Application of SAR in Mapping and Monitoring Wetlands

Wetlands SAR Case Study .

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Prevent flooding & erosion Water purificati on Sediment trapping & Nutrient removal Climate change Groundwater recharge Wildlife .

‡ Synthetic Aperture Radar.remote sensing technology ‡ Form of RADAR in which multiple radar images are processed to yield higherresolution images ‡ Used to monitor natural disasters ‡ Wide applications in mapping environmental features .

fog and haze High resolution imagery 10 cm resolution Sensitivity Soil moisture & flooding Vegetation differentiation .Low atmospheric attenuation Microwave frequencies Penetrate cloud.

L-HV. C-HH. L-VV.CASE STUDY: SPACE-BORNE SAR DATA FOR WETLAND MAPPING Test the abilities of multi-frequency SAR data for wetland delineation & vegetation mapping To evaluate the utility of the six band SIR-C data (L-HH. C-VV) . C-HV.

STUDY AREA .

VEGETATION CLASSIFICATION & ACCURACY ASSESSMENTS Maximum Likelihood Classifier (MLC) Hierarchical Classifier (HC) .

MLC MRLC April October .Rappahannock.

Rappahannock .

Mattaponi & Pamunkey .

HC MRLC April October .Rappahannock.

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C-HV and in some cases C-VV were found to be useful in differentiating emergent wetland from agriculture. C-HH. . Using the HC technique on the Mattaponi/Paumunkey river scenes resulted in better discrimination of emergent but poorer discrimination of forested wetlands than using the MLC method. This is probably because most of the forested wetland sites were not flooded in October on the Rappahannock. April was nearly always better for mapping wetlands using MLC. L-HH was the most useful band for differentiating forested wetland from upland forest in all cases except the October Rappahannock Image.RESULTS L-HV was consistently the best band for differentiation of woody and herbaceous vegetation.

HH polarization was found to be the most useful for detecting wetlands while L-band for discriminating flooded from non-flooded forests. and C-HH was the best for discriminating emergent wetlands from agriculture. Results also show the need for multi-polarization/multi-frequency SAR data for a complete wetland mapping and monitoring capability. C band was best for discriminating emergent wetlands from agriculture and herbaceous uplands. Since MLC approach is simpler and available to a wide array of potential users. L-HV was determined to be the best band for discriminating forested wetland from upland forest. .CONCLUSION Multi-band SAR data can be used to map wetlands with reasonable accuracy. it would be the method of choice. The best method for vegetation mapping would probably be a synergistic approach between visible and SAR data.

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