You are on page 1of 32

Understanding Toolface

Angus Jamieson
Azimuth v High Side
Azimuth v High Side
Azimuth v High Side
Azimuth v High Side
Azimuth v High Side
Azimuth v High Side
Directional Terms
 Build = Change in Inclination (degs)
 Build Rate = Build / 100ft
 Turn = Change in Azimuth (degs)
 Turn Rate = Turn / 100ft
 Dogleg = Curve Angle (degs)
 Dogleg Severity = Dogleg / 100ft
Effective Turn
 ET = Curve required to change Azimuth
 Easy at low inclinations
 Harder at higher inclinations

 ET = Turn x sin(Inclination)
High Side Toolface
Sets the plane of curvature
Mainly Build with some Right Turn
Mainly Right Turn with some Build
All Turn Right
Mainly Right Turn with some Drop
Mainly Drop with some Right Turn
All Drop
Mainly Drop with some Left Turn
Mainly Turn Left with some Drop
All Turn Left
Mainly Turn Left with some Build
Mainly Build with some Left Turn
All Build
Toolface and Dogleg
Toolface by Graphics
 Example
Current Attitude Inclination 25 Azimuth 100

Desired Attitude Inclination 35 Azimuth 124

i.e. Build 10 and Turn 24

Effective Turn = 24 sin (30) = 12


Build 10
Build 10
Add ET 12 to the Right
Add ET 12 to the right
Toolface is the Angle Subtended
Dogleg = Length of Slope
Drop with Left Turn
Getting the Toolface Right is
Crucial