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Design of

curricuum
SUBJECT BASED
What is curriculum?

 All the learning which is planned and


guided by the school, whether it is carried on in
groups or individually,
inside or outside the school
something's form and
structure
(Microsoft® Encarta® 2009)
Design
way something is made
(Microsoft® Encarta® 2009)
Curriculum Design
REFERS TO THE STRUCTURE OR THE ARRANGEMENT OF THE
COMPONENTS OR ELEMENTS OF A CURRICULUM
 This model focuses on the content of
the curriculum.

 The subject centered design


Subject- corresponds mostly to the textbook
written for the specific subject.
Centered
Curriculum
 The subject centered curriculum is based on subject
Subject-  All knowledge is transferred to student through the
subjects.
Centered  Subject centered curriculum assign the greatest
Curriculum importance to subject matter rather than to the
students
 It consists of having students in
classes for one subjects at a time such as
mathematics for 45 minutes, science for 45
minutes.
 Mastery of the subject matter is the central task
Objectives  To transfer cultural heritage
of subject  To represent knowledge
centered
 To impart information
curriculum  Questions focus on "what" rather than "how" or
"why."
 A textbook is the primary instructional tool
Common  The breadth of the subject-centered
curriculum is determined by the number of
Feature subjects taught.
 Each subject has three characteristics:
1. a unique body of content
2. its own intellectual discipline (e.g.,
scientific method, historical method, etc.)
3. its own pattern for organizing the content.
 Subjects are clearly defined and
distinguished.
Students like it , they are used to it and it
fits their idea of what school should be.

What students learn , they learn well.

Advantage
This approach is efficient in a field in
which resources for staff development
are limited.
 Teachers wouldn’t be able to innovate their
Drawbacks teaching style to help students learn in a creative
way

of subject  Students simply memorize what they need to know


in order to pas a test , instead of actually learning it.

centered  Teachers are teaching the students to think inside


the box in order to pass the exams
curriculum  Ignores interest of students• No process of insight
or thinking
 Rote memory
 Neglects social problems and demands
 Passive learning
 Students in history should learn the subject
Examples of matter like historians, students in biology
shoul learn how biologist learn, and so with
Subject- students in mathematics should learn how
mathematicians learn.
centered
 The discipline design model of curriculum is
curriculum ofte
used in college

 Discipline becomes the degree program.


A diagram of
this design is
as follows: