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ELC121 :

PART OF SPEECH
 AMY YUHANIS BINTI KAMARUDDIN
 2018416016

 AZMALIANA ASFARINA BINTI AZMAN


 2018407266

CONTENT

 VERB
 ADVERBS
 PREPOSITION
 CONJUCTION
VERB
Types of verbs :
 Action verbs
 Non-action verbs
 Linking verbs
1. ACTION VERBS
 Expressing action, something that a person, animal,
nature or thing can do.
example:

 Because of the spicy pepper, Sarah reached for her


glass of iced tea.

 The squirrel stuffed its cheeks with acorns.


2. NON-ACTION VERBS
 Indicate state, opinion or emotions.

 Like, hate, want, wish, appreciate, mind, dislike etc..

I like English.
She loves me.
3. LINKING VERBS
 Linking verbs – serve as a connection between subject and
complement or adjective complement.
(am, is, are, etc)
William is excited about his promotion.

are the most common linking verbs, but there are others
such as the “sense” verbs:

look appear smell become


remain sound continue seem

Examples:
He looked hopeful.
ADVERBS
words that modify or describe Adjectives, verbs or other
Adverbs.

TYPE OF ADVERBS

Adverbs of manner – used to tell us the way or how something is


done.
My sister drives carefully.

Adverbs of degree – used to tell us about the intensity of


something. Usually placed before adjective.
The movie is quite interesting.

Adverbs of frequency – describe how often something occurs.


I always study after class.
Adverbs of time – tell us how often express frequency of
an action. Usually placed before main verb.
I am going to my new school tomorrow.

Adverbs of duration – tell us how long something


happen.
She still lives in Malaysia.

Adverbs of position – three position: front position(in the


beginning) end (at the end of sentence) and mid (the
middle)
Front- perhaps they will arrive this evening.
Mid- she hardly knew him.
End- I left the bedroom and ran downstairs.

Adverbs of direction – tell us where something happen.


The bedroom is upstairs.
PREPOSITION
Used to link nouns, pronouns or phrases to
other words within a sentence.
Words used to show position, direction or
movement
Normally placed directly in front of nouns.
Example :

SUBJECT + VERBS PREPOSITION NOUN

The food is on the table.

I ate before coming

Alice is looking for you.


PREPOSITION OF MOVEMENT
 DEFINITION : Used to show movement to or from a place.
 Example :
down, past, into, behind, up, onto, through, off, over, on,
across, at, by, for, after, towards

• The cat has climbed up a tree.


• The children got off the bus.
• She ran along the pavement.
• The bus goes towards the market.
PREPOSITION OF PLACE
 DEFINITION : Refer to those preposition which can be used to
show where something is located.
 Example :
above, up, after, on, before, against, by, behind, below,
along, near, down, in, at, across, inside, between, over

• The aeroplane is flying above the clouds.


• The dog buried the bone under the ground.
• Our house is at the end of the street.
• The cat ran across the road
PREPOSITION OF TIME
 DEFINITION : Helps to link the noun or pronoun with a time value.
It functions as an indicator as to what point of time did an event
occur.
 Example :
about, before, for, by, around, in ago, at, past, since, to, on,
after, until, between, during

• The train is about an hour late.


• The classes begin at 8 o’clock.
• My birthday falls on Wednesday.
• India has been independent since 1947.
CONJUNCTION
 Words used to join two clauses (ideas) in one sentence and
to indicate the relationship between them.

 Example :
Coordinating Conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions, also called
coordinators, are conjunctions that connect two
or more equal items.

Examples:
 He plays tennis and soccer
 He works quickly but accurately
 You'd better do your homework, or you'll get a
terrible grade.
Correlative Conjunctions
 Correlative conjunctions are used in pairs. They work in pairs
to coordinate two items

Examples:
 I didn't know that she can neither read nor write.
 You can either walk to school or take the bus.
 Both Sara and James are invited to the party.
 Whether you watch TV or do your homework is your decision.
 Not only are they noisy but they are also lazy.
Subordinating Conjunctions
 Subordinating conjunctions, also called subordinators, are
conjunctions that join a dependent (or subordinating) clause to
an independent (or main) clause.

Examples:
 He reads the newspapers after he finishes work.
 Even if you get the best grade in the writing test, you'll need to
pass an oral test.
 Although he is very old, he goes jogging every morning.
 She didn't go to school because she was ill.
 They went to bed since it was late
 As soon as the teacher had arrived, they started work.
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