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 Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch

of engineering and science that includes mechanical
engineering, electronics engineering, computer science, and
 Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation, and
use of robots, as well as computer systems for their
control, sensory feedback, and information processing.
 These technologies are used to develop machines that can
substitute for humans and replicate human actions. Robots can be
used in any situation and for any purpose, but today many are used
in dangerous environments (including bomb
detection and deactivation), manufacturing processes, or where
humans cannot survive.
 Robots can take on any form but some are made to resemble
humans in appearance. This is said to help in the acceptance of a
robot in certain replicative behaviors usually performed by people.
Such robots attempt to replicate walking, lifting, speech,
cognition, and basically anything a human can do. Many of today's
robots are inspired by nature, contributing to the field of bio-
inspired robotics.
The Contents
What is Embedded system?

Why Embedded system.

Characteristics of embedded system

Application of embedded system

What is embedded system

• Any CPU based system other than general purpose computers are
referred as embedded Systems.

• Embedded Systems are specific purpose computers, which performs a

well defined single task.
Embedded Voice-over
Devices IP Gateways
Devices Thin Clients
Set-Top Boxes

Digital Audio
Receivers and Players

Handhelds Medical Devices
Smart Displays
Embedded system

 There are Environments where the general purpose computers

system are not really getting into the act

For example:
AC has a temperature control sub-system
It is not viable to use a PC’s there for achieving task
Characteristics of Embedded system

• Designed to run a specific program all the time. There exist no second
program to be loaded.

• Real-time & Reactive

• Constrained System

Constrains such as memory , performance , throughput , response time, size ,

cost etc..
Applications of embedded system
• Telecommunication
Cable modem , LAN cards , Bridges , Routers , Gateways ,
Cell Base-station etc…

• Defense
RADAR Control , SONAR control , Mobile Radio , Missile Launchers/
Trackers / Trappers , Guided missiles , Aircraft controls etc…

• Consumer Electronics
Washing machine , Microwave oven , Cell phone,Video Game Player , Digital
camera etc…

Pick-Place , CNC machine , Plotter , Printer , IC Fabricator etc..