Aivs
Detdet
Group 6
Raniel
Whil
1.7 Your boss announced that the speed of the company Boeing 737 is to be cut from 525 mi/hr to 475 mi/hr “to conserve fuel”, thus cutting consumption from 2200 gal/hr to 2000 gal/hr. How many gal are saved in a 1000mi trip?
Solution:
2200 gal hr
=
x

hr 525 mi
x
1000 mi
4190.48 gal
=
=
No gas was saved!
4210.53 gal
20.05 2000 gal hr
gal
x
hr 475 mi
x
1000 mi
1.23 The velocity in a pipe in turbulent flow is expressed by the following equation: Where τ is the shear stress in N/m2 at the pipe wall, ρ is the density of the fluid in kg/m3, u is the velocity, and k is a coefficient. You are asked to modify the equation so that the shear stress can be introduced in units of τ’ which are lbf/ft2, and the density be ρ’ in lbm/ft3 so that the velocity becomes ft/s. Give the final equation in terms of u’, τ’ and ρ’ so a reader will know that AES units is used. Convert:
u(τ,ρ)
u(τ ’,ρ ’)
Solution:
τ N m2
=
τ’ lbf x 1 ft2 ft2 122 in2 101325 Pa 1 atm
x
1 atm 14.7 lbf in2
x
=
47.87 τ’ N/m2
Solution:
τ N m2 ρ kg m3
=
47.87 τ’ N/m2 ρ’ lbm ft3
x
=
1 ft3 30.483 cm3
x
x
1003 cm3 1 m3
1 kg 2.2 lbm
=
16.05 ρ’ kg/m3
Solution:
τ N m2 u’ ρ kg m3
1/2 =
k 47.87 τ’ 16.05 ρ’
=
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
a) How much blue vitriol (CuSO4.5H2O) crystals must be added to 2 L of water at 30oC. b) Calculate the volume of solution formed/m3 of water used at 30oC. c) Find the composition of the solution in mol%, Vol%, Molarity, molality, Normality. Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
a) How much blue vitriol (CuSO4.5H2O) crystals must be added to 2 L of water at 30oC.
Solution:
2L
=
x
1000 mL 1L
x
.996 g mL
1992 g water
Mass of water = 1992 g Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
a) How much blue vitriol (CuSO4.5H2O) crystals must be added to 2 L of water at 30oC.
Solution: Let z = mass of CuSO4.5H2O
0.20 = z
=
z 1992 + z 498 g of CuSO4.5H2O
Mass of CuSO4.5H2O = 489 g Mass of water = 1992 g Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
b) Calculate the volume of solution formed /m3 of water used at 30oC. VolSol’n = 2.075 x 103 m3 Solution:
VolSol’n
=
2481 g 1 cm3 1 mL
x
x
x
1 mL 1.2 g 1 m3 1003 cm3
=
2.075 x 103 m3
Mass of CuSO4.5H2O = 489 g Mass of water = 1992 g Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
b) Calculate the volume of solution formed /m3 of water used at 30oC. VolSol’n = 2.075 x 103 m3 Solution:
Volwater
=
2000 mL 1 cm3 1 mL
x
x
1 m3 1003 cm3
=
2 x 103 m3
Mass of CuSO4.5H2O = 489 g Mass of water = 1992 g Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
b) Calculate the volume of solution formed /m3 of water used at 30oC. VolSol’n = 2.075 x 103 m3 Solution:
VolSol’n
=
2.075 x 103 m3 2 x 103 m3
=
Volwater
1.0375
Mass of CuSO4.5H2O = 489 g Mass of water = 1992 g Density of water at 30oC = 0.996 g/mL Density of 20% CuSO4 solution = 1.2 g/mL
6. It is desired to prepare an aqueous solution containing 20% by weight CuSO4.
c) Find the composition of the solution in mol%, Vol%, Molarity, molality, Normality.
Solution:
n CuSO4 = 498 g x mol = 3.120 mol 159.608 g n water = 1992 g x mol = 7.978 mol 249.684 g %mol = 3.120 mol x 100 = 28.11% 11.098 mol %vol = (498g x cm3 x mL ) x 100 = 6.92% 3.6 g 1cm3 2000 mL Molarity = 3.120 mol / 2 L = 1.56 mol/L molality = 3.120 mol / 1.992 kg = 1.57 mol/kg Normality = (gram equivalent weight) / L of sol’n = (3.120/1) / 2 L = 1.56 N
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