Learning with the Web 2.

0 The Encyclopedia of Life
Anwar Us Saeed (TU-Graz) Alexander Stocker (Know-Center)

http://www.know-center.at
© Know-Center - gefördert durch das Kompetenzzentrenprogramm

Overview

Web 2.0 and Learning Web 2.0 Applications Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)

Content Stake-holders Technologies

Learning with the EOL Wikipedia vs EOL Conclusion
September 2007 © Know-Center

2
http://www.know-center.at

Web 2.0 and Learning
Web 2.0 describes change web is currently going through

Social phenomena, users interweave their social processes with the web, new types of knowledge structures Vast growth of web, emergence of new types of collaborative technologies

Users change role from mainly consuming information to actively participating in the creation of content New Rising tools and technologies including content syndication, semantic annotation, richer user interfaces are tempting social interaction Social entities act as ressource for collaborative knowledge where web in total can be seen as a collaborative learning 3 environment
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Web 2.0 and Learning
Entry barriers of Web as learning medium

User interfaces Access to knowledge pools

Collaborative Content Creation

Niche communities emerge, voluntariliy conducted knowledge transfer

New types of interactions possible through folksonomies and semantic annotation and social bookmarking

Finding users with similar interests

Self directed collaborative learning
September 2007 © Know-Center

4
http://www.know-center.at

Web 2.0 Applications
Everybody knows...

Wikis (wikipedia.com) Blogs (readwriteweb.com)

Social Bookmarking (del.icio.us, mrwong.com)
Social Networking (xing.com, myspace.com, facebook.com) Mash-Ups (housingmap.com) ...

Technologies have come to mature stage, where we can think about the aggregation of knowledge at the higher degree
September 2007 © Know-Center

5

http://www.know-center.at

Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)
Desire to understand life forms on our planet is not new

Genome project; first species page in 1990

EOL will be a comprehensive knowledge repository for the domain of life sciences (1.8 million species) Wish from E.O. Wilson at Ted Conference

„I wish that we will work together to help create the key tool that we need to inspire preservation of Earth's biodiversity: the Encyclopedia of Life. ” EOL will contain a summary of everything known about the species’ genome, proteome, geographic distribution, phylogenetic position, habitat, ecological relationships, and, not least, its perceived practical importance for 6 humanity.
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)
EOL Vision can be realized now, because Necessary consortium and Cornerstone Institutions brought together(Sposors: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation , Alfred P. Sloan Foundation )
Biodiversity Heritage Library  The Field Museum of Natural History  Harvard University  Marine Biological Laboratory  Missouri Botanical Garden  Smithsonian Institution ... and growing

Global serious concern about rapid detoriation of ecological/ biodiversity system Maturity of necessary technologies

7
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Encyclopedia of Life (EOL), a gigantic effort
EOL plans to collect and gather data from diverse ressources in one platform

Attemts to provide an environment/ platform for fostering future research Gathering data of future developments as feedback from the scientists

Knowledge already known about species is available in pieces in different forms and ressources

8
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Encyclopedia of Life (EOL), a gigantic effort
To collect and present information which caters for the vast and diverse group of stackholders ranging from a school boy to hightech research institutions and laboratories. Affords flexible and end-user focused information architecture which can be viewed in three blocks

Aggregation Authentication Atomization

9
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Aggregation Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)
Whole structure of EOL linked by species name, which is the only field common in all biological databases Aggregation will bring all the pieces of information from diverse resources and will use technologies ranging from OCR to the APIs of data providers Semantic Technologies are used for disambiguation and reconsiliation of terms while conducting machine based aggregation of data from diverse ressources
September 2007 © Know-Center

10

http://www.know-center.at

Authentication Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)
EOL will secure involvement of scientist and scientific institutions that are established experts on each species
Semantic Wiki-like environment will be provided for the scientists so that data on each topic can be validated by the specialist of the respective field

Learner will have authoritative information Scientist may use EOL for their research

EOL can shape the future of scientific publishing

11
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Atomization Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)

Ontology based technologies structure represent the data in customized forms

Novice and expert views on the species pages

Modules for atomization are developed as open source APIs and data mining facilities will be provided to the scientists and laboratories
September 2007 © Know-Center

12

http://www.know-center.at

13
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

14
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Learning with the Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)

Four disrcete content representations engage learners from school to expert level
Interfaces for mobile devices allow field studies Web Services

15
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Wikipedia vs EOL
„A comprehensive reference work containing articles on a wide range of subjects or on numerous aspects of a particular field, usually arranged alphabetically”
(dictionary.com | American Heritage Dictionary)

Both claim to be Encyclopedias but differing in their goals

Wikipedia aims to be a widespread base of knowledge EOL aims to be focused to gather all ressources in the domain of biology, creating comprehensive base of knowledge

Wikipedia covers breath of knowledge, articles are numerous but often missing detailed level In EOL articles will be on a consistently detailed level, covering the depth of the topic and will be current
September 2007 © Know-Center

16

http://www.know-center.at

Wikipedia
Encyclopedia for everyone Grown encyclopedia, using phenomenon of mass authoring to the area of content creation Everybody may contribute to every subject regardless of expertise in that field Suitable for providing an overview

vs

EOL
Encyclopedia for everyone with partial content copyright issues

Content aggregated from diverse established ressources
Content will be authenticated by the scientists Comprehensive knowledge repository for all discovered knowledge on biology Can be future publishing 17 platform for the scientific community http://www.know-center.at

Usage for scientific purposes are limited, validity is lacking
September 2007 © Know-Center

Wikipedia
Lack of workflow for quality assurance

vs

EOL
Well defined workflow for information quality assurance

Quality of content inconsistent and can be easiliy vandalized

Validation of content by experts

Lack of personalization features

Personalization features

Bulk of content has to be browsed every time

End Users are facilitated to organize content in the form they want (myEOL)

Multimedia content is scarce

Presentation in an esthetically pleasing way with vast multimedia support

18

http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Wikipedia
Lacks in current technologies including tagging, content syndication, ajax and semantic technologies Dump of whole Wikipedia

vs

EOL
Set of technologies is very broad ranging from OCR to APIs and semantic wikis

EOL provides sophisticated technologies for mining, reuse and mash-up Smart semantic search mechanisms (taxonomic intelligence)

No Semantic Technologies in Search

19
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Conclusion
EOL is well planned and revolutionary using latest web technologies
Services will be available on a global basis Learners will profit from a comprehensive knowledge pool To make the content freely available to learners will be a crucial milestone (copyright issues)

Success of EOL (wiki-like environments) depends on critical mass of authors and articles which EOL has well planned involving necessary stake-holders

20
http://www.know-center.at

September 2007

© Know-Center

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful