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WELCOME

BY..,
KRUPA SAMUEL
ROLL NO: 46
SOCIAL SCIENCE
B.ED. COLLEGE THOTTACKADU
Movements of sea water
INTRODUCTION

You all know that the ocean water is never still. There
are different types of movements of ocean water under the
influence of different physical characteristics like temperature,
salinity, density, etc. Movements of ocean water are also affected by
external forces like the sun, moon and the winds.
MOVEMENTS OF SEA WATER

Ocean water is dynamic in nature.


Its movements can be grouped into two:

HORIZONTAL VERTICAL
MOVEMENTS MOVEMENT
• WAVES
• TIDES
• OCEANCURRETS
WAVES

The up and
down motion of
the water along
the surface of
the sea waves.
CHARACTERYSTICS OF WAVES

 Wave Crest
 Wave Through
 Wave Amplitude
 Wave Height
 Wave Length
 Wave Frequency
 Wave Speed
Characteristics of Waves
TIDES

Tides are the periodic rise


and fall of water levels in
the ocean. The rise in the level
of ocean water is the high tide
and the lowering of the water
level is known as the low tide.
CAUSES OF TIDE FORMATION

 GRAVIATIONAL PULL OF SON

 GRAVIATIONAL PULL OF MOON

 CENTRIFUGALFORCE
Spring tides and Neap tides

Spring tides: The sun, moon and earth come in a straight line on full moon and
new moon days. The tidal force will be intense due to the combined influence of sun
and moon. As a result tides formed on these days will be stronger. These are known as
spring tides.
NEAP TIDES

As the sun and the moon


attract the earth from an
angular distance of 90
degree the tides caused are
weaker. Such weak tides are
known as neap tides.
EFFECTS OF TIDES

 The debris dumped along the sea shores and ports are washed off to deep
sea.
 The formation of deltas is disrupted due to strong tides
 Brackish water can be collected in salt spans during high tides
 The fisher man make use of the tides for going and returning from the sea in
catamarans.
 Tidal energy can be used for power generation .
 Ships can be brought to shallow harbors during high tides.
OCEAN CURRENTS

Ocean currents are the continuous


flow of sea water from one direction to
another.
Ocean Currents
Warm currents Cold currents
It flow from the tropical or It flow in from the polar or the
subtropical regions towards the sub polar regions towards the
polar or sub polar regions. tropical or sub tropical regions
TYPES OF OCEAN CURRENTS

ON THE BASIS OF DEPTH ON THE BASIS OF TEMPERATURE

 SURFACE CURRENTS  COLD CURRENTS


 DEEP WATER CURRENTS  WARM CURRENTS
MAJOR OCEANS IN THE WORLD

PACIFIC ARTIC
OCEAN
OCEAN

ATLANTI INDIAN
C OCEAN OCEAN
OCEA CURRENTS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN

WARM CURRENTS COLD CURRENTS


 NORTH EQUITORIAL CURRENT  OYASIO CURRENT
 KUROSIO CURRENT  CALIFORNIA CURREN
 ALASAKA CURRENT  WEST WIND DRIFT
 WEST CURRENT  HUMBOLT CURRENT
 WEST AUSTRALIAN CURRENT
 SOUTH EQUITORIAL CURRENT
OCEAN CURRENTS IN THE ATLANTIC
OCEAN

WARM CURRETS
• NORTH ATLANTI CURRENT COLD CRRENTS
• SOUTH ATLANTIC • LABRADOR CURRENT
CURRENT • CANARIES CURRENT
• GULF STREAM • FAKLAND CURRENT
• BRAZILIAN STREAM • BENGUALA CURRENT
• WEST WIND DRAFT
OCEAN URRENTS IN THE INDIAN
OCEAN

WARM CURRENTS COLD CURRENTS

 EQUATORIAL  WEST WIND DRIFT


CREENTS  WEST AUSTRALIAN
CURRENT
 AGHULLAS
CURRENT
EFFECTS OF OCEAN CURRENTS

1. INFLUENCE ON CLIMATE
2. MIXING OF OCEAN CURRENTS REPLINISH THE OXYGEN
3. FAVOUR THE GROWTH OF PLANKTON
4. PROVIDE BEST FISHING GROUND
THANK YOU…