GeoEye High Resolution Imagery Solutions for Alaska SDMI

Tara Byrnes GeoEye Byrnes.tara@geoeye.com 703-480-4602 Statewide Digital Mapping Initiative Imagery Workshop
SDMI Imagery Workshop

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SDMI Imagery Workshop

GeoEye Agenda
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ GeoEye Overview Questions Answered Final Thoughts Questions

SDMI Imagery Workshop

to directly task. measure and monitor the world SDMI Imagery Workshop . including Barrow and Fairbanks.Alaska. aerial and geospatial information Core Capabilities ± 3 remote-sensing satellites ± 3 aircraft with digital mapping capability and LiDAR ± Advanced geospatial imagery processing capability ± World¶s largest satellite image archive: > 350 million sq km ± International network of regional ground stations. receive and process high resolution imagery ‡ GeoEye delivers high quality satellite imagery and products to better map.Overview ‡ ‡ GeoEye is a leading producer of high resolution satellite.

What we do ‡ Tasking of two HiRES Satellites ‡ Large archive of HiRES imagery available for search and discovery ‡ Deliver solutions to satisfy a wide variety of mapping and analysis applications ‡ Respond to specific customer requirements with custom tasking and collection SDMI Imagery Workshop .

SDMI Questionnaire Questions Answered SDMI Imagery Workshop .

and operations centers in Virginia and Colorado ‡ Rapid collection. Alaska. storage and archive. production.Available Sensors ‡ Two currently operating. and access and delivery SDMI Imagery Workshop . including communications uplink/downlink stations in Barrow and Fairbanks. IKONOS® and GeoEye-1 ‡ Substantial existing global ground segment ‡ Four distinct ground terminals. downlink processing. highly capable commercial remote sensing satellites.

GeoEye-1 ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ GeoEye-1 launched on September 6.000 square kilometers (sqkm) of panchromatic imagery (350. 2008 Next-generation satellite with the highest resolution and most advanced collection capabilities of any commercial imaging satellite GeoEye-1 offers unprecedented spatial resolution by simultaneously acquiring 0.0 terabits of data on its solid-state recorders SDMI Imagery Workshop .000 square kilometers in multi-spectral) in a single day.41meter panchromatic and 1.64-meter multispectral imagery Imagery from the panchromatic and multispectral sensors can be merged to create 0.5 meter color imagery (pan-sharpened) products It can collect 700. downlink imagery in real-time to ground stations. and can store 1.

82-meter resolution and multispectral imagery with 3.28-meter resolution Imagery from the panchromatic and multispectral sensors can be merged to create 0.IKONOS ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ World¶s first commercial satellite to collect black-and-white (panchromatic) images with 0. IKONOS has a revisit time of once every three days and downlinks directly to more than a dozen ground stations around the globe SDMI Imagery Workshop .82-meter color imagery (pan-sharpened) IKONOS has collected more than 320 million square kilometers of imagery over every continent From a 423-mile high orbit.

3 km 80-gigabits 700.65 m @ nadir 1 Pan / 4 MSI Pan = 450±800 nm MSI 1 (B) = 450±510 nm MSI 2 (G) = 510±580 nm MSI 3 (R) = 655±690 nm MSI 4 (NIR) = 780±920 nm Imaging Bands Spectral Range Bits/Pixel Minimum Image Size Time Delay Integration Best GSD @ nadir 11-bits/pixel 121 sqkm 32 stages (selectable) 0.000 sqkm 15.2 km 1-terabit Geolocation Mono: CE90 w/out external GCPs Stereo: CE90 / LE90 w/out external GCPs <15 meters 10 meters / 10 meters <5 meters 4 meters / 6 meters Duration Design Life Expected In-service Life SDMI Imagery Workshop 5 years 10 years 7 years 10 years .5 NIIRS 4.000 sqkm 300.Performance Parameter Orbital Altitude Inclination Orbit Duration Equatorial Crossing Time IKONOS GeoEye±1 681 km 98.82 meters 11-bits/pixel 231 sqkm 64 stages (selectable) 0.41 meters 5.1° / sun sync 98 minutes 10:30 am 681 km 98.000 sqkm 11.41 m @ nadir MSI = 1.2 m @ nadir 1 Pan / 4 MSI Pan = 526±929 nm MSI 1 (B) = 445±516 nm MSI 2 (G) = 506±595 nm MSI 3 (R) = 632±698 nm MSI 4 (NIR) = 757±853 nm Pan = 0.82 m @ nadir MSI = 3.000 sqkm 350.1° / sun sync 98 minutes 10:30 am 3 days 60 degrees Revisit at best NIIRS Off Nadir (Terrestrial) Imaging 3 days 60 degrees Image Quality Spatial Resolution Pan = 0.5 Collection Capacity Daily Pan Area Daily MSI Area Swath Width @ nadir On-Board HSSU Capacity (store & dump) 300.

100 sqkm for GeoEye1).000 sqkm for IKONOS and 5. total capacity is quite large ‡ Combined capability up to 650.Capacity ‡ IKONOS and GeoEye-1 both are built to ³paint´ a target area ‡ Based on the average scene size each can collect (4.000 square kilometers per day in multispectral mode and even more area in panchromatic only SDMI Imagery Workshop .

IKONOS Bi-Directional Scanning SDMI Imagery Workshop .

GeoEye-1 Bi-Directional Scanning SDMI Imagery Workshop .

each satellite will orbit the earth approximately 15 times per day with 3-4 passes per day over Alaska SDMI Imagery Workshop . ground processing. sun-synchronous orbit. and quality assurance ISO 9001:2000 certification provides a foundation to control and measure performance against these factors GeoEye-1 delivers NIIRS 5.7 imagery and IKONOS delivers NIIRS 4.5 imagery This constellation affords the SDMI access to a high capacity constellation with global access to virtually any location on the Earth Operating in a polar.Quality and Access ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Two key points to satisfy the SDMI requirements (to be defined) Image quality is essentially dependent on three factors: sensor performance.

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5 meter. but requires more accurate terrain models and ground control Perfect product for projects requiring high-resolution and medium-scale accuracy when ground control can be costly and/or very difficult to acquire. and pan-sharpened(color) GeoProfessional meets an accuracy specification of 15-meters CE90 at 1 meter and 10-meters CE90 at 0. green. 4-band multi-spectral (red.Product Offerings ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ GeoEye recommends our GeoProfessional product at 10-meter CE90 Ortho-rectified using proprietary processes perfected in our production facilities and optimized for the data collected by both sensors Available in two levels of accuracy allowing delivery of the most suitable and precise terrain corrected color products Precision level product is available in a key areas at 4-meters CE90. Available in both 8-bit and 11-bit Both sensors have the unique capability to do same pass stereo collection. blue and near-infrared). such as in many parts of Alaska Available in multiple band combinations: panchromatic. which allows for both images in the pair to be collected at the same time maintaining consistent environmental conditions in both images Stereo products are so accurate that they suitable for use as control for other sensor data in remote Alaska areas ‡ SDMI Imagery Workshop .

Applications ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Land Management Environmental Analysis Land Classification Change Detection Emergency Response Disaster Management Aviation Safety SDMI Imagery Workshop .

Horizontal Accuracy ‡ Native Horizontal Accuracy: GeoEye-1 image accuracy is 5-meter CE90 (5. IKONOS image accuracy is 2-meter CE95 and GeoEye1 is 1-meter CE95. but operational tests show actual performance is 7meter CE 90 (8-meter CE95).7-meter CE95). These image accuracies are at nadir. With suitable GCP. and thus. RPC data is provided with Geo and Stereo products at no extra cost Improved Horizontal Accuracy: GeoEye image accuracy can approach the accuracy of the applied ground control. exclude terrain displacement due to DEM errors ‡ SDMI Imagery Workshop . IKONOS image accuracy is specified at 15-meter CE90 (17-meter CE95). limited only by pixel resolution.

we space ground control approximately every 50 km down the length of each image strip Control points located in the strip overlap areas reduce costs. however. for the Precision products.Horizontal Control Distribution ‡ As control is only necessary for the 4-meter CE90 product. GeoEye can obtain ground control points (GCP) or accept them as Customer Furnished Information(CFI) We do not. GeoEye does not anticipate the need for ground control points to meet Alaska SDMI objectives However. anticipate needing GCP for the GeoProfessional orthoimage products we propose to deliver for the current requirements ‡ ‡ ‡ SDMI Imagery Workshop .

DEM Requirement ‡ To achieve the SDMI specification of 1:24.000 NMAS (12. GeoEye would require a DEM of 19meters LE90 or better SDMI Imagery Workshop .2 meters CE90).

would depend on the size of the ortho-image and on the necessity to re-collect for cloud cover patching SDMI Imagery Workshop . they have a deep knowledge and understanding of SDMI needs ‡ GeoEye can also provide ortho-mosaic imagery directly to the SDMI ‡ The production time.Ortho-Mosaic Production ‡ GeoEye leverages a strong network of partners all over the globe ‡ Specifically in the state of Alaska. there are partners on which we would rely to assist with the ortho-image production ‡ These partners have not only production knowledge and many years of experience with IKONOS data and now GE-1 data. regardless of who processes.

Re-Visit SDMI Imagery Workshop .

or 16.500 sqkm per minute for large area collects A 1.000 sqkm are collected on said pass With three to four passes per day over Alaska.900 sqkm per minute.Swath Width ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Nadir swath width for IKONOS is 11.655 sqkm per 1. so just over 6. GeoEye-1 will collect over 20.45 minutes.300 sqkm per day.000 sqkm per day IKONOS averages 1.2 km for GeoEye-1 Collect large areas.3 km. such as Alaska.000 km long pass takes 2.000 km pass. SDMI Imagery Workshop . in one-degree (112km) long strips IKONOS and GeoEye-1 can each collect three to four strips per pass Adjacent strips are collected to facilitate tonal balance during ortho-mosaic generation GeoEye-1 averages 2. and 15. 4.

and deliver imagery to our customers to meet stringent timelines GeoEye-1¶s electronic image delivery worst case scenario is 2 hours 20 minutes from collection to delivery Our Antarctic ground station uniquely enables GeoEye to provide this timely and flexible downlink service. Alaska. With access to this Antarctic ground station. that will be leveraged for the SDMI SDMI Imagery Workshop ‡ ‡ ‡ .Rapid Delivery and Ground Receiving Station Options ‡ ‡ ‡ Network of ground stations strategically located around the world to command and control our spacecraft Responsive direct downlink and rapid imagery processing and dissemination Ground station placement is optimized to afford maximum opportunities to downlink. process. we are able to download and start processing imagery instead of waiting for the sensor to complete a full orbit of the Earth before downloading Ground stations in Barrow and Fairbanks.

300 sqkm per day from IKONOS with 20. however.000 sqkm per day from GeoEye-1 (Alaska) Clouds are.4 million sqkm in the 150-day season by combining 16. significant during the collection season in Alaska After accounting for clouds. feasibility analysis shows it will take 791 inseason days to collect mainland Alaska Some of the outlying islands may take two years to collect because of poor weather conditions SDMI Imagery Workshop .Production Volume ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ GeoEye can collect 5.

sizes. shape files. sun angles and viewing geometry). Geographic Information Systems. spectral bands. delivery component layout. high-bandwidth communication links We provide a direct uplink and downlink capability to customers with the necessary receiving and processing capabilities. and specialized systems Multiple formats including industry standard GeoTIFF. as well as National Imagery Transfer Format (NITF) Versions 2. and product file descriptions (file names.1. We deliver our data ready for ingestion and use by standard commercial exploitation software.0 and 2. etc. license file. order parameters (area of interest. Shipped with a text metadata file. JPEG overview image and JPEG world file Shapefiles show area of interest (AOI). Firewire.Delivered Products ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ We complete delivery of raw imagery and/or ortho-products by several modes ranging from physical electronic media (DVD. and coordinate system). as well as through dedicated. and coverage) SDMI Imagery Workshop .) to File Transfer protocol (FTP). source image description (acquisition date. and source image footprints with acquisition geometry The metadata text file includes GeoEye contact information.

GeoEye will work very closely with the SDMI members to address licensing needs that are mutually satisfactory Alaska has already purchased a fair amount of monoscopic and stereo IKONOS data that could be re-licensed for an uplift fee in such a way to allow for use across the state and data could be re-processed to meet the specifications of the SDMI The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) has identified the state of Alaska as a priority for collection on the new GeoEye-1 satellite GeoEye is open to discussing with Alaska and the NGA how we may leverage this collection to meet the SDMI needs. such as a ³Non-commercial Unrestricted´ license that allows unlimited distribution (uplift factor to consider in this scenario) Once requirements are determined. Options include ensuring the state¶s collection priorities are met.Licensing and Pricing ‡ ‡ As the requirements for the SDMI have not been fully realized. GeoEye will be very flexible with pricing and licensing to best suit SDMI budget and product needs Very open to considering other license types. and/or licensing the NGA-collected data via uplift for SDMI use ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ SDMI Imagery Workshop .

licensing. we wish to emphasize that we can work with SDMI and our partners to identify priority areas to collect and process GeoEye will support developing a license and pricing model that works for all parties ‡ SDMI Imagery Workshop .Licensing and Pricing Cont¶d ‡ ‡ ‡ We consider project size and other factors that allow us to provide the best possible value for the SDMI We will work through our strong allegiance of partners and/or directly with SDMI to deliver the best products. and pricing If the SDMI finds exploring pricing for the entire state an overwhelming prospect.

SDMI Imagery Workshop .

SDMI Imagery Workshop .

SDMI Imagery Workshop .

SDMI Imagery Workshop .

the satellites comprising the GeoEye constellation meet SDMI requirements for imagery type. and geographic access ‡ The GeoEye constellation will deliver a robust selection of resolutions. frequency. and revisit opportunities on each satellite ‡ Both IKONOS and GeoEye-1 have the ability to collect sub-meter imagery ‡ Multiple vehicles for delivery and support to include our network of partners here in Alaska ‡ Future imaging capability with GeoEye-2 SDMI Imagery Workshop . quality. capacity. imaging bands.Summary ‡ Collectively.

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