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Intrepretation of Magnetic Anomal

y : Indirect Interpretation
Kelompok 1
Gacca Permata Syurga 03411740000003
Roby Zidni Ilmawan 03411740000004
Pranata Setiawan 03411740000018
Jeremy Reviel Karo Karo 03411740000034
Indirect Interpretation

Indirect interpretation of magnetic anomalies is similar to gra

vity interpretation in that an attempt is made to match the observe
d anomaly with that calculated for a model by iterative adjustmen
ts to the model. Simple magnetic anomalies may be simulated by
a single dipole.

Such an approximation to the magnetization of a real geologi
cal body is often valid for highly magnetic ore bodies whose dire
ction of magnetization tends to align with their long dimension (F
ig. 7.18).
The magnetic anomaly of most regularly shaped bodies can b
e calculated by building up the bodies from a series of dipoles par
allel to the magnetization direction (Fig. 7.19).

The poles of the magnets are negative on the surface of the bo

dy where the magnetization vector en-ters the body and positive
where it leaves the body.

Consider one of these elementary magnets of length l and cro
ss-sectional area dA in a body with intensity of magnetization J a
nd magnetic moment M. From equation (7.5)

If the pole strength of the magnet is m, from equation (7.4) m=M/

l, and substituting in equation (7.15)

If dA’ is the area of the end of the magnet and q the angle bet
ween the magnetization vector and a direction normal to the end f

Thus pole strength per unit area

Jcosq (7.17)


Magnetic anomalies are not produced by continuous sills or l

ava flows.Where, however, the hori-zontal structure is truncated,
the vertical edge will produce a magnetic anomaly (Fig. 7.20).

In two-dimensional modelling, an approach similar to gravity
interpretation can be adopted in which the cross-sectional form o
f the body is approximated by a polygonal outline. The anomaly
of the polygon is then computed by adding or subtracting the ano
malies of semi infinite slabs with sloping edges corresponding to
the sides of the polygon (Fig. 7.21).

In the magnetic case, the horizontal ∆H, vertical ∆Z and total
field ∆B anomalies (nT) of the slab shown

where angles are expressed in radians, Jx (=Jcosi) and Jz (=Jsini)

are the horizontal and vertical components of the magnetization
J, α is the horizontal angle between the direction of the profile an
d magnetic north, and I is the inclination of the geomagnetic fiel
d. 9

Based on Fig. 7.15. It can be shown that two-dimensional magnetic i

nterpretation is much more sensitive to errors associated with variation a
long strike than is the case with gravity interpretation; the length–width
ratio of a magnetic anomaly should be at least 10 : 1 for a two-dimension
al approximation to be valid, in contrast to gravity interpretation where a
2 : 1 length–width ratio is sufficient to validate two-dimensional interpre
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