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WHAT IS ICT?

MA. JULIE ANNE C. GAJES


EMPOWERMENT TECHNOLOGIES
GUIDE QUESTIONS:

• How many of the items or icons in the image above


are you familiar with?
• Which ones are you unfamiliar with?
TRIVIA/GLOSSARY OF TERMS:

• Assistive Media - a component under Assistive technology (AT), which is a generic


term used to refer to a group of software or hardware devices by which people with
disabilities can access computers. Assistive Media is also a name of a company: “the
Internet's first audio solution for persons with print reading/access barriers. The
audio recordings of the literary works produced by Assistive Media are now easily
accessible, on-demand, to the ever growing number of persons with disabilities who
now use the Internet.”
• Collaborative platforms - “is a category of business software that adds broad social
networking capabilities to work processes.”
• Mobile Media - This refers to “media devices such as mobile phones and
PDA’s were the primary source of portable media from which we could obtain
information and communicate with one another. More recently, the smartphone
(which has combined many features of the cell phone with the PDA) has
rendered the PDA next to obsolete. The growth of new mobile media as a
true force in society was marked by smartphone sales outpacing personal
computer sales in 2011.”
• Online systems - are online versions of information systems, which is “the
process of and tools for storing, managing, using, and gathering of data and
communications in an organization. An example of information systems are
tools for sending out communications and storing files in a business.”
• Convergent Technologies - an extension of the term convergence, which means a
“coming together of two or more disparate disciplines or technologies. For example,
the so-called fax revolution was produced by a convergence of telecommunications
technology, optical scanning technology, and printing technology.” Convergent
Technologies also refers to an American computer company formed by a small group
of people who left Intel Corporation and Xerox PARC in 1979.
• Information and Communications Technology (ICT) - ICT is an umbrella term that
includes any communication device or application, encompassing: radio, television,
cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems and
so on, as well as the various services and applications associated with them, such as
videoconferencing and distance learning. ICTs are often spoken of in a particular
context, such as ICTs in education, health care, or libraries. The term is somewhat
more common outside of the United States. It may also be defined as, Information
and Communication Technologies (ICT or ICTs) are digital forms of communication
including tools available on the Internet, such as blogging and email, as well as
computer software, such as Microsoft PowerPoint and Word4.
• Social Media - “are computer-mediated tools that allow people or companies to
create, share, or exchange information, career interests, ideas, and pictures/videos in
virtual communities and networks.”
• Web 2.0 - “describes World Wide Web sites that emphasize usergenerated content,
usability, and interoperability. The term was popularized by Tim O'Reilly and Dale
Dougherty at the O'Reilly Media Web 2.0 Conference in late 2004, though it was
coined by Darcy DiNucci in 1999.”
• Web 3.0 - “a phrase coined by John Markoff of the New York Times in 2006, refers
to a supposed third generation of Internet-based services that collectively comprise
what might be called ‘the intelligent Web’— such as those using semantic web,
microformats, natural language search, data-mining, machine learning,
recommendation agents, and artificial intelligence technologies—which emphasize
machinefacilitated understanding of information in order to provide a more
productive and intuitive user experience.”
QUESTIONS:

•Compare and contrast the implications of


varied online platforms, sites and content