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Literature Project

By: Roba, Layal and Salma Maher 8C


Map
Location
 A country in the Caribbean that shares
the island of Hispaniola
Currency
 Dominicans use the Dominican Peso
Flag
Flag
 Red stands for blood of heroes
 Blue stands for liberty
 White stands for salvation
 It was designed by Juan Pablo Duarte
Capital City
 Santo Domingo
Places to Visit
 Eden Roc (Resort) at Cap Cana
Places to Visit
 Eastern National Park (Parque
Nacional del Este)
Places to Visit
 Punta Cana
Main Economy
 Exporting sugar, coffee and tobacco
 Tourism
 Agriculture
Food
 Tostones
 Habichuelas con Dulce
 Bizcocho Dominicano
Costumes
 They wear costumes which
represent their flag
Customs
 El Carnival de la Vega
 Marriage
 Baseball
 Kissing Hands (children kissing
hands of their elders to ask for a
blessing)
Holidays
 Juan Pablo Duarte Day
 Carnival
 Restoration Day
 Espirito Santo
Rafael Trujillo
Introduction
 He was born in October 24, 1891, San Cristobal,
Dominican Republic.

 He had 10 siblings, who were all raised in a small rural


town called.

 He received an informal education, often in other


villagers’ homes.

 When he was 16, he got a job as a telegraph operator.


How he became president
 In early 1930, after Dominican
President Horacio Vasquez faced
revolts and a provisional government
had been established.

 Trujillo named himself a candidate in


the new presidential elections.

 During Trujillo's campaign, he


organized a secret police force to
torture and murder supporters of the
opposing candidate.

 He then won by a landslide.


Presidency
 He was dictator of the Dominican
republic from 1930 until his
assassination in 1961.

 Three and a half weeks after his


presidency the
destructive Hurricane San
Zenon hit Santo Domingo, with
2000 people dead as a cause.

 Trujillo then placed the Dominican


Republic under martial law and
began to rebuild the city

 But he had to leave his mark so


he renamed the city Ciudad
Trujillo (Trujillo City) in his honor
and had streets, monuments, and
landmarks to honor him.
 On 16 August 1931, Trujillo made the Dominican Party the nation's
sole legal political party. Which meant that there won’t be any
opposing parties.

 Government employees were required by law to donate 10


percent of their salaries to the national treasury and there was
strong pressure on adult citizens to join the party.

 As people who were party members had membership cards


(nicknamed palmita), anyone without it would be arrested for
vagrancy.

 As expected, opponents of the party were “mysteriously” killed.

 In 1934, he was up for a re-election, but since there was no


opposition against him, he was the only candidate.
Policies
 Trujillo was known for his open-door policy, he accepted
Jewish refugees from Europe, Japanese migration and
even Spanish exiles.

 He was a racist, known for targeting black people from


neighboring countries and Afro-Dominican citizens.

 He did a some policies to protest the environment like;

 He banned the slash and burn method, set up an agency


to protect the park system and forests, and banned the
logging of pine trees.
Foreign Relations
 During World War II, he sided with the
Allies, and declared war on Germany,
Japan and Italy.

 He encouraged ties with U.S.A

 He had friendly relations with Spain,


Arentina and Nicaragua.

 Relationships with other Latin countries


were bumpy, especially Venezuela and
Costa Rica.
Hope you enjoyed