³MOTHERBOARD´

Presented by Intramantra Global Solution PVT LTD, Indore http://intramantra.com

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION DESIGN FORM FACTOR COMPONENTS COMPARISON CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION
The main circuit board of micro computer.The motherboard contains the connectors for attaching additional boards.

MOTHERBOARD¶S DESIGN

MOTHERBOARD STYLE

BACKPLANE STYLE

MOTHERBOARD FORM FACTOR
A form factor defines the motherboard size, shape and how it is mounted on the case.

Form Factor

Width (in inches)

Length (in inches)

Design type

Class type

IBM PC

85

13

Motherboard

IBM PC

IBM PC XT

8.5

13

Motherboard

IBM PC XT

AT

12

11-13

Motherboard

AT Desktop

Baby AT

8.5

10-13

Motherboard

Baby AT Desktop

LPX

9

11-13

Backplane

Low profile

Micro-AT

8.5

8.5

Motherboard

Baby AT Desktop

ATX

12

9.6

Motherboard

ATX Desktop

COMPONENTS OF MOTHERBOARD
CPU slot and socket Chipset Memory modules Expansion slots I/O connectors Power connector BIOS CMOS

Sockets and Slots
Microprocessors are attached to the motherboard of computer.there are general two types of mountings are used to connect the processor onto the motherboard.

Socket Types
Socket 0 A 168-pin inline layout processor connector for 5v 486DX processors. Socket 1 A 169-pin inline layout processor connector for 5v 486DX and 486SX processors. Socket 2 A 238-pin inline layout processor connector for 5v 486DX,486SX and 486DX2 processors. Socket 3 A 237-pin inline layout processor connector for 3 and 5v 486DX,486SX,486DX2 and 486DX4 processor. Socket 4 A 273-pin inline layout processor connector for 5v pentium 60 and 66 processors.

Socket 5 A 320-pin inline layout processor connector for 3v Pentium processors486DX processors. Socket 6 A 235-pin inline layout processor connector for 3v 486DX4 processors. Socket 7 A 321-pin inline layout socket created to support later Pentium processors. Socket 8 A 386-pin staggered ZIF-socketformat for the the Pentium Pro processors.

Slot Types
Slot 1 A proprietary Intel connector supporting Celron,Pentium 11 and Pentium 111 processors. Slot 2 Another Intel processor bus connector style for Pentium 11Xeon and Pentium 111 processors. Slot A Used by the AMD Athlon processors. Slot M Connectors are planned for the upcoming 64-bit Intel Itanium processor.

Chipset 
Technically a group of chips to communicate b/w processor & other components. Controls the bits & manages data transfers b/w CPU,system memory & peripheral devices.

The Two Chips North Bridge ±memory,CPU.

South Bridge ±Peripheral,IDE

INTEL 845GV CHIPSET DIAGRAM

view larger image

Expansion slots and cards To upgrade the quality or the speed of graphics & sound. To connect printer or computers. Cards can add a completely new functions or capabilities & can replace the existing one.

PCI SLOTS

1.

This motherboard has four PCI slots.

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

Last modified: Wednesday, November 12, 2003

BUS ARCHITECHURES
Includes wires,connectors and devices data and instruction around the PC. AT Bus²runs at 16 bit data,Archt. is commonly referred to an ISA. Local Bus²Fast processing b¶coz it is can directly communicates with processor through its dedicated controller .(PCI) SCSI Bus²attaches peripheral devices to a PC through a card. USB-The PnP system that allows to add printer,keyboard,mouse scanner.

MOTHERBOARD INTEGRATED COMPONENTS

MEMORY MODULES
DIP packaging. SIMM²72 pins. DIMM²168 pins. Memory Bank.

CONNECTOR

PARTS OF MOTHERBOARD

POWER CONNECTORS

AT 12 PIN

ATX 20 PIN

BIOS
BOOTING THE COMPUTER. VALIDATES THE PC¶S CONFIGURATION. PROVIDES INTERFACE B/W HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE.

HOW BIOS WORKS

One of the most common uses of Flash memory is for

Power initialization BIOS startup POST Video and audio BIOS System check Plug-and-play device Summary display Boot device found Operating system running

CMOS

NEED OF BATTERY.

RTC CHIP

COMPARISON

PARAMETERS

CONCLUSION
FLEXIBILITY COST SIZE USER¶S SATISFACTION

ANY QUESTIONS PLEASE«.

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THANKS

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