MPF-08

MPF Planning Process Overview
Capt Jason Collins, USMC Expeditionary Warfare Training Group, Pacific USMC Expeditionary Logistics Branch, N57 DSN 577-2606, Commercial (619) 437-2606 jason.p.collins@navy.mil

Lesson Purpose
• Provide the student with an understanding of the MPF planning process

MPF - 08

2

Overview
• Planning Methodologies
– Deliberate/Contingency and Crisis Action Planning

• Initiating Directive
– Specific actions required upon it issue

• Other planning considerations
MPF - 08 3

Introduction
• MPF operation is Naval in character
– But dependent on support from Joint Deployment Community (JDC)
• AMC • JOPES

– Requires continuous, coordinated, timely and concurrent planning
MPF - 08 4

Introduction
• Cannot just focus on Deployment Operations
– Deployment ops based on employment, CSS and sustained operation planning – MPF commanders must deliberately plan for employment and sustained ops
MPF - 08 5

Deliberate Planning
• Looks at future, hypothetical military operations • Involved Joint Planning and Execution Community (JPEC) • Planning cycle can be as long as two years
MPF - 08 6

Deliberate Planning
• Coordination between
– Supported Unified Commander – Supporting Unified Commander – Agencies – The Services

MPF - 08

7

Deliberate Planning
• Contingency Plans
– Operation Plan (OPLAN)
• Major Theater War (MTW) • Detailed

– Concept Plan (CONPLAN)
• With TPFDD: Smaller scale contingency • Without TPFDD: Non Combatant Evacuation operation
MPF - 08 8

Deliberate Planning
• Service component develop supporting contingency plans
– Operations in specific geographical region – General deployment plans

MPF - 08

9

Deliberate Planning
• Contingency plans serve as basis for Crisis Action and Execution Planning
– Assessment of crisis continues – Intel and collection efforts continue to verify/refute assumptions – Major changes require reassessment or reexamination

MPF - 08

10

Crisis Action Planning (CAP)
• Time sensitive • JPEC uses CAP to respond to crisis or to refine deliberate plans • May approximate those missions deliberately planned for
MPF - 08 11

Crisis Action Planning
• Time Sensitive Planning Process six phases
– Situation development – Crisis assessment (WARNING ORDER) – Course of action (COA) development – COA selection (ALERT ORDER) – Execution planning – Execution (EXECUTION ORDER)
MPF - 08 12

THE FIVE PHASES OF MPF OPERATIONS
MPF INITIATING DIRECTIVE FIRST PLANE DEPARTS SLRP (O-8) FIRST MAIN LAST MAIN LAST BODY PLANE TROOP BODY PLANE ARRIVES ARRIVES AT APOE ADVANCE FLIGHT MAIN PARTY FERRY BODY (O-4)

AIR MOVEMENT GROUP

PLANNING
MARSHALING MOVEMENT
WARNING ORDER ALERT ORDER N-DAY DEPLOYMENT ORDER C-DAY O-DAY MPF MAGTF COMBAT READY

MID PLANNING CONFERENCE

ARRIVAL AND ASSEMBLY
RECONSTITUTION
MAGTF OPERATIONS
O+10 RDD LAST MPS ARRIVES

SEA MOVEMENT GROUP

OPP BOARDS MPSRON FIRST MPS MOVES MPSRON ARRIVES (O-4) (O-1)

EXECUTE ORDER

T-AVB AND T-AH ARRIVES (C+30)

FOLLOW ON SUSTAINMENT (FOS)

Crisis Action Planning
• 8 decisions before MPF planning can continue:
– – – – – – – – Mission must be defined Define command relationships Tactical CONOPS ashore Arrival and Assembly CONOPS Marshaling and Movement CONOPS Control measures Special considerations Security
MPF - 08 14

Mission
• Tells us
– General area of ops – Required tasks of the MAGTF – General time period for deployment – Required time for ops capability – Time constraints on deployment ops – Estimated duration of tactical ops
MPF - 08 15

Command Relationships
• Minimize C2 confusion during planning, deployment, and execution phases of an operation
HQ
SUPPORTED SUPPORTING SUPPORTING

MPF - 08

16

Tactical CONOPS Ashore
• Derived from MAGTF’s mission • MAGTF CO conducts mission analysis • Coordinated with higher authority

MPF - 08

17

Arrival and Assembly CONOPS
• Dictated by
– Mission – Geography – Topography – Available facilities – Tactical CONOPS ashore

MPF - 08

18

Arrival and Assembly CONOPS
• Developed by MAGTF CO in coordination with the CNSE and COMPSRON
– Basic sequence for arrival and assembly – Selection of offload and arrival sites – Command and control procedures – Offload/throughput priority of MPE/S
MPF - 08 19

Deployment Concept
-Developed

to support Tactical CONOPS and Arrival and Assembly CONOPS it addresses:
• Sea movement – Closure estimates – Track – Enroute stops – Escort requirements • Air movement – Sequence of deployment – Loading – Routes – Enroute support bases – Aerial Refueling – RDD/EAD/LAD
20

MPF - 08

Control Measures
• Preclude interference/delays in the arrival and assembly of deploying forces • Marshaling controls
– Specify marshaling areas and APOE(s) – Operational security – Ground movement to the APOE – Load procedures
MPF - 08 21

Special Considerations
• Specify security responsibilities • Assign areas of responsibility ashore • Designate coordinating authorities, main supply route • MAGTF commander responsible for
– Prioritization and use of arrival areas and roads – Air traffic control – Logistics support activities
MPF - 08 22

Force Protection
• Supported Unified Commander has overall responsibility for security • Defense of the MPF
– Ships enroute and in AAA – Enroute support base/facilities – Arrival Airfields – MAGTF element assembly areas – Port/beach facilities
MPF - 08 23

Questions?

MPF - 08

24

Initiating Directive
• Order for commander to plan for and prepare to conduct an MPF operation
– Commences MPF crisis action planning – Issued by Unified, Sub-unified, Service Component Commanders or CJTF

• Sometimes not issued
– Warning order
MPF - 08 25

THE FIVE PHASES OF MPF OPERATIONS
MPF INITIATING DIRECTIVE FIRST PLANE DEPARTS SLRP (O-8) FIRST MAIN LAST MAIN LAST BODY PLANE TROOP BODY PLANE ARRIVES ARRIVES AT APOE ADVANCE FLIGHT MAIN PARTY FERRY BODY (O-4)

AIR MOVEMENT GROUP

PLANNING
MARSHALING MOVEMENT
WARNING ORDER ALERT ORDER N-DAY DEPLOYMENT ORDER C-DAY O-DAY MPF MAGTF COMBAT READY

MID PLANNING CONFERENCE

ARRIVAL AND ASSEMBLY
RECONSTITUTION
MAGTF OPERATIONS
O+10 RDD LAST MPS ARRIVES

SEA MOVEMENT GROUP

OPP BOARDS MPSRON FIRST MPS MOVES MPSRON ARRIVES (O-4) (O-1)

EXECUTE ORDER

T-AVB AND T-AH ARRIVES (C+30)

FOLLOW ON SUSTAINMENT (FOS)

Initiating Directive
• Should include
– Summary
• Gives purpose and references

– Mission
• Includes purpose for which MPF is deployed and MAGTF is employed

– Task organization – Concept and specific tasks
MPF - 08 27

Initiating Directive
• Should include (cont)
– Operation areas
• Defines control measures • Define time, place, and duration of support • Designate Arrival and Assembly Area (AAA)

MPF - 08

28

Initiating Directive
• Should include (cont)
– Coordinating instructions
• Target date for MAGTF deployment • Offload Preparation Party (OPP) deployment • Survey, Liaison and Reconnaissance Party (SLRP) deployment • C-Day/O-Day • MPSRON arrival date • Anticipated duration of MPF operation
MPF - 08 29

Initiating Directive
• Should include (cont)
– Special instructions
• • • • • • • CBR defense/employment Rules of Engagement (ROE) Special Operations Security Safety Communications Logistic instructions
MPF - 08 30

Specific MPF Actions
• Actions taken after initiating directive (WARNING ORDER) issued
– Refine Naval COA – Review and update force lists for availability, readiness – Prepare to deploy SLRP and OPP – Reposition the MPSRON – Mobilize selected reserves – Activate support & augmentation shipping – Provide refined TPFDD to USTRANSCOM
MPF - 08 31

MPF - 08

32

Other Planning Considerations
• Deployment of the ACE • Transition from deployment to employment • Disposition of Components of the MPF
MPF - 08 33

Deployment of the ACE
• Major Tasks during Planning Phase -Mission Analysis -Force List Development -APOE Identification -F/W, R/W, and radar employment sites -T-AVB employment -USAF Tanker Training -Flight Ferry Planning
MPF - 08 34

Deployment of the ACE
C-5 LOAD PLANNING
TYPE AIRCRAFT AH-1W UH-1N CH-46E CH-53D CH-53E NUMBER 6 5 2 2 2 CONFIGURATION REDUCED REDUCED REDUCED REDUCED REDUCED

MPF - 08

35

Deployment of the ACE
• Major Tasks during Planning Phase -Mission Analysis -Force List Development -APOE Identification -F/W, R/W, and radar employment sites -T-AVB employment -USAF Tanker Training -Flight Ferry Planning
MPF - 08 36

Deployment to Employment
• Plans should include
– Clear command relationship – Interoperability issues addressed – Exchange of information – Responsibility for local security – Assembly area used for other operations – Response to hostile action – Allocation of planning time
MPF - 08 37

Disposition of Components
• MAGTF
- On termination of MPF operation, MAGTF operate as MARFOR or subsumed into existing MARFOR - Expected command relationship changes

• NSE
- Determine what components are necessary - Remain in place if backload & redeployment is imminent
MPF - 08

38

Questions?

MPF - 08

39

Summary
• Deliberate planning • Crisis Action planning
– Eight basic decisions

• Initiating directive
– Specific actions required upon it issue

• Other planning considerations
MPF - 08 40

References
• MCWP 3-32/NTTP 3-02.3, Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) Operations • JP 5-0, Joint Operation Planning • MCWP 5-1, Marine Corps Planning Process • NDP5-01/NWP 11 Navy Planning
MPF - 08 41

Questions?

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer: Get 4 months of Scribd and The New York Times for just $1.87 per week!

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times