international trade in tiger parts are largely ignored. Hong Kong is the main importer of tiger products, with tiger bone the most used part. The bones are crushed to be used in antiinflammatory drugs for rheumatism and arthritis, amongst many other uses. The trade in tiger skins is also increasing Tigers are poached for their highly prized skins and body parts, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine

Climate Change
‡----The recent phenomenon of global warming is also considered to be a major threat to global biodiversity.[example coral reefs -which are biodiversity hotspots- will be lost in 20 to 40 years if global warming continues at the current trend An expected sea level rise of 28 cm above 2000 levels may cause the remaining tiger habitat in the Sundarbans to decline by 96 percent, pushing the total population to fewer than 20 breeding tigers, according to the study

‡Human activities are the principal cause of declining tiger numbers. Hunting was a
major cause of mortality in the past; both for trophies and as part of organised pest control measures

Effect on the Biodiversity
1 ).Tigers need extensive, intact landscapes and act as an umbrella species ² by saving tigers you save other plants and animals that share their range. 2 ).Tigers«are predestined by their perch at the top of the food web to be big in size and sparse in numbers. They live on such a small portion of life¶s available energy as always to skirt the edge of extinction, and they are the first to suffer when the ecosystem around them starts to erode.´ There are about 3,200 tigers left on Earth. Four species of tigers have already faced complete extinction, which leaves five species to be saved. Fortunately, the United Nations has named 2010 the ³Year of Biodiversity,´ and has created a list of ten critically important species that are to be watched closely during the next 12 months ² the tiger is number one on that list.

The 2010 Year of the Tiger will mark an important year for conservation efforts to save wild tigers, with WWF continuing to play a vital role in implementing bold new strategies to save this magnificent Asian big cat

Steps ,How to Save tigers
a)Protect forests:- In order to save tigers forests need to be protected. Apparently
the species are becoming extinct because of the loss of their natural habitat.

³Do not cut down the forest with its tigers and do not banish the tigers from the forest; the tiger perishes without the forest and the forest perishes without its tigers´ - Mahabharata, 400 BCE, Udyogaparva

b) Stop poaching

c) Awareness
‡Self Awareness ‡Society awarenss ‡By government

Self Awareness
1. Be well informed. 2. Be an ambassador for tigers: 3. Understand the roles of the Central and State Governments: 4. Be a watchdog 5. Use your social network: 6. Support conservation NGOs 7. Start a school outreach programme: 8. Use your core skills:. 9. Write letters to the editor: 10. Follow up:

Double or Nothing

Awareness by school Programmes
Some of the ways are:
a) Designing material: Use your creativity and imagination to spread the word for tiger conservation. Help us design: a) Posters b) Banners c) Wallpapers d) Screensavers e) Make short films f) Animated videos g) Original background tracks for videos h) Email your ideas to kkpatel@live.in b) Raising awareness amongst students The youth of today is the future of tomorrow. You can help us brighten our future by spreading awareness in schools and colleges. Form societies/nature clubs to support tiger conservation and organise talks/programs to spread the message further. Contact us and we will be glad to help you with the creative content you need to take your zeal forward

c) Short papers/articles on wildlife If you have a flair for writing and deep interest in wildlife and environment related issues, choose a theme for your article from the below mentioned topics: Personal experiences with tigers. Tourism for tigers- Does it work? Building local support for tiger conservation. Building political support for tiger conservation.(With a word limit of d) Assist in nature education 1,000 words) activities & camps Discover and appreciate the wonders of nature by helping our various state offices conduct nature camps and other nature education activities. These camps and activities strive towards sensitizing individuals towards nature conservation and environmental protection.

e) Work with local communities/in the field If you wish to work for tiger conservation on the grassroots level, you can help us with our activities in the various landscapes. This requires higher time commitment and flexibility to travel.

Buy stickers to Contribute

Kids Tiger Club J.N.V.Mahasamund

Kids Tiger Club J.N.V.Mahasamund Kids Tiger Club J.N.V.Mahasamund

Kids Tiger Club J.N.V.Mahasamund

Kids Tiger Club J.N.V.Mahasamund Kids Tiger Club J.N.V.Mahasamund

Create awareness
Society awarenss ‡Effective communications -Harness communication resources to educate and engage key audiences and mobilize multi-sector support for tiger conservation 'Save the Tiger' campaign .Use computers , tv , To spread the message of save the tigers .Some net sources are ..
www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/savetiger www.saveourtigers.com/ projecttiger.nic.in/whyshouldwesavetiger.htm save-tiger.blogspot.com/ -

By government

‡Project Tiger -In the late 1960s, Guy Mountfort, an English conservationist and a founder of World Wildlife Fund (now called World Wide Fund for Nature), was able to convince Prime Minister Indira Gandhi that the status of the tiger was so precarious in India that urgent steps had to be taken to pull it back from the brink of extinction. ‡ Tiger Reserves- Initially, 9 Tiger Reserves were created under Project Tiger. Today, there are 38 Tiger Reserves in 17 states. For more information on Project Tiger, visit http://projecttiger.nic.in/ ‡Constitutional Provisions 48A. Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life.²The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country.

Hello Indians«. This is Navodaya tiger kids club«Request to all of you that being a human being, it is our moral duty to save the treasure of the earth«.trees, animals and all.. TIGER yes our national animal is on risk«they are so beautiful and innocent but they are only 1411 in numbers becoz of us«WAKE UP and do your co-operation to save them«.otherwise we and our future generation will can see them in only books«. GOD WILL NEVER FORGIVE US«.spread this message and save our treasure«.

Save Tigers Save Human Beings Save Our Environment

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I am thankful first respected KKpatel & A.Baxla Madem who inspired me to make Save the Tiger Project , Which I really enjoyed doing .Thanks are also due to respected,SkPradhan sir, V.K.Patel Sir who created interest in me & constantly encouraged me to do this project I am most thankful to our Principal madam Manju Sharma , I wouldn¶t have been able to complete the project without their valuable guidance . Mention must be made of my friend pooja who tirelessly helped me in completing the work. Prepared by Sneha Sahu & Samriddhi

References
"Wild Tiger Conservation". Save The Tiger Fund. http://www.savethetigerfund.org. http://www.indianjungles.com/090805d.htm http://animal.discovery.com/videos/animal-face-off-lion-vstiger.html. http://www.worldwildlife.org/tigers/ecology.m. http://www.tigerhomes.org/animal/curriculums/caspian-tigerpc.cfm. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/informat ion/Panthera_tigris.html http://www.iucn.org/reuters/2000/eeurope.html. "National Symbols of India". High Commission of India, www.wwf.india.org/savethetiger Kothari, Ashok S. & Chhapgar, Boman F. (eds). 2005. The Treasures of Indian Wildlife. Discoveries cd`s natural resources & conservation Encyclopaedia, science Flaura & Fauna

some photos during making model

save tiger model.MPG

Photo Gallery

Tiger
Conservation status Endangered (IUCN 3.1)[1] Scientific classification Kingdom: Phylum: Class: Order: Family: Genus: Species: Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Felidae Panthera P. tigris Binomial name Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758)

6 interesting facts about tiger
1. Most tigers have more than 100 stripes, and no two tigers have the same stripes. 2. A tiger marks its territory by spraying trees and bushes (contained inside the territory) with its urine, and also leaves deep scratches on tree trunks. 3. One averaged sized tiger can eat up to 60 pounds of meat at a single time! 4. A tiger·s canine teeth can grow up to three inches long, easily capable of crunching through the spine of any creature on Earth: like a warm knife through butter. 5. A tiger eats around six kilos of meat per day, but can go as long as a week without a meal. 6. A tiger·s saliva is antiseptic, and comes handy when a tiger cleans its wounds wounds.

Tiger Endangered Species
Tigers are one of the Earth's fastest disappearing species. At the beginning of this century there were about 100,000 wild tigers. Today there are less than 2,500! Originally, there were nine subspecies of tiger - 3 of which are now extinct. The 6 remaining tiger species: Amur (Siberian) , Malayan, South China, Indo-Chinese, Royal IndoBengal and Sumatran all have very shaky futures.

Tiger
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Prepared By sneha & samriddhi

Guided By:By:K.K.Patel TGTTGT-Science JNVJNV-Saraipali