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PARTS OF THE BODY AND

HEALTH PROBLEM
Base Competence : Once you have
completed this topic, you’ll be able to
ask and express the location of pain in
the body and do diagnosing
One of the first things you need to know when working in English is
parts of the body (the internal and external body parts). You will also
need to learn their functions.
Commonly, there 1.brain,scalp,hair,face,
are 5 parts of forehead,eyes,nose,
body, we called “ mouth,lips,teeth,ears
Head to Toe “. tongue,throat,cheeks,c
They are : hin,jaw,neck.
1. Head 2.Collar bone,chest,
2. Upper Body breasts,nipples,ribcage,
stomach,waist,navel,
heart,lungs,back,spine.
3. Upper Limbs
(arms) 3.shoulders,armpit,hand,
triceps/biceps,elbow,
wrist,forearm,fingers,
thumb,fingernails.
Index finger,middle finger,ring finger,little finger.

4. Lower Body 4.hips,penis(male),


vagina(female),
buttocks,intestines,
bladder,liver,kidneys,
uterus.
5. Lower Limbs 5.thigh,knee,shin,calf,
(Legs) ankle,foot,toes,little
toe,big toe,toenails.
Some key words to express aches, pains
and other health problems.
VERB ADJ. NOUN
-to have -sprained -an ache
-to ache -stiff -a pain
-to hurt -sore -a bruise
-to throb -painful -a rash
-to itch -dizzy -a cut
-to irritate -fainted -a scar
-to injure -injured -a swelling
-a graze
-a sting
-a bite
PATIENT’S EXPRESSIONS ABOUT
SYMPTOMS AND PHYSICAL PROBLEMS

I Have a ………..+ ache


I have a toothache
I have a headache
I have a stomachache/ bellyache
I have got a tummy ache
I have a backache
I have a sore ……
I get ……
I feel ……
I have a sore I feel dizzy
throat I feel sick
I have a sore foot I feel clammy
I have a sore arm I feel unwell
I have a sore knee I feel in bad shape
I get the measles
I get the flu
I get a cold
I get a fever
I Experience ………
I Suffer from ……..
I Sprained my ……..(bones problems)
I experience lassitude
I experience low back pain
I experience difficulty in breathing
I suffer from cancer
I suffer from constipation
I sprained my ankle
I sprained my broke
I sprained my collarbone
I sprained my leg
Pain(n) , Hurt(v), injure(v),
Throb(v), Painful(adj.), and itch(v).
I have chest pain.
My ankle is still too painful to walk on.
I hurt my elbow. Strong light hurts my
eyes.
She injured herself during training.
My head throbbed after watching TV.
I itch all over
Useful Expression
Would you show me the location of your
pain?
Can you point at the location of your pain?
Show me where the location of your pain
is?
Where is the pain?
Is it (your pain) in your (part of body)?
Do you feel pain in your (part of body)?
Listening
Case: a patient hospitalized with recurrent abdominal pain
complains about his pain

Patient : Nurse, help me. I have (1)………….


Nurse : Your stomach hurts?
Patient : Yes, nurse.
Nurse : Would you (2)……………….? Is it in the lower
part or in upper part of your stomach?
Patient : It’s in the upper part. It’s here.
Nurse : is it a burning pain that gets worse when
you bend over?
Patient : Yes, nurse. (3)…………….when I bend over.
So what’s happening?
Nurse : You (4)………………But let’s consult to your
doctor
Patient : Thanks nurse.
HEAD
Inside the head is the ….., which is
responsible for thinking. The top of a
person’s ….. is covered with ….. Beneath
the hairline at the front of the ….. is the
….. Underneath the forehead are the …..
for seeing, the ….. for smelling, and the
….. for eating. On the outside of the
mouth are the ….., and on the inside of
the mouth are the ….. for biting and the
….. for tasting. Food is swallowed down
the ….. At the sides of the face are the …..
and at the sides of the head are the …..
for hearing. At the bottom of a person’s
face is the ….. The ….. is located on the
inside of the cheeks and chin. The ….. is
what attaches the head to the upper body.
UPPER BODY
At the top and front of the upper body, just
below the neck is the …… On the front side
of the upper body is the …., which in
women includes the …… Babies suck on
the …… of their mother’s breasts. Beneath
the …. are the …. and the ….. The …..,
more commonly referred to as the …….., is
located here as well. On the inside of the
upper body are the ….. for pumping blood
and the ….. for breathing. The rear side of
the upper body is called the ….., inside
which the ….. connects the upper body to
the lower body.
LOWER BODY
Below the waist, on left and right, are the
…… Between the hips are the reproductive
organs, the …… for male and the ……. for
female. At the back of the lower body are
the ……… for sitting on. They are also
commonly referred to as the ……….. or the
…… for children. The internal organs in the
lower body include the …….. for digesting
food, the …….. for holding liquid waste, as
well as the …….. and the ……. This area
also contains the woman’s ……., which
holds a baby when a woman is pregnant.