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Safety System

Roni Heru Triyanto

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Process Safety
Protection of:
•People
•Assets/Investment
•Environment

Layer of Protection Analysis


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Layers of Protection – Basic
Process Control System (BPCS)

Under normal circumstances, the process controller


maintains the process.

High level

Normal behavior

process value
Low level

Time

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Sistem Alarm & Shutdown
• Alarm & Shutdown  Proses masuk
daerah tidak normal
• Alarm  Memberi peringatan
• Alarm  Operator secepatnya mengambil
langkah supaya proses masuk daerah
normal
• Shutdown  Menghentikan proses

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Sistem Shutdown

Shutdown
LSH Rangkaian
Shutdown

LSL

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Sistem Alarm dan Shutdown
dengan Menggunakan Timer

Alarm
Rangkaian
LSH
Alarm &
Shutdown

(Timer) Shutdown

LSL

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Sistem Alarm & Shutdown

LSHH Alarm & Alarm


Shutdown
System
LSH Shutdown

LSL LIC
LSLL

LT

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Layers of Protection - Alarms

Sometimes things go wrong and an operator takes


action to keep the process within limits.

Operator takes action


High alarm level

High level

Normal behavior

process value
Low level

Time

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Layers of Protection – Safety
Instrumented System
Safety Instrumented System
Trip level
Emergency Shut-Down action

Operator takes action


High alarm level

High level

Normal behavior

process value Time


Low level

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SIS Protection or Failure on Demand -
Incident
If that does not work, there may
be a harmful incident...
Safety Instrumented System
Trip level

Operator takes action


High alarm level

High level

Normal behavior
process value
Low level

Time
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Terima Kasih

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