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STRUCTURAL VIBRATION CONTROLLER FOR

SMART STRUCTURES
B Hariharan(EE15B1006) & Zaya Gopinathe (EE15B1029)

G u i d e : D r. T. V i n o p r a b a
CONTENTS

 Introduction
 Objectives
 Literature survey
 Research methodology
 Simulation
 Conclusion
 References

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INTRODUCTION
• Structural vibrations are inevitable
and mostly undesirable.
• It is necessary to keep them with
specified limits.
• Smart Structures play a pivotal
role in the control and damping of
structural vibration.

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A FLEXIBLE STRUCTURE

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APPLICATIONS
 stand-alone Sensor

 Active noise control (ducts)

 Vibration control (machines)

 Aerospace applications

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STRUCTURAL VIBRATION CONTROLLER FOR SMART STRUCTURES
RESONANT CONTROLLERS FOR
SMART STRUCTURES
 This paper proposes a special type of co-located feedback controllers
for smart structures.

 The controller consists of parallel combinations of high-Q resonant


circuits in which each resonant circuit is tuned to a pole.

 The experimental setup (one sensor-actuator pair + one actuator for


disturbance, beam) is implemented in dSPACE platform.

*H R Pota ,” Resonant controllers for smart structures”, INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS


PUBLISHING, Smart Materials and Structures, 11,1, 1–8, 2002.

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ACTIVE VIBRATION CONTROL THE MODELLING AND
OF A SMART CANTILEVER DESIGN OF A BEAM
 This presents the modelling and Design
 In this paper, direct output feedback of a Beam on which PZT patches are
based active vibration control has been bonded on the top and bottom
surface as Sensor/Actuator collocated
implemented on a cantilever beam
pair is presented.
using lead zirconate-titanate (PZT)
 This uses Active Vibration Control (AVC)
sensors and actuators.
using Proportional Integral Derivative
 Three PZT patches were used in the (PID) Controller.

experimental setup. One as an exciter,  The beam is assumed as Euler-Bernoulli


another as sensor and other as beam. The two PZT patches are also
treated as Euler-Bernoulli beam
actuator. elements.
 The implementation is done in  It concludes that best result is obtained
LabVIEW platform when the PZT patches are bonded near
the fixed end.

*Saurabh Kumar, “ACTIVE VIBRATION CONTROL OF SMART


*A.P. Parameswaran, “Active Vibration Control of a Smart PIEZO CANTILEVER BEAM USING PID CONTROLLER”,
Cantilever beam on General Purpose operating System”, International Journal of Research in Engineering and
Defence Science Journal, 63, 4, 413-417, 2013 . Technology , 03, 01, 2014.
STRUCTURAL VIBRATION CONTROLLER FOR SMART STRUCTURES 7
RESONANT CONTROL OF
STRUCTURAL VIBRATION
Charge-driven
 The experimental implementation of a
multivariable resonant controller with charge
driven actuators on a piezoelectric laminate
cantilever beam.

 This setup uses charge amplifiers to reduce the


hysterical nature of the piezoelectric actuators.

*S. O. R. Moheimani, “Resonant Control of Structural


Vibration Using Charge-driven Piezoelectric Actuator”, 43rd
IEEE Conference on Decision and Control December 14-17,
2004.

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STRUCTURAL VIBRATION CONTROLLER FOR SMART STRUCTURES
MOTIVATION
BEHIND THE
PROJECT
 Structural health monitoring in
building and vibration damping.
 Precision while conducting
experiments in controlled
environment.
 Everyday mechanical noise control.

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OBJECTIVES
• To design a type of co-located
feedback controller for smart
structures and study its
performance
• To control and damp structural
vibration in smart structures
• To study and verify the stability of
the designed control structure.

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METHODOLOGY
• Selection and design of suitable
controller
• Selection of ‘R’
• Multiple resonant mode controller
• Model of the cantilever beam

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MODEL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL SETUP

PZT SENSOR
SMART CANTILEVER BEAM

PZT PZT
ACTUATOR EXCITER

BASE

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EQUATION FOR FORCED
VIBRATION CHARACTERISTICS

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SOLUTION

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EQUATION OF MOTION
FOR REGULAR BEAM
ELEMENT

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EQUATION OF
MOTION OF PIEZO
ELEMENT

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VALUES

STRUCTURAL VIBRATION CONTROLLER FOR SMART STRUCTURES


PIEZOELECTRIC STRAIN
RATE SENSORS AND
ACTUATORS

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SENSOR
EQUATION

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SENSOR OUT

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ACTUATOR
EQUATION

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DYNAMIC
EQUATION

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EQUATION OF
MOTION AND
SENSOR OUT

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RESULTS

Figure 1 Figure 2

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COMSOL BEAM AND PIEZO MODEL

The model performs :

 Power output as a function of


vibration frequency
 Power output as a function of
electrical load
 Dc voltage output as function of
acceleration

2 D model of sensor(piezoelectric bimorph) with beam


Figure 3

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Figure 4 Figure 5

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REFERENCES
 A.P. Parameswaran, “Active Vibration Control of a Smart Cantilever beam on General
Purpose operating System”, Defence Science Journal, Vol. 63, No. 4, pp. 413-417, 2013.

 H R Pota ,” Resonant controllers for smart structures”, INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING,


Smart Materials ansd Structures, Vol.11, 1 , pp.1–8, 2002.

 Saurabh Kumar, “ACTIVE VIBRATION CONTROL OF SMART PIEZO CANTILEVER BEAM USING
PID CONTROLLER” , International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, Vol.
03, 01, 2014.

 S. O. R. Moheimani, “Resonant Control of Structural Vibration Using Charge driven


Piezoelectric Actuator”, 43rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, December 14-17,
2004

 B. Bandyopadhyay, T.C. Manjunath, M.Umapathy “Modelling, control and implementation of


smart structures” , Monograph 2007.

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STRUCTURAL VIBRATION CONTROLLER FOR SMART STRUCTURES
THANK YOU

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