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DIGESTIVE ENZYMES

Made by: Janice Faith A. De Belen


What is Digestive Enzymes?

• Digestive enzymes are a group of enzymes that break


down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller
building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the
body.
• They are found in the digestive tracts of animals
(including humans) and in the traps of carnivorous plants,
where they aid in the digestion of food, as well as inside
cells, especially in their lysosomes, where they function to
maintain cellular survival.
KINDS OF ENZYMES
• amylase – breaks down carbohydrates, starches, and sugars which are
prevalent in potatoes, fruits, vegetables, and many snack foods
• lactase – breaks down lactose (milk sugars)
• diastase – digests vegetable starch
• sucrase – digests complex sugars and starches
• maltase – digests disaccharides to monosaccharides (malt
sugars)
• invertase – breaks down sucrose (table sugar)
• glucoamylase – breaks down starch to glucose
• alpha-glactosidase – facilitates digestion of beans, legumes,
seeds, roots, soy products, and underground stems
KINDS OF ENZYMES
• protease – breaks down proteins found in meats, nuts, eggs, and
cheese
• pepsin – breaks down proteins into peptides
• peptidase – breaks down small peptide proteins to amino acids
• trypsin – derived from animal pancreas, breaks down proteins
• alpha – chymotrypsin, an animal-derived enzyme, breaks down
proteins
• bromelain – derived from pineapple, breaks down a broad
spectrum of proteins, has anti-inflammatory properties, effective
over very wide pH range
• papain – derived from raw papaya, broad range of substrates and
pH, works well breaking down small and large proteins
KINDS OF ENZYMES
• lipase – breaks down fats found in most dairy products, nuts, oils, and meat
• cellulase – breaks down cellulose, plant fiber; not found in humans
• other stuff
• betaine HCL – increases the hydrochloric acid content of the upper digestive system; activates the protein digesting enzyme
pepsin in the stomach (does not influence plant- or fungal-derived enzymes)
• CereCalase™ – a unique cellulase complex from National Enzyme Company that maximizes fiber and cereal digestion and
absorption of essential minerals; an exclusive blend of synergistic phytase, hemicellulase, and beta-glucanase
• endoprotease – cleaves peptide bonds from the interior of peptide chains
• exoprotease – cleaves off amino acids from the ends of peptide chains
• extract of ox bile – an animal-derived enzyme, stimulates the intestine to move
• fructooligosaccharides (FOS) – helps support the growth of friendly intestinal microbes, also inhibits the growth of harmful
species
• L-glutamic acid – activates the protein digesting enzyme pepsin in the stomach
• lysozyme – an animal-derived enzyme, and a component of every lung cell; lysozyme is very important in the control of
infections, attacks invading bacterial and viruses
• papayotin – from papaya
• pancreatin – an animal-derived enzyme, breaks down protein and fats
• pancrelipase – an animal-derived enzyme, breaks down protein, fats, and carbohydrates
• pectinase – breaks down the pectin in fruit
• phytase – digests phytic acid, allows minerals such as calcium, zinc,
• copper, manganese, etc. to be more available by the body, but does not break down any food proteins
• xylanase – breaks down xylan sugars, works well with grains such as corn
12 FOODS THAT CONTAIN NATURAL DIGESTIVE ENZYMES

Pineapple
- it contain a group of digestive enzymes called bromelain,
which helps break down proteins into amino acids.
Bromelain is also available as a supplement.
Papaya
- it contain the digestive enzyme papain, which breaks
down proteins into building blocks, including amino acids.
Make sure to eat papayas ripe and uncooked, as high heat
can destroy their digestive enzymes.
12 FOODS THAT CONTAIN NATURAL DIGESTIVE ENZYMES

Mangoes
- it contain the digestive enzyme amylase, which breaks
down carbs f starch (a complex carb) into sugars like
glucose and maltose. Amylase also helps mangoes ripen.
Honey
- it contains a variety of digestive enzymes, including
diastase, amylase, invertase and protease. Just make sure
to purchase raw honey, as it is not exposed to high heat.
Processed honey may be heated, which destroys digestive
enzymes.
12 FOODS THAT CONTAIN NATURAL DIGESTIVE ENZYMES

Bananas
- it contain amylases and glucosidases, two enzymes that
digest complex starches into easily absorbed sugars. They
are more active as bananas start to ripen, which is why
yellow bananas are much sweeter than green bananas.
Avocados
- it contain the digestive enzyme lipase, which breaks down
fat molecules into smaller fatty acids and glycerol. Although
lipase is made by the body, consuming avocados or taking
a lipase supplement may ease digestion after a high-fat
meal.
12 FOODS THAT CONTAIN NATURAL DIGESTIVE ENZYMES

Kefir
- it is a fermented milk beverage that contains many
digestive enzymes, including lipases, proteases and
lactases. These enzymes break down fat, protein and
lactose molecules respectively.
Sauerkraut
- it is a type of fermented cabbage that is rich in many
digestive enzymes. The probiotic properties of sauerkraut
may help ease digestive symptoms.
12 FOODS THAT CONTAIN NATURAL DIGESTIVE ENZYMES

Kimchi
- like sauerkraut, kimchi is another dish made from
fermented vegetables. It's fermented with bacteria of the
Bacillus species, which tend to add enzymes, such as
proteases, lipases and amylases.
Miso
- it is a popular seasoning in Japanese cuisine that's made
by fermenting soybeans. It's fermented with the fungi koji,
which adds digestive enzymes, such as lactases, lipases,
proteases and amylases.
12 FOODS THAT CONTAIN NATURAL DIGESTIVE ENZYMES

Kiwifruit
- it contains the digestive enzyme actinidain, which helps
digest proteins. Moreover , consuming kiwifruit may ease
digestive symptoms like bloating and constipation.
Ginger
- it contains the digestive enzyme zingibain, which is a
protease. It may aid digestion by helping food move faster
through the digestive tract and boosting the body's own
production of digestive enzymes.
Digestive enzymes can help us in many ways, especially in
digestion......

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