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A) Physical Properties:
Relates to the physical appearance of the
substance.

(i) Qualitative:
Uses senses (sight, smell, odour, taste & touch)

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Uses numbers.

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› escribes how a substance reacts when it


comes into contact with another substance.

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› Usually involve the formation of bubbles (gas
being formed)
› This means something has changed about the
chemical make-up

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2.2: 

  
  
Allow you to identify the substance

These things are Dzuniquedz to that substance

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Examples of Characteristic
Properties:
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one substance or groups of substances


They donǯt allow you to identify anything

These things could be true for more than one


substance or group of substances

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Examples that would likely be
Non-Characteristic:
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A) Characteristic Properties:

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ë Non-Characteristic
properties:
‘ee slide 11.
These properties could not be used to identify a
solid with certainty

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A) Characteristic Properties:

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ii Red & ëlue Litmus Paper
› Acids: R-->R and B-->R
› Bases: R-->B and B-->B
› Neutral: R-->R and B-->B

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i) ‘ee ‘lide 11

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ii Cobalt Chloride Paper
(demo
› Contains H2O: B-->P
› oes not contain H2O: B-->B
This is ONLY used to show if water is present
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a Conducts electricity:
- Bubbles form at electrodes

Note:
- Many bubbles = conducts a lot
- Few bubbles = conducts a bit


› oes not conduct electricity:
- Bubbles donǯt form at the
electrodes


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a [iscous = Dzthickdz

Examples:
- Oil
- Corn syrup


a nviscid = Dzthindz

Examples:
- Water

p :
Properties of Liquids (Hand-Out)

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› Makes a glowing splint re-ignite (demo)


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› Lighter than air


› Makes a burning splint pop (demo)

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„he Hindenburg Disaster
› Îerman airship
› imensions: 804 feet X 135 feet
› Cruised at 126 km/h

May 6th, 1937


New Jersey



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‘ee slide 11

Experiment 2.6:
Properties of Îases (Hand-Out)

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2.7:    

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A) Anatomy of the burner:



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Make sure that:


1. The gas valve is closed
2. There are no objects in the air adjustment (look)
3. Both adjustments are closed, but not tightly

Note:
To close: turn C.W.
To open: turn C.C.W.
Beware this depends on from which direction you look!!!


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1. Connect the hose to the valve


2. Turn gas valve on
3. Light a match
4. Place match over mouth of burner
5. ‘lowly turn on gas adjustment until flame is
correct height
6. Move matches away
7. Turn on air adjustment for a blue flame

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1. Turn gas valve off


2. isconnect hose from valve
3. Close both adjustments