by JFBS

Conditional Types
First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Third Type: Impossible conditions Other Conditional sentences Wish / If only

First Type: Possible & Probable conditions
IF CLAUSE
Simple Present If you come If you want to pass If we buy a ticket

MAIN CLAUSE
Simple Future Imperative Can I will be happy Study! We ................ (go) to the concert she will come with us

If she ..................... (arrive) soon If they dance too much They ............................. (get) tired If you need my car .............................. (take) it

First Type: Possible & Probable conditions
IF CLAUSE
If you ........ (drink) a lot If the road ............ (be) wet If he .......... (lose) his key

MAIN CLAUSE
I .......... (leave) you ............(watch out) ! You ................ (lend) him yours We ................(have dinner)

If she .............. (not buy) any food If they ......... (not stop) We .......... (not finish) our lesson talking If you ....... (take) the dog for I ................ (give) you some a walk money

Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions
To express an imaginary present or improbable future situations
IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE

Simple Past If she studied If he ran If I went to China If I were .....................

Would + root verb Could + root verb she would pass her controls he would catch the bus I could be with him ....................................

Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions
IF CLAUSE
If you ........ (drink) a lot

MAIN CLAUSE
I .......... (leave) you

If the road ............ (be) wet You ............(have) an accident If he .......... (lose) his key You ................ (lend) him yours We ................(have dinner)

If she .............. (not buy) any food If they ......... (not stop) We .......... (not finish) our lesson talking If you ....... (take) the dog for I ................ (give) you some a walk money

Third Type: Impossible conditions
To express a regret for an impossible situation happened in the Past with NO solution
IF CLAUSE Past Perfect If it hadn't rained MAIN CLAUSE Present Perfect Conditional (Would have + past participle)

We would have gone to the country If she had studied She ............ (pass) her controls If you ................... (invite) They 'd have come to the party them If I had known it I .......................(arrive) earlier If he............................. I 'd have seen him (phone)

Third Type: Impossible conditions
IF CLAUSE
If you ........ (drink) a lot

MAIN CLAUSE
I .......... (leave) you

If the road ............ (be) wet You ............(have) an accident If he .......... (lose) his key You ................ (lend) him yours We ................(have dinner)

If she .............. (not buy) any food If they ......... (not stop) We .......... (not finish) our lesson talking If you ....... (take) the dog for I ................ (give) you some a walk money

Other expressions used in conditional clauses:
UNLESS " Si no«" "A menos que..." "WHETHER«OR NOT" "Tanto«.como si no " "ON CONDITION THAT" "PROVIDED THAT" "PROVIDING THAT" "SO LONG AS" "AS LONG AS "Siempre que, en tanto que, con la condición de que,...etc "ASSUMING THAT" "SUPPOSING THAT" "SUPPOSE THAT" "Suponiendo que.." You won't finish the race unless you control your effort. Whether you pay or not, you won't get in without an invitation. "I will only tell my age on condition that you tell yours." ´I will only tell my age provided that you tell yoursµ ´I will only tell my age providing that you tell yoursµ ´I will only tell my age so long as you tell yoursµ ´I will only tell my age as long as you tell yoursµ "Assuming that it's fine tomorrow, we'll go for a swim" "What would you do supposing that you were given the chance to see the future ?"

Other time clauses
Time clauses with before, unless, when, while, as soon as, as long as, provided that After when, as soon as, before, while, unless, as long as and provided that we use the present tense (not will).
‡ I¶ll

stay with Jake when I go to London next week. ‡ As soon as I get my exam results, I¶m going on holiday. ‡ Before I go out tonight, I have to finish this essay. ‡ While I¶m away, Penny¶s going to look after my dog. ‡ I won¶t be able to buy a car unless I find a job soon. ‡ I¶ll come with you as long as I don't have to drive. ‡ You¶ll pass your exam provided that you doenough revision.

WISH / IF ONLY CLAUSES
Wish and if only can be used with would and past tenses. These structures express regrets, and wishes for unlikely or impossible things. If only is more emphatic. (Traducción: Ójala, Desearía)

1. Past tenses are used to talk about the present.
I wish I was better looking Don¶t you wish you could fly?

Were can be used instead of was, especially in a formal style.
He wishes he were better looking.

I wish I spoke French If only I knew more people!

2. We use a past perfect tense to express regrets about the past
I wish you hadn¶t said that. Now she wishes she had gone to university. If only she hadn¶t told the police, everything would be all right.

3. We use would... to talk about things that we would like people (not) to do. This often expresses dissatisfaction or annoyance: it can sound critical. We can use this structure to talk about things as well as people.
I wish this damned car would start. If only it would stop raining! I wish you would go home. If only the postman would come!

Sample rephrasing
First Conditional: - Be careful ² someone·s going to see you! - If you are careful, nobody will see you! - If + Subject + present simple, subject + future will (aff or neg) Second Conditional: -Kathy wants to go to the movies but doesn't have any money -If Kathy had some money, she would go to the movies.

-If + Subject + past simple (neg or aff), subject + would /could/might + infinitive + complements

Third Conditional: -Tom was not going to come to dinner the next day because you insulted him. -If Tom hadn·t insulted him, he would have come to dinner. - If + Subject + past perfect (neg or aff), subject + would/ could/might + have + pp + C Wish / If only I·m sorry, but I can·t help you now. I wish I could help you. I would have gone to the concert, but I didn·t have a ticket. I wish I had had a ticket. / I had bought a ticket

Other samples

- His book will be published provided he takes his manuscript to the editor. Unless he takes his manuscript to the editor, his book won·t be published. Unles + present simple, future simple (aff or neg) -I didn't have an umbrella with me and so I got wet. I wouldn't have got wet, if I had had an umbrella with me. -We don't go to school when it rains If it rains, we don·t go to school. -I didn't move the table because Jack didn't help me. If Jack had helped me, I would have moved the table. - You drink too much coffee, that's why you don't sleep. If you didn·t drank too much coffee, you would sleep. -You never talk to me, so you don't know anything about me. If you talked to me, you would know something about me.

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