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Foundations

Introduction to Government & Political Science
Today we:
1) Discern the difference between Nation & State
2) Learn and practice the SEE-I Know it critical thinking method
Four Key Terms & how they are used in this course

●Nation
●State

●Government

●Regime

Today we:1) Discern the difference between Nation & State
2) Learn and practice the SEE-I Know it critical thinking method
Today we:1) Discern the difference between Nation & State
2) Learn and practice the SEE-I Know it critical thinking method

Country:

Nation:
State- CHARACTERISTICS Sovereignty
1.

2.

3.
4.

5.

6.

7.
State: Formal definition by Max Weber
 A series of institutions that maintain a monopoly of violence over a
territory. It relies on sovereignty and power.

 DISCUSS: What do you think of this definition? What does it mean? Is it s
decent definition?

Your thoughts/class thoughts:
Today we:1) Discern the difference between Nation & State
2) Learn and practice the SEE-I Know it critical thinking method

Nation-State
 State is:

 “Geopolitical” means:

 Nation is:

 The term "nation-state” implies:
Today we:1) Discern the difference between Nation & State
2) Learn and practice the SEE-I Know it critical thinking method

What does this mean?
 1) A STATE can have more than one NATION
 EX: Canada/ Quebec- Canada is the official state but The French Canadians consider
themselves a separate “nation”

 2) A NATION can exist in more than one STATE
 EX: The Kurds are a “nation” divided up between the states of Turkey and Syria

 3) A NATION can exist without a STATE
 EX: Palestine is a nation within one state (Israel) and Native American Tribes are
several nations within one state (The USA)

 What issues result from these examples?
Today we:1) Discern the difference between Nation & State
2) Learn and practice the SEE-I Know it critical thinking method
EX: The United Kingdom of Also known as:
Great Britain and Northern ●The UK

Ireland ● England

● Britain

Consists of Four “nations”
1) England
2) Scotland
3) Wales
4) Northern Ireland
Ethnicity
77% English
15% Scottish/Welsh/NI
5% Pakistan/Black/Indian
Today we:1) Discern the difference between Nation & State
2) Learn and practice the SEE-I Know it critical thinking method

SEE-I Know it!
● See-I know it! Is a critical thinking technique used
1) To help students articulate the understanding of important concepts
2) To assess student understanding of important concepts
Follow this format:
●S= State the simple definition. This should be 1-2 sentences.
●E= Elaborate on the definition. This should be 2-3 sentences of expansion on
the definition of the concept with further details.
●E= Exemplify. This should be where the student NAMES AND EXPLAINS a
SPECIFIC EXAMPLE of the concept.
●i= Illustration. This should be a written analogy, a political cartoon or graphic
organizer that shows a clear understanding of the concept.
SAMPLE: Nation
 S- Nation is an ethnic term relating to a group of people unified by common characteristics.
 E- A group of people is considered a “nation” when they identify with one another by one or
more of the following: Identity, Unity, Language, Ethnicity, or Race. This group of people may
or may not have a functioning government and may or may not have a geographic territory
they are sovereign over.
 E- An example of a “nation” would be the nation of Palestine. The Palestinian people are
unified by common language, ethnicity and race. They have a governing body, however, they
are not sovereign, but rather live in pockets throughout Israel specifically along the Gaza strip.
Like many nations of people without an official state, they desire their own territory and
autonomy from Israel. The result of this has been decades of conflict between the Palestinian
people and the Israeli government.
 I-