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GOLGI

APPARATUS

SUBTITLE

GOLGI APPARATUS

Identified in 1897 by the Italian physician Camillo Golgi

Found in most eukaryotic cells

It is located near the nucleus and the rough ER

It is composed of many membranous sacs and many

vesicles

It is responsible for transporting, modifying, and packaging proteins

and lipids

STRUCTURE

Composed of stacks of membrane bound structures

known as cisternae

Each cisterna comprises a flattened membrane disk, and

carries Golgi enzymes

The side of the Golgi apparatus sacs closest to the endoplasmic reticulum is called the cis face

The side of the Golgi apparatus sacs furthest from the endoplasmic reticulum is called the trans face

FUNCTIONS

Synthesize a large number of different macromolecules

Integral in modifying, sorting, and packaging macromolecules for

cell secretion

Modify chemicals to make them functional

Secretes chemicals in tiny vesicles

GOLGI APPARATUS

The proteins are bundled into tiny vesicles that bud from the ER and carry them to the Golgi apparatus.

GOLGI APPARATUS

The Golgi apparatus modifies, sorts, and packages proteins and other materials from the ER for storage in the cell or release outside the cell

GOLGI APPARATUS

From the Golgi apparatus, proteins are “shipped” to their final destination inside or outside the cell.