This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Mind and Body
Can the body affect the mind? Example? How about the mind affecting the body? Example? Two-way communication between mind and body
Psyche (mind) Soma (body) Butterflies in the stomach Anxious before giving speech Indigestion, nausea Stress may contribute to getting an ulcer.
Reducing the effects of stress
is less harmful if Have some control (even if just belief). Predictable (³going to feel a little pinch´). Know the duration. Coping mechanism. Some way to relieve stress. Positive attitude. Active participant in process.
Relieve stress Meditation Listening to soothing music Taking a quiet walk Reduce stress Eliminate butterflies .
Thought.Affects on long-term health Attitude towards illness can affect healing. Link between mind and body is the immune system. . beliefs and emotions have major impact on physical health.
Like a police force Too weak and criminals (viruses etc.) run wild Ex: Opportunistic diseases seen with HIV-AIDS Too strong and it attacks law-abiding citizens: The body¶s own cells (Autoimmune disease) Ex. Rheumatoid arthritis .The Immune System Cells that protect the body against intruders such as viruses and bacteria.
Emotions are private experiences.What is Emotion? Internal conscious states that we infer in ourselves and others. . We infer observable behavior associated with emotion. We use operational definitions because we cannot actually see feelings.
Emotions are Multidimensional .
Four components of Emotion Feelings SocialExpressive Emotion Bodily Arousal Significant life event Sense of Purpose .
Anger or joy.Feeling component Emotions are subjective feelings Make us feel in a particular way. Rooted in mental processes (labeling). Vary in intensity and quality. . Meaning and personal significance.
Body prepared for action.Bodily Arousal Biological activation. Alert posture. Autonomic and hormonal systems. Prepare and activate adaptive coping behavior during emotion. clenched fists. .
Social and evolutionary advantage. Why people benefit from emotions. Motivation to take action. Cope with emotion-causing circumstances. .Purposive component Give emotion its goal-directed force.
vocalizations. Verbal and nonverbal communication. Helps us interpret the situation. gestures. Postures.Social-Expressive component Emotion¶s communicative aspect. How person reacts to event. . facial expressions make our emotions public.
Emotions read in the face The Japanese Female Facial Expression (JAFFE) Database .
Aspect of Emotional Intelligence Peter Salovey (Yale) John Mayer (U of NH) Four branch ability model of emotional intelligence Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test MSCEIT .
. Foundation for other branches. Express accurate emotions for situation.Identifying Emotions (Branch 1) Skills needed to perceive and express feelings. Non-verbal communication. Recognizing facial expressions. Tell when someone is being authentic.
Identifying Emotions (MSCEIT) .
Facilitating Emotions (Branch 2) Using emotions to facilitate thinking. ³Care enough to send the very best. Improve problem solving and boost creativity.´ Using emotion to help make decisions. . Emotional component to motivation.
Facilitation (MSCEIT) What mood(s) might be helpful to feel when meeting in-laws for the very first time? Not Useful Useful a) Tension 1 2 3 4 5 b) Surprise 1 2 3 4 5 c) Joy 1 2 3 4 5 .
Some emotional responses are maladaptive. Read a situation and respond correctly.Understanding emotions (Branch 3) Understanding complex and conflicting emotions. . Jealousy and envy are destructive. Emotions and behavioral consequences.
Understanding Emotions (MSCEIT) Tom felt anxious. and became a bit stressed when he thought about all the work he needed to do.) a) Overwhelmed b) Depressed c) Ashamed d) Self Conscious e) Jittery . he felt ____. When his supervisor brought him an additional project. (Select the best choice.
tobacco or other drugs. . Avoid over and under regulation.Managing emotions (Branch 4) Developing mood regulation skills. Seek natural means rather than alcohol. Use optimistic explanatory style. Productive ways to change mood. Stress coping strategies.
..2.Very Effective Action 2: She began thinking about where and when she would go on her next vacation...4..........Very Effective Action 3: She decided it was best to ignore the feeling since it wouldn't last anyway..... Very Ineffective....5.1..1...4.........1.... Debbie just came back from vacation.3. Very Ineffective.........5..2.Managing Emotions (Branch 4) 1..3. Very Ineffective. How well would each action preserve her mood? Action 1: She started to make a list of things at home that she needed to do....Very Effective .5. She was feeling peaceful and content...4.2.3......
Emotional States and Physical Health Salovey et at American Psychologist (1/2000) .
Healing through laughter Norman Cousins Anatomy of an Illness (1979) Life-threatening inflammatory disease Cartoons and Marx Brothers 10 mins of laughing gave him 2 hrs of pain-free sleep Laughter reduced inflammation Healing power of positive mood .
S-IgA = secretory immunoglobulin A First line of defense in the immune system . Cardiovascular and immune systems. Positive emotional states associated with healthier states.Emotional states and immunity Negative emotional states associated with unhealthy physical states.
Negative moods lower SIgA levels. Negative moods increase susceptibility to illness.S-IgA levels and emotion Increased occurrence of desirable events predicts higher S-IgA. . Positive moods boost the immune system. Undesirable events suppress immune system.
Manipulating Emotion Healthy college students watching videos. Humorous video enhanced immune function ( S-IgA) Sad video suppressed immune function ( S-IgA) Not clear how long these changes persist. . Contribute to illness.
Pennebaker: helping people process and confront traumatic life events improves health.Coping styles and illness People dealing with severe stressors more susceptible to illness. . release pent-up negative emotions. Negative emotional states reduce immune function. Talk about illness. Coping styles could aid healing.
. It hurts.Emotion and environment Positive emotional states signal a safe environment. Negative states signal an alert. Something is wrong and must be corrected. get help. Function of pain.
Role in seeking help Some believe that: Happy people less likely to recognize signs of distress and less likely to get help. Better to be pessimistic? . Unhappy people more vigilant and seek help.
Processing health information Other evidence that: Positive outlook may make it easier to process threatening information (diagnosis). Not seek help. . Negative outlook may cause a person not recognize new symptoms as threatening. Seek help.
Personal resources to seek solutions. Strength to confront illness. Positive .Optimistic outlook emotional states provide resilience. Belief that you will get well. Creativity in thought and action. Do what you can to support recovery. Focus on and plan for future outcomes.
5 years post surgery.Healthy heart surgery Men undergoing cardiac bypass surgery. (1989) . Diet and exercise programs Scheier et al. Optimistic men better able to focus on postoperative goals. optimists had healthier habits.
.Role of health care worker One who inspires hope in others. Freud: patient¶s expectations ³colored by hope and faith and an effective force in all our attempts at treatment and cure.´ Positive mood comes from a renewal of hope.
. Decreased levels of stress. Improved coping with illness. observe: Lower mortality More resistant to disease. Lower incidence of heart disease. Faster recovery from surgery.Social Support With social support.
. Only when needed.Affect on Health 1. Direct effect: Social support promotes well-being at all times. 2. Not just under stress. Both are possible. Buffering hypothesis: Social support buffers individual from stressful life event. depending on the nature of the stressor.
Develop and maintain social network.Role of Social Support Mediated by emotional experience. Less likely to feel lonely and depressed. . Know that help will be provided if needed. Positive outlook on life more likely to get social support.
. A topic for later discussion.Spirituality Also plays a role in wellness and recovery from illness.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.