The Ultimate Bailout Plan

Fiqh of Hajj
IAMC ± Colleyville Masjid Abdul Nasir Jangda

Introduction to Hajj

Definition of Hajj
‡ Linguistic ± to intend to travel to a place of great honor ‡ Islamic - to intend to travel to the House of Allah and perform specific rites and rituals during specified times at specified places

. it refers to the rites and rituals of Hajj.Manasik ‡ Manasik which is the plural of µmansak¶ or µmansik¶ which means µworship¶ or time or place of worship. ‡ In Shariah. It can also mean sacrifice of animals or the place or time animals are sacrificed.

.´ was revealed.. This is also the opinion of Hafidh Ibn Hajar in Fathul-Bari. ³ . ‡ Qastalani states that the opinion of the majority is that it was mandated in the 6th year because that is when the verse. without giving preference to any. ‡ Shami has resolved that it was the 9th year of Hijrah.When was Hajj obligated? ‡ 11 opinions have been stated out of which: ± 2 are weak: before Hijrah and 10th year of Hijrah ± 2 opinions are well-known and accepted: 6th year and 9th year of Hijrah ‡ Ayni has stated opinions varying from the 5th year of Hijrah all the way to the 10th . . and this is also the opinion of Ibn Qayyim. Qadhi Ayadh. Qurtubi. etc.

History of the Hajj ‡ In the 9th year after Hijrah the Prophet (pbuh) deputed Abu Bakr (ra) to lead the believers in Hajj ‡ Ali (ra) was sent to make proclamations about purifying the Haram ‡ This served as a preparation for the great and farewell pilgrimage. ‡ In 10 A.H. in what is called Hajjatul-Wida¶ . the Prophet (pbuh) performed Hajj.

Why did the Messenger of Allah delay the Hajj till the 10th year of Hijrah? ‡ Makkah under non-Muslim control ‡ Nasi ± distortion of lunar calendar by the Arabs ‡ Presence of Mushrikoon and their corrupt practices ‡ Not obligated till after Hajj in 9th year .

Hajj is Obligatory with the Following Conditions ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Muslim Free Sound state of mind Adult Healthy Possession of extra wealth that suffices for transportation. provisions. and maintenance of one¶s family or other financial obligations till return ‡ Women require a Mahram .

he will be sinful. . Ahmad.Hajj mandatory immediately or with delay? ‡ Imam Abu Hanifah. therefore one will not be sinful by delaying it. and Abu Yusuf: Immediately. But if he dies before performing it. otherwise one will be sinful. Malik. They use the Hadith: (Abu Dawud) ‡ Imam Shafi and Imam Muhammad: With delay as long as it is not neglected totally. Their evidence is the fact that the Messenger of Allah salla Allah alaihi wa sallam delayed it till the 10th year of Hijrah.

Hajj ² Step by Step .

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HOW TO PERFORM HAJJ AT-TAMATTU¶ ‡ Umrah will be performed first ‡ In order to do so a person must enter into Ihraam .

± for the people of Yemen : Yalamlam. ± for the people of `Iraq : Dhatu-`Irq. ‡ The miqat of one whose dwelling-place is after the mawaqit.The Mawaqit ‡ The mawaqit which it is not permissible for a person to pass except in the state of ihram are: ± for the people of Madinah : Dhu¶l-Hulayfah. is al-Hill . ‡ If one entered ihram before these mawaqit. ‡ The miqat of one who is in Makkah is the Haram for hajj and al-Hill for `umrah. ± for the people of the Levant (al-Sham) : al-Juhfah. . it is valid. ± for the people of Najd : Qarn al-Manazil.

If this is not possible then.ENTERING INTO IHRAAM ‡ Clip the nails and remove the underarm and pubic hair. (sunnah) ‡ Take bath. perform wudhu (sunnah) ‡ Put on the two sheets of cloth. (fardh) .

ENTERING INTO IHRAAM (Cont·d) 4. Make intention for Umrah only and not Hajj. Use Itar (perfume) without leaving any visible signs of its existence on the sheets of Ihraam. Males should remove their head cover and not cover the head until free from Ihraam. . (fardh) 7. (mustahab) 6. with the head and shoulders covered. (sunnah) 5. Perform 2 rakaats of Ihraam. Recite in the 1st rakaat Sura Al-Kafiroon¶ and in 2nd rakaat Al-Ikhlas.

You have no partner. Innal hamda wan ni¶mata laka wal mulk la shareeka lak. O Allah I am present. 9.ENTERING INTO IHRAAM (Cont·d) 8. You have no partner. I am present. . Labbayk la shareeka laka labbayk. Remember that from now onwards you are in the state of Ihraam and all restrictions of Ihraam apply. Recite the following Talbiyah three times. I am present. Labbayk Allahumma labbayk. Indeed all praise and bounty is for You and the entire universe. audibly for males and in a low voice for females.

The Talbiyah for Hajj & Umrah .

nor pants.Forbidden Deeds during Ihram Men ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ rafath (physical or verbal intimacy with ones spouse). He should not kill game. nor a cap. nor direct to it. No shoes that cover the entire feet and no socks . fusuq (sins) and jidal (argument). nor point it out. nor a gown. nor a turban. He should not wear a shirt.

nor his body hair. nor [cut] his nails. unless it has been washed and does not exude fragrance. nor his face. saffron or safflower. He should not wear a garment died with wirs . He should not wash his hair or beard with shampoo He should not shave his head.Forbidden Deeds during Ihram ± Men ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Wearing sewn garments He should not cover his head. . He should not apply perfume. nor cut [anything from] his beard.

Forbidden Deeds during Ihram ± Women ‡ ‡ ‡ Using perfume Covering the face Wearing gloves .

and should cover their head . or a canopy Wearing glasses or a watch Tying a belt around his waist to carry money.Permissible Deeds during Ihram ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ performing ghusl entering a bath-house taking shade under a house. Women may wear sewn clothing. shoes.

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3. If you take a shower then remember not to use scented soap. Remember the location of your hotel. Proceed to Makkah. 4. etc. hotel. Take a rest if required and fix a time for Umrah. Arrange to put belongings at a safe place. 2. .ARRIVING AT JEDDAH 1. 5.

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TAWAF
1. Enter Masjid Al-Haram, preferably from Babus
Salaam with wudhu making intention of I¶tikaaf 2. Stop reciting Talbiyah and make intention for Tawaaf of Umrah whilst standing on the black line, facing Hajrul Aswad. 1 Recite: Bismillahi Wa Allahu akbar and raise the hands and let them fall, in the way Takbeer Tahrima is done in Salaah. This is done only at the beginning of the first round of a Tawaaf and not in every round. Thereafter, do Istilaam, by raising the hands with the palms facing the approximate height of Hajrul Aswad. Recite Bismillahi wa Allahu akbar and kiss your hands. (sunnah)

Hateem / Hajr Ismail

Tawaf 4. Before going for Sa¶y make (the ninth) Istilaam of the Hajrul Aswad. Perform Raml (sunnah) in the first 3 rounds and Idhtiba¶ (sunnah) in all seven rounds. 5. perform two rakaats Sunnah of Tawaaf preferably at Maqaam Ibraahim. do not push to pray there but pray elsewhere in Haram). 7. (sunnah) . (Due to overcrowding. After Tawaaf. Proceed with the Tawaaf and do Istilaam in every round.

Every Tawaf followed by sa¶y will be performed with Idhtiba¶ and Ramal .

The Black Stone & Maqam Ibrahim .

. Proceed to Safaa to begin sa¶y 2.Sa·y 1. Stand on the crop of the mount from where Ka¶bah is visible. make dua. (sunnah) 3. as is commonly done at these points. Do not do Istilaam.

Continue seven rounds in this manner.Sa·y 4. (mustahab) . Males should lightly jog between the green lights and not the women. 5. Proceed to Marwah ‡ Safaa to Marwah is one round and back to Marwah from Safaa is two rounds.

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Sa·y .

Halaq/Qasr 6. Males must shave or cut the hair within the boundaries of Haram. (fardh) ‡ Females must trim approximately one inch from the end of their hair plaits. (fardh) ‡ If cutting (qasr). (fardh) You have now completed Umrah and you are out of Ihraam. . at least one inch of all the hair must be cut.

pray two rakaats (Sunnah) and wear the sheets of Ihraam (fardh).8th Dhul Hijjah (Yawm AtTarwiyah) Before Fajr Salaah 1. Recite Talbiyah making intention of Hajj only (wajib) . Make ghusl (Sunnah). 2.

the guides start to locate everyone to their tents in Mina starting from late after Isha. Zuhr. Leave for Mina (sunnah) after sunrise. (If you arrive early in Mina).8th Dhul Hijjah (Yawm At-Tarwiyah) 4. Esha. Fajr. buses carry on arriving in Mina throughout the entire night). Maghrib. (But nowadays due to the vast number of pilgrims. Asar. . 6. 5.

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Camps at Mina .

Leave for Arafat after sunrise. 5. Stay overnight in Muzdalifah (Sunnah until Subh Sadiq). Leave for Muzdalifah after sunset without praying Maghrib. 8. Collect 70 pebbles at Muzdalifah and a few extra. In Arafat 3. 7. 2. In Muzdalifah 6. Pray Maghrib and Isha at Isha time. .9th of Dhul-Hijjah (Yawm Al-Arafah) In Mina Fajr. Cannot leave Arafah before sunset. Dhuhr and Asr will be prayed together 4. 1.

ARAFAH .

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Night in Muzdalifa .

Pray Fajr and leave for Mina a little before sunrise. It is permissible after zawal until Maghrib and also after Maghrib until subh sadiq in necessity 2. Shave or trim the hair (wajib) 5. Leave for Makkah . Sacrifice (Wajib). 3. In Mina 1. 4. Now you are free from the restrictions of Ihraam and can dress into normal sewn clothes and the head can be covered but sexual relations between the husband and wife are not permissible. Stop recital of Talbiyah after pelting the first pebble. Masnoon time is from sunrise till zawal.10th Dhul-Hijjah In Muzdalifa 1. 7. Ramy (Wajib) of the Big Jamarah.

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The New Jamaraat Site .

Muzdalifah .

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11. Now even sexual relations are permissible. Tawaaf of Ziyaarah (Fardh) with Raml (sunnah). Menstruating women should delay Tawaaf Ziyaarah until clean. Perform Sa¶y (wajib) as mentioned under Umrah 10. 10. Do Idhtiba (sunnah) as well if you are still wearing the clothes of ihram. Return to Mina.10th of Dhul-Hijjah In Makkah 8. . 9.

One may also spend the night in Makkah Similarly the night of 11th and 12th DhulHijjah may also be spent at Makkah . No other rite.10th of Dhul-Hijjah Back to Mina 12. Perform all Salahs on time. It is Sunnah to spend the night in Mina.

Mina at Night .

Mustahab to make Dua after pelting the small and middle Jamarat.sequence small to big. 3. Sunnah until Maghrib and ok until Subh Sadiq if necessity. All Salat on time . 4. Ramy (pelting) of all three Jamarat (wajib) after zawal .11th of Dhul-Hijjah in Mina 1. 2.

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You may leave for Makkah before sunset or else it is also ok to leave after sunset. Mustahab to make Dua after pelting the small and middle Jamarat. If one stays in Mina until Subh Sadiq then the ramy of the jamarat as mentioned above will be wajib on the 13th Dhul-Hijjah as well. 4. Ramy of all three Jamarat (wajib) after zawal sequence small to big. Sunnah until Maghrib and ok until Subh Sadiq in necessity. Perform Tawaaf Al-Widaa (Wajib) before departing Makkah. 2.12th of Dhul-Hijjah in Mina 1. HAJJ COMPLETED . 5. 3.

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Ihram for Umrah 2. Tawaaf for Umrah 3. Wuqoof at Arafat . Shaving or trimming of the hair for completion of Umra 5. Sa¶y for Umrah 4.Must Be Done« Fara·idh or Wajibat 1. To reenter Ihram for Hajj on the 8th of Dhul Hijjah 6.

Sa¶y for Hajj  13. Tawaaf Widaa . Shaving or trimming of the hair  11. Tawaaf Ziyaarah  12. Wuqoof at Muzdalifah  8. Sacrifice  10. Rami at Jamratul Aqabah  9.Must Be Done« Fara·idh or Wajibat  7. Ramyul Jimaar  14.

Bath for ihram 3. Perfume for ihram 5. . Recital of talbiyah adjacent to ihram 2. wajib wajib wajib sunna Sunna Cond. Intention for Tawaf 6. Start from Hajar Aswad Hanafi Maliki Shafi wajib wajib Ahmad sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna Cond.Sunan of Hajj Act 1. Cond.

Sunan of Hajj Act 7. Free from both hadath 10. Walking counter clockwise 8. cond wajib cond cond cond sunna Cond cond cond cond Cond Cond cond . Clean body. Walking for the abled 9. Around Hatim Hanafi Maliki wajib wajib wajib sunna wajib Shafi Ahmad Cond Cond. clothes & place 11.

Istilam 13. 2 Rakat tawaf 16. Ramal 14. Intention for sa¶y 17.Sunan of Hajj Act 12. Jog between green mile lights Hanafi Maliki sunna sunna sunna wajib wajib sunna wajib cond Shafi Ahmad sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna Sunna sunna Sunna cond Cond sunna sunna sunna . Idhtiba¶ 15.

Sequence between ramy.Sunan of Hajj Act 18. Dua at Safa & Marwa 19. Combine Maghrib & Isha at Muzdalifa 21. dhabh & halq 22. Spend night in Mina night of Arafa 20. Not to delay ramy till night Hanafi Maliki sunna sunna sunna sunna wajib sunna Shafi Ahmad sunna sunna sunna sunna sunna Sunna sunna Sunna sunna wajib Wajib/ sunna sunna sunna wajib .

Sunan of Hajj Act 23. Delay of ifadha till after ramy of aqaba 26. 12 24. Tawaf wida¶ 27. 11. Sequence between jamarat 25. To spend night at Mina 10. Khutbah for imam 7th. 9th & 11th Hanafi Maliki Shafi sunna wajib sunna wajib sunna wajib wajib pref wajib wajib Ahmad wajib Wajib sunna sunna wajib Wajib sunna sunna sunna sunna .

Fiqh of Umrah .

4. 2. 3.The 4 Pillars of Umrah 1. Ihram Tawaf Sa¶y Halaq/Qasr .

Umrah in Ramadan ‡ Ibn `Abbâs relates that Allah¶s Messenger (peace be upon him) asked a woman from Madinah: ³What prevented you from embarking on the Hajj pilgrimage with us?´ She replied: ³We had two camels.´ The Prophet (peace be upon him) then told her: ³When the month or Ramadan arrives. go for µumrah.´ [Sahîh al-Bukhârî] . because `umrah in Ramadan is like accompanying me on Hajj. My husband and child took one and left the other for the rest of us to ride on.

Visiting Madinah .

It is Recommended to Visit Madinah ‡ The Prophet¶s Mosque is one of the 3 most sacred places on earth: ± Kabah ± Prophet¶s Mosque in Madinah ± Masjid al-Aqsa .

preferably in the Rawdhah ± the Prophet (pbuh) has explained this to be the area between his house and pulpit ‡ Then he should approach the grave of the Prophet (pbuh) and give greetings to the Prophet (pbuh).Etiquette of Visiting Madinah ‡ A person should first go the Masjid and pray. Abu Bakr (ra). . and Umar (ra).

‡ When making Dua he should make sure to face the Qiblah . etc. kissing things.Etiquette of Visiting Madinah ‡ A person should be well dressed and perfumed ‡ He should not raise his voice and be loud ‡ He should not indulge in inappropriate acts such as wiping hands on the gate.

Debt ‡ If the indebted has time to repay the debt or it is a large amount. ‡ It is not permissible to take a loan to do Hajj/Umrah (Hadith) .Hajj/Umrah vs. then it is permissible for that person to go for Hajj/Umrah ‡ If a person has to choose between Hajj/Umrah and paying off a debt. then he should give preference to the debt.

however the substitute should have performed Hajj before ± For a deceased person: ‡ Some scholars say the deceased should have willed it ‡ Some scholars hold the opinion that the expenses must be from the wealth left by the deceased .Hajj/Umrah on Behalf of Someone Else ‡ It is permissible to do Hajj/Umrah on behalf of someone else in the following circumstances: ± For a living person physically unable.

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