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Water Conservation & Harvesting
Amount of drinking water in the world
Per capita consumption India / World
Litres per person per day Drin in 3 4 Coo in 20 Bat in 40 Flus in Was in clot es 25 Was in utensils 20 Gardenin 23 Total 135
India ann al rainfall is it in t e t 6 c ntries in t e rld. B t ed n t c nserve t e rain ater.
I rta t ste f r s l ti s t iss es f ater a e vir e tal c servati is t c a e e le's abits attit es a C serve ater beca se it is ri t t i t !.
What you can do to conserve water?
Use ly as c ater as y req ire. Cl se t e ile br s i r t er se, ta s ell after se. t leave t e ta r i , e it ly e lea i ta s. y req ire it. See t at t ere are Use a as i ac i e t at es t c s e t c ater. D t leave t e ta s r i ile as i is es a cl t es.
I stall s all s er ea s t re ce t e fl f t e ater. ater i ic t e ve etables & fr its ave bee as e - se t ater t e fl ers & la ts. tt ee f t e ay if y ave ater left i y r ater b ttle t t r it a ay, r it
e la ts.
Re- se ater as c as ssible C a e i attit e & abits f r ater c servati Every r c ts!!!
Rain Water Harvesting?.
Rain Water Harvesting RWH- process of collecting, conveying & storing water from rainfall in an area ± for beneficial use. Storage ± in tanks, reservoirs, underground storage- groundwater Hydrological Cycle
RWH ± Methodologies
Roof Rain Water Harvesting Land based Rain Water Harvesting Watershed based Rain Water harvesting For Urban & Industrial Environment ± Roof & Land based RWH Public, Private, Office & Industrial buildings Pavements, Lawns, Gardens & other open spaces
Rain Water Harvesting± Advantages Harvesting±
1.Provides self-sufficiency to water supply 2.Reduces the cost for pumping of ground water 3.Provides high quality water, soft and low in minerals 4.Improves the quality of ground water through dilution when recharged 5.Reduces soil erosion & flooding in urban areas 6.The rooftop rain water harvesting is less expensive & easy to construct, operate and maintain 7. In desert, RWH only relief 8. In saline or coastal areas & Islands, rain water provides good quality water
Collecting surface water at the uilding gate
The rainwater falling on the o en s ace around the co lex can e collected near the gate y roviding a gutter with a erforated lid. The collected water can e led through a i e into a recharge well of 1 etre dia and 5 etre dee .
Rain Centre Two views of water collection at the gate.
If the area around the flat co lex is aved with concrete, we collect the water at the gate.
Rai Ce tre Ta e r f ater, filter a
f ater a
it i a ell
c ar e t e ell
Clea t e b il i r f as a c llect r f rai fall. Dra rai ater t r i es a tters (Rs 2000) Drai ater t r a filteri it it ebbles a sa it 2 x2 x2 fille a c ver slab (Rs1500) Pr vi e a i e fr t e filteri it t t e ell. (Rs 500) C st esti ates f r ra i s . ill vary f r t er its
What is ainwater harvesting ?
Ca t re rain water, st re it an se it - it is as si le as that - Pri e Minister Vaj ayayee at a nati nal se inar n ain water harvesting, New Delhi, May 22, 2000 C llect the rain water falling n h areas with nat ral gra ing ain water is nat rally in strial ll ti n) Gr n water c se t s, c llecti n n s, la es, en
re (exce ting where it bec
es aci rain
l be salty r brac ish
Rai ater 1 H 2 filter 4 H 3 6 Gr se - Gr fl r se - T fl r 8 ta
ater c llecte t er f 2. Fl s t r rai i e 3. First fl s - iscar s e i itial ater 4. ater fl s t r a filter - b tt t t (s e is filter) 5. St re i a s 6. P ater t ta 7. ater e 8. St re i a ver ea ta - t se 9. Overfl fr s c ar es t e aq ifer
5 s 9
Rural water harvesting
anage ent Ralega n Si hi - Maharashtra
Collecting rain water in emple tanks
ere are many temple tanks in t e city of Chennai. hey act as large storage tanks, percolating rain water an charging the water table. his allows tho san s of people living aro n the tank to raw water from their wells Desilting a temple tank costs between Rs 5 an 10 lakhs an is being one by the Rotary Cl b of Chennai
Res lts t
The er r ater level has c e by 10 t 15 feet i those laces that have i stalle R H. There are about 400,000 lots i Che ai. I 2001, about 5000 lots ha R H i le e te . I 2002, this fi ure is close to 50,000 lots I 2003, the curre t esti ate oul be around 80,000 e have reached about 20% of the households.
I am thankful first respected kkpatel who inspired me to make powerpoint presentation about of Rain Water Harvesting , Which I really enjoyed doing .Thanks are also due to respected,vkpatel sir , who created interest in me & constantly encouraged me to do this project. I am most thankful to our Principal madam Manju Sharma , I wouldn¶t have been able to complete the project without their valuable guidance . Mention must be made of my friend Soumya who tirelessly helped me in completing the work.
Prepared by Madhu K.B.