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Prof. Dr. Jalius Jama, M.Ed OLEH
Dr. Muhammad Anwar, M.T SARI AZHARIYAH
Background Information

Learning theories allow teachers to better understand the process of le


Together with the use of technology, learn theories have made a sig
nificant impact in the classroom.

There are many learning paradigms, however, cognitivism and cons

tructivism will be the focus for this lesson
What is it?

Information Processing looks This theory focuses on how to st

at how information is retrieved ore and retrieve information.
and stored.

Learning is attained through rehe Retention strategies such as br

arsal and consistent use of the in eaking down information and co
formation. mparing the information to long
term storage are great techniqu
Cognitive View Of Learner

Student is active role

Students use sensory, short term m Students should thin deeply an

emory an long term memory to stor answer questions about the
e information learning in class. topic to further develop their
Cognitive View Of Learner

Students come up with mnemonic

devices to remember facts.

Use existing knowledge to connect Technology can be use to

new information to help students ret organize information into charts,
ain information. graphs, concepts, maps etc.
Cognitive View Of Learning
Cognitive learning believe learning occurs through internal processing of
Learning includes the recognization of experiences either by attaining
new insights or changing old ones.
Examples of application of cognitive learning

Classifying or chunking information

Linking concepts

Providing structure

Problem solving
Cognitive View Of Teacher

Teacher is to assist the learner application of the proper learning strategi

es and the learner is active in the learning process
Expository teaching

Teacher gives students the tools to organize information for easier codi
ng, storage, and retrieval
Meaningful learning method
Cognitive View Of Classroom

Teachers should understand an in

corporate different learning styles
in classroom

Each student has a differrent type of They use their dominant

intelligence intelligence, while also working
to improve their non dominant
What is it?

Constructivism views learning

as a process in which the lear
ner constructs knowledge bas
ed on their past experiences.

Learners may collaborate with

The teacher only acts as a facilita
others to organize their ideas
tor who encourages students to e
and learn from each other to
xplore within a given framework.
construct their own knowledge.
Constructivist View Of Learner

Student centered

Learner must construct their own undestanding of the world in which th

ey live
Learner is self directed, creative and innovative in nature

Develop sills by solving gained from experimentation an increase the c

onfidences in their learning
Constructivist View Of Teacher

Teacher role is to facilitate discussion

Teacher is only a guide

Avid jonassen identified 3 major role of teacher to support students: m

odelling, coaching, scaffolding.
Cognitive View Of Classroom
The learners are actively involve

The environment is democratic

The activities are interactive an student centered

Some activities encourage in constructivist classroom are


Research project

Field trips
Putting All Together
Learning Theory Learning Process Technology Support

Rehearsing Flashcards and

Cognitivism information and then memory games can
storing it for long term help retain information
use taught in a lesson

Constructing ones Group PowerPoint

Constructivism own knowledge projects allow students
through past to work together and
experiences and combine their
group collaboration knowledge to learn
Cognitivism has the perspective that students process information and le
ssons through their efforts to organize, store, and then find a connection
between new knowledge and existing knowledge.

Constructivism is a learning process that explains how knowledge is or

ganized in humans
Materi cognitivsm and constructivism