Green Building Code in India

Is a medley of codes, standards established by the State ‡ National Building Code, ‡ the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) ‡ ratings programmes such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design-India (LEED-India), ‡ the standards and guidelines put down for the Residential Sector by the Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), TERIGRIHA and other such certifications.

National Building Code
‡ Designed by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) ‡ National instrument providing guidelines for regulating the building construction activities across the country. ‡ Model Code for adoption by all agencies involved in building construction works be they Public Works Departments, other government construction departments, local bodies or private construction agencies.

National Building Code
The Code mainly contains ‡ administrative regulations, ‡ development control rules and general building requirements; ‡ fire safety requirements; ‡ stipulations regarding materials, structural design and construction (including safety); ‡ and building and plumbing services

ECBC
‡ ECBC: Energy Conservation Building Codes ‡ ECBC set minimum energy efficiency standards for design and construction ‡ ECBC encourage energy efficient design or retrofit of buildings so that ± It does not constrain the building function, comfort, health, or the productivity of the occupants ± Has appropriate regard for economic considerations (life cycle costs i.e. construction + energy costs are minimized)

ECBC Compliant Design Strategy for a Building
Heat/Moisture Losses
Minimize Conduction Losses Minimize Convection Losses & Moisture Penetration Walls Roof Window

Use insulation with low U-value Reduce air leakage & use vapor barrier

Use insulation with low U-value Reduce air leakage & use vapor barrier

Use material with low U-factor Use prefabricated windows and seal the joints between windows and walls. Use glazing with low Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC)

Minimize Radiation Losses

Use light colored coating with high reflectance

Use light colored coating with high reflectance

IGBC
It is a whole-building approach to sustainability by recognizing performance in five key areas: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Sustainable Sites Water efficiency Indoor Environmental Quality Energy & Atmosphere Material & Resources

Rating Programmes to Suit Different Building Types
One single rating cannot be applied to suit all building types Programmes launched  IGBC Green Homes  IGBC Green Factory Buildings  LEED India NC  LEED India CS 
   

Other Programmes on the anvil IGBC Green SEZs IGBC Green Schools IGBC Existing Buildings IGBC Green Cities IGBC Landscape

IGBC Green Homes Rating System
‡ Is the first rating programme developed in India, exclusively for the residential sector ‡ Based on accepted energy and environmental principles and strikes a balance between known established practices and emerging concepts

IGBC Green Homes Rating System
IGBC Green Homes Rating System is a measurement system designed for rating new residential buildings which include construction categories such as

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Individual homes High rise residential apartments, Gated communities Row houses Existing residential buildings which retrofit and redesigned in accordance with the IGBC Green Homes criteria.

IGBC Green Homes Certification Levels
Projects with Interiors Projects without Interiors

Certification Level Certified Silver Gold Platinum

Points 32 - 39 40 - 47 48 - 59 60 - 80

Certification Level Certified Silver Gold Platinum

Points 30 - 36 37 - 44 45 - 55 56 - 75

LEED India.
LEED-INDIA promotes a whole-building approach to sustainability by recognizing performance in the following five key areas: 
   

Sustainable site development Water savings Energy efficiency Materials selection Indoor environmental quality

LEED-INDIA rating system provides a roadmap for measuring and documenting success for every building type and phase of a Building lifecycle.

GRIHA
‡ GRIHA is an acronym for Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment. ‡ It was conceived by TERI and developed jointly with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy to the Indian Government. ‡ It is a green building design evaluation system and is suitable for all kinds of buildings in different climatic zones of the country.

GRIHA
GRIHA rating system consists of 34 criteria categorized under various sections such as ‡ Site Selection and Site Planning ‡ Conservation and efficient utilization of resources, ‡ Building operation and maintenance, ‡ and Innovation points.

GRIHA
‡ Eight of these 34 criteria are mandatory ‡ Each criterion has a number of points assigned to it. It means that a project intending to meet the criterion would qualify for the points. ‡ Different levels of certification (one star to five stars) are awarded based on the number of points earned. The minimum points required for certification is 50.

GRIHA
Twenty-eight projects have been registered so far including the following: ‡ Earth System and Environment Science Engineering Building, IIT Kanpur ‡ Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi ‡ Delhi Common Wealth GamesVillage, Near Akshardham Temple, New Delhi ‡ Hindustan Lever Limited, Andheri(E), Mumbai

LEED: An internationally recognised standard for green building
The main countries which use LEED as the main assessment tool to check energy efficiency of buidings: United States, Brazil, Canada, Mexico LEED was created to accomplish the following: Define "green building" by establishing a common standard of measurement Promote integrated, whole-building design practices Recognize environmental leadership in the building industry Stimulate green competition Raise consumer awareness of green building benefits Transform the building market

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Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design(LEED)
‡ Developed by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) ‡ Internationally recognized green building certification system ‡ Intended to provide building owners and operators a concise framework for identifying and implementing practical and measurable green building: -design -construction -operations -maintenance solutions ‡ The hallmark of LEED is that it is an open and transparent process where the technical criteria proposed by USGBC members are publicly reviewed for approval by the almost 20,000 member organizations that currently constitute the USGBC

‡ Provides third-party verification that a building or community was designed and built using strategies intended to improve performance in following metrics: - Energy savings - Water efficiency - CO2 emissions reduction - Improved indoor environmental quality - Stewardship of resources and sensitivity to their impacts ‡ LEED has grown from one standard for new construction to a comprehensive system of six standards covering all aspects of the development and construction process ‡ LEED also has grown from six volunteers on one committee to more than 200 volunteers

LEED rating system
LEED rating system addresses following 8 major areas: ‡ Location and Planning ‡ Sustainable Sites ‡ Water Efficiency ‡ Energy and Atmosphere ‡ Materials and Resources ‡ Indoor Environmental Quality ‡ Innovation and Design Process ‡ Regional Priority

LEED Accredited Professional Program
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ LEED consists of a suite of nine rating systems for the design, construction and operation of buildings, homes and neighborhoods: Green Building Design & Construction LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations LEED for Core & Shell Development LEED for Schools LEED for Retail New Construction (planned 2010) Green Interior Design & Construction LEED for Commercial Interiors LEED for Retail Interiors (planned 2010) Green Building Operations & Maintenance LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance Green Neighborhood Development LEED for Neighborhood Development Green Home Design and Construction LEED for Homes

Cost savings
The most criticized issue about constructing environmentally friendly buildings is the price, modern technologies tend to cost more money. Here there is a stigma attached, the fact is: ‡ Green buildings cost a premium of <2% but yield 10 times as much over the entire life of the building ‡ Stigma between the knowledge of up-front cost v/s life cycle cost ‡ Savings come from more efficient use of utilities which result in decreased energy bills ‡ Higher worker or student productivity can also be factored into savings and cost deductions ‡ It is projected that different sectors could save $130 Billion on energy bills

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