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Concepts Development

Done By: Asma Ebrahim

EDU 1803 Fund of Teaching Math and Science
Concept development
• Concepts are the building blocks of knowledge
• Example of using theory: One to one correspondence, Counting,
Classifying and Measuring.
• Preprimary period, children learn and begin to apply concepts basic
to both mathematics and science.
• Young children can grow and develop physically, socially, and
• Babies explore the world with their senses by touching and hearing.
• Children are free for exploring and experimentation of the first two
• Children in preprimary period learn exploration and organizing data
to answer the question.
Jean Piaget's View of How
Children Learn and Develop
• People build their knowledge by attaching new experience, resulting
and conceptualization.
• Jean Piaget identified four periods of cognitive development:
Sensorimotor period (from birth to about age 2)
• Children in the first period are explorers; they need opportunities to
use their sensory-motor abilities to learn basic skills and concepts.
• The children on the end of period start develop the concept of object
permanence, object recognition, and representational thought.
• Primary children can operate, independent of their self and record
more information.
Jean Piaget’s View of How
Children Learn and Develop
Preoperational period (from2 to 7)
• It referred to as pre-concert, and the language starts developed
• Children also use typical behavior in their representational play.
• The important of preoperational children is centration, lack of
reversibility, conservation, seriation, and classification or sorting.
Jean Piaget’s View of How
Children Learn and Develop
The third period called concrete operations(from7 to 11)
• The children are becoming more and more skilled at retaining the
original picture in mind.
• The Children are becoming more conservers.
• The Children are ready to deal with abstract symbolic activities.
Jean Piaget’s View of How
Children Learn and Develop
The final period is formal operations(from 11 to adulthood)
• children can learn to use the scientific method independently.
• The children begin to understand abstract concepts and to attack the
conceptual problem
• The children deal with the systematic manner and solve a logical
Vygotsky’s View of How Children
Learn and Develop
• Vygotsky believes that people developed on mental tools, ways of
cooperating, communicating and thinking.
• Vygotsky’s view, writing, and numbering were also essential to sign
• Piaget looked that development comes from children mainly by discovering
but Vygotsky believes that development of children internal and external
factors interacted to produce new thoughts.
• Vygotsky developed an alternative concept known as the zone of proximal
development which means the child can evolve independently and with
the adult.
• Teachers must identify each student’s ZPD and provide developmentally
appropriate instruction.
• Many educators find that a combination of Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s views
provides a foundation for instruction that follows the child’s interests and