Advancement in Automobiles: Power Steering System & DTSI Engines


Steering is the term applied to the collection of components, linkages, etc. which allow for a car or other vehicle to follow a course determined by its driver.

Components in Power Steering y Pump Steering gears y Rotary valve y y Linkages .

Air Breather Filter The breather or vent in the reservoir. . y A 10-micron or smaller filter is recommended.General Circuit Filters Oil Filter Preferably installed in the return line. A 3-micron filter is recommended.

Hardly noticeable. Steering response to left and right turns is slightly different. Power Cylinder Double-acting differential cylinder. . Driven by the engine.Components in Power Steering Power Steering Pump Usually a vane-type pump or similar.

Vane Type of Pump .


2. It is of four types type 1.HMPS Types The control valve and the actuator are mounted on the steering column. the actuator drives the pitman arm by rack and pinion or by crank arm means. Requires larger space envelope than other types. . Most sophisticated design Requires little or no steering linkage modification. y y y y y y HMPS-hydro mechanical power system is used.3 and 4 Out of these HMPS type 4 is the most sophosticated and advanced.

) .Steering Gear Box Steering gears are enclosed in a casing known as steering gear box ( as shown in Fig.

Recirculating-ball Steering The first part is a block of ` metal with a threaded hole in it. used in havy duty comurcial vehicles. These are . Works similar to a bolt that sticks into the hole in the block.

Power Rack-and-pinion It converts the rotational motion of the steering wheel into the linear motion needed to turn the wheels.  It provides a gear reduction. making it easier to turn the wheels .

The Future of Steering . .Drive by Wire y As the majority of today s hydraulic power steering systems are designed y One concept is the "steer-by-wire" or "drive-by-wire" system.

Advantages Preventing the wheels from transferring the load to the steering column  Reducing the driver¶s fatigue Low input torque and continuous steering function Oil output directly proportional to the steering speed .

. Fluid leakage.Disadvantages Design is compications and increased in cost.

.Concl sion The power stering is nesessory for the modern cars. Now a days we can see almost all cars having a power steering.

C. Engine .DIGITAL TWIN SPARK IGNITION (DTSI) A New Revolution of Twin Spark in I.

I T DUCTI y A conventional 4 Stroke engine has a Single Spark Plug located at one end y The combustion is inefficient leading to sub optimal mileage .

y A high degree of drivability. . y Long service life. y First rate standards of reliability.We Have To Achive Following Objective y Uniform power delivery in all operating conditions.

Digital Twin Spark Ignition Engine y Two Spark plugs located at opposite ends y The. ignition system on the Twin spark y This technology provides significant power boost .

DTSI Engine f ajaj lsar .

y Injection fuel feed. y Twin overhead cams with camshaft timing variation. y A high specific power .compact design and superior balance .Main Characterstics Of DTSI Engines y Digital electronic ignition.

Advantage Of DTSI Engine y Better starting of engine y It helps make Engine warmer. .

. y A sizeable reduction in specific fuel consumption.The Adoption Of Twin Spark Ignition Yields: y Increase in the amount of power available. y More effective combustion at low load and at idling speed.

Concl sion y Twin sparks at regular interval can help to complete the combustion .