by Vargheese Hedonic.

R and Phani Ankam

Internal Guide: MS.Brinda.

a potentiometer provided can be adjusted to set the value for a particular channel. The parameter values are displayed using a seven segment display. After changing the switch to set mode. Here signal conditioning circuit plays an important role to convert the parameter and send the data to the controller. The set values can be given by using a mode selection switch (set/Actual). .` ` ` ` ` In this project we can able to monitor the Electrical parameters regarding heavy machinery and machines.

these parameters are being measured separately using micro-controllers and digital displays. . In our project effort is made to measure all the parameters using a single micro-controller and it is being displayed digitally.` ` ` In the present industrial world. It is also being controlled using relays if the value crosses the set point.

Control Relay Current Coil Peak Value Detector Transforme PORT D 16 X 2 LCD Display Batt. Load PIC Microcontroller Port C 4X4 Matrix Keypad . Input Current sensor Batt.Multiparameter Measurement System using Microcontroller Temperature sensor Step Down Transforme r Peak Value Detector Transforme Alarm A/D Convert er PORT B AC Control Relay Batt.


the output voltage of the op-amp forward biases the diode and charges up the capacitor. . Consequently. the capacitor voltage will always be equal to the greatest positive voltage applied to the non-inverting input. the time that the peak detector "remembers" this peak value is typically several minutes and depends on the impedance of the load that is connected to the circuit.The peak detector is a circuit that "remembers" the peak value of a signal When a positive voltage is fed to the noninverting input after the capacitor has been momentarily shorted (reset). Once charged.

whose output voltage is linearly proportional to the Celsius (Centigrade) temperature. as the user is not required to subtract a large constant voltage from its output to obtain convenient Centigrade scaling. . The LM35 series is available packaged in hermetic TO-46 transistor packages. The LM35 thus has an advantage over linear temperature sensors calibrated in ° Kelvin. while the LM35C. LM35CA.` ` ` ` The LM35 series are precision integrated-circuit temperature sensors. and LM35D are also available in the plastic TO-92 transistor package. The LM35D is also available in an 8-lead surface mount small outline package and a plastic TO-220 package.

0.08°C in still air Nonlinearity only ±1»4°C typical .` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` Calibrated directly in ° Celsius (Centigrade) Linear + 10.0 mV/°C scale factor 0.5°C accuracy guaranteeable (at +25°C) Rated for full í55° to +150°C range Suitable for remote applications Low cost due to wafer-level trimming Operates from 4 to 30 volts Less than 60 A current drain Low self-heating.

50 Hz AC Power Supply Unit All the electronic components starting from diode to Intel IC¶s only work with a DC supply ranging from ³-5V³ and ³+5V´ to ³-12V´ and ³+12V´. The input of the Transformer is 230V. Filter. . filtering and regulating the voltage The power supply contains step down Transformer (7.C.5)V . The output from the rectifier is pulsating DC. then it is given to the Bridge Rectifier.5V A. Rectifier. We are utilizing for the same.5-0-7. the cheapest and commonly available energy source of 230v / 50Hz AC and stepping down.50Hz AC.Step Down Transformer Bridge Rectifier Filter Positive Voltage Regulator +5v 230V. Regulator. It step down and produced 7. rectifying. These pulsations are due to the presence of AC Component so that steady DC Voltage is obtained.


STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER When AC is applied to the primary winding of the power transformer it can either be stepped down or up depending on the value of DC needed.C Component allows only The D. It is used to remove the unwanted A.C into a pulsating D.C component to reach the load.C the diode has the property of electron flow easily in one direction at proper biasing condition hence diode has been preferred for rectifying unit. Apart from stepping down AC voltages. FILTER Filter is a circuit that converts a pulsating output from a rectifier into a very steady D. it gives isolation between the power source and power supply circuitries. In our circuit the transformer of 230v/0-12V is used to perform the step down operation where a 230V AC appears as 15V AC across the secondary winding.C Components. The output of a various rectifier circuits is pulsating has D.C Component along with few A. One alteration of input causes the top of the transformer to be positive and the bottom negative.C level. . RECTIFIER Rectifier is used to convert A.

McGrawHill/TAB Electronics DESIGNING EMBEDDED SYSTEMS WITH PIC MICROCONTROLLERS by Tim Wilmshurst.TAB Professional and Reference Books. S. University of Derby.` ` ` ` ` PROGRAMMING AND CUSTOMIZING THE PIC MICROCONTROLLER by Myke Predko. Morley . 1988 CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits By Sung-Mo Kang. Yusuf Leblebici .McGraw-Hill Professional . UK PIC Microcontroller Project Book By John Iovine The Digital IC Handbook By M.

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