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SUBJECT : SHIP STRUCTURE AND PRESENTED BY : SHINE BABU

CONTRUCTION
4302
FACULTY : PRAMOD K B BTECH SEM 4

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THE DEFINITION OF MARINE
POLLUTION IS ADDING OF TOXINS
AND HARMFUL CHEMICALS INTO THE
OCEAN NOT ONLY IS IT CHEMICAL
ADDED TO THE OCEAN BUT THING
SUCH AS PLASTICS ARE FOUND.

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TORRY KANYAN SUPER TANKER WAS
SHIPWRECKED OFF THE COAST OF CORNWALL,
ENGLAND IN MARCH 1968. THE SPILLAGE WAS OVER
100000 TONES OF CRUDE OIL .
THIS INCIDENT WAS THE MAJOR REASON FOR THE
MARPOL 73 CONVENTION.
AMACO CADIZ OIL SPILLAGE

VLCC AMACO CADIZ RAN AGROND ON


PORT STALL ROCKS FROM THE COST OF
BRITTANY, FRANCE ON 16 MARCH 1978.
219797 TONS OF CARGO +4000 TONS OF
OIL WERE SPILLED INTO THE SEA.
THIS WAS THE REASON FOR 78
CONVENTION.
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TO STOP SUCH MARINE POLLUTION AND SAVING
OVER OCEANS AND OCEAN ANIMALS FROM
POLLUTION THE INTERNATIONAL MARITIME
ORGANISATION(IMO) INTRODUCE A
CONVENTION FROM PREVENTING POLLUTION .

MARPOL 73/78
Adoption: 1973 (Convention), 1978 (1978 Protocol),
1997 (Protocol - Annex VI); Entry into force: 2
October 1983 (Annexes I and II).

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The Convention includes
regulations aimed at
preventing and minimizing
pollution from ships - both
accidental pollution and that
from routine operations - and
currently includes six
technical Annexes. Special
Areas with strict controls on
operational discharges are
included in most Annexes.
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Annex I Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil.
Annex II Regulations for the Control of Pollution by Noxious Liquid
Substances in Bulk

Annex III Prevention of Pollution by Harmful Substances Carried by


Sea in Packaged Form

Annex IV Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships


Annex V Prevention of Pollution by Garbage from Ships

Annex VI Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships

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Annex I- Regulations for the
prevention
of pollution by oil

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Annex I- Regulations for the prevention
of pollution by oil

POLLUTED BY : ALL SHIPS

POLLUTED FROM: CARGO TANKS OF OIL TANKERS AND MACHINERY


SPACES OF ALL THE SHIPS

CERTIFICATION : INTERNATIONAL OIL POLLUTION PREVENTION


CERTIFICATE (IOPPC)

CAUSES OF OIL POLLUTION


1) STRANDING
2) COLLITION
3) IMPROPERLY SET SEA VALVE
4) LOADING AND UNLOADING
5) TANK WASHING
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REGULATIONS OF DISCHARGE OIL
WE CANNOT DISCHARGE OIL IN THIS SPECIAL AREAS :

1) MEDITERRANEAN SEA

2) BLACK SEA

3) RED SEA

4) GULF OF ADEN

5) ANTARTIC AREA

6) BLASTIC SEA

7) GULFS AREA

8) OMAN AREA OF ARABIAN SEA

9) WIDER CARIBBAN REGION

10 )SOUTH OF SOUTH AFRICA WATERS


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Annex II - Regulations for the control of
pollution by noxious liquid
substances (NLS) in bulk

liquid bulk cargo (all in ths. tons)


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Annex II - Regulations for the control of pollution by noxious
liquid substances (NLS) in bulk

POLLUTED BY : CHEMICAL TANKERS

CERTIFICATION : CERTIFICATE TO CARRY – cat ‘a’, cat


‘b’, cat ‘c’, cat ‘d’ type of chemicals.

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Annex III - Regulations for the prevention of
pollution by harmful substances
carried by sea in packaged form

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Annex III - Regulations for the prevention of
pollution by harmful substances
carried by sea in packaged form

POLLUTED BY : DRY CARGO SHIPS

THERE ARE VARIOUS TYPE OF CONTAINERS CARRYING DIFFERENT


SUBSTANCES SUCH AS EXPLOSIVES, OXIDIZING,POISONOUS,RADIOACTIVE,
AND CORROSIVE TYPES.

INTERNATIONAL MARITIME DANGERS GOODS CODE(IMDGC) SET OUT THE


PRECAUTIONS AND THE CATEGORIES INTO THE WHICH SUBSTANCES SHOULD
BE DIVIDED.

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Annex IV - Regulations for the prevention of
pollution by sewage from ships

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Annex IV - Regulations for the prevention of
pollution by sewage from ships

SHIPBOARD SEWAGE POLLUTION SOURCES :

1)DRAINAGE AND OTHER WASTES FROM ANY FORM OF TOILETS AND URINALS
2)DRAINAGE FROM MEDICAL PREMISES
3)DRAINAGE FROM SPACES CONTAINING LIVING ANIMALS

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Annex V- Regulations for the prevention of
pollution by garbage from ships

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Annex V- Regulations for the prevention of
pollution by garbage from ships

GARBAGE PLAN
EVERY SHIP ABOVE 100 grt /15 PERSONS OR MORE TO HAVE :

1) A GARBAGES MANAGEMENT PLAN


2) A GARBAGES DISPOSAL REGISTERS
3) AN OFFICER NOMINATED TO CARRY OUT THE GARBAGE
4) MANAGEMENT PLAN
5) EQUIPMENTS
6) MAINTANANCE RECORD OF EQUIPMENTS

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Annex V- Regulations for the prevention of
pollution by garbage from ships

GARBAGE’S ARE TO BE GROUPED IN TO CATEGORIES AS :

1) PLASTICS
2) FOOD WASTES
3) DOMESTIC WASTES
4) COOKING OIL
5) INCINERATOR ASHES
6) OPERATIONAL WASTES
7) CARGO RESIDUES
8) ANIMAL CARCASS
9) FISHING GEAR
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Annex VI - Regulations for the
prevention of Air
Pollution From
Ships

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Annex VI - Regulations for the
prevention of Air
Pollution From Ships

POLLUTED BY : ALL SHIPS

EMITTED FROM : SHIP ENGINES & INCINERATORS.


TWO TYPES OF GASES ARE NITROGEN
OXIDES( NOX) ANDSULPHUR OXIDES (SOX)

CERTIFICATION:INTERNATIONAL AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION


CERTIFICATE (IAPPC).

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BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT
PLAN

In order to reduce the harmful effects on


the marine environment that are spread
through aquatic micro organisms
transferred from one area to another
through ballasting operations of the ship,
the International Maritime Organization
(IMO) adopted a convention in order to
control and manage ships ballast and
sediments ion on 13th February 2004.
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