You are on page 1of 19

Modeling in

Oil & Gas


Pendahuluan Modeling menentukan
keputusan didalam semua
proses Oil & Gas

Development

Pre Post
Development Development

Modeling
Ultimate Goals
Menghitung cadangan &
memanage produksinya
secara optimal

Hasil

Data

modeling
Why Modeling?

Aplikasi:
MBAL, Material
Matbal, Balance
OFM dll

Analogy
-
Aplikasi: Decline
RTA, Curve
OFM, dll
Analysis Metode perhitungan cadangan
beragam, namun Modeling
yg mengakuisisi data secara
Robust data detil
Modeling & many
applications
Garis Besar Klasifikasi

Modeling
Subsurface Surface

Konstruksi &
Geofisika Geologi Petrofisik Reservoir Produksi Produksi Proses
transportasi
Subsurface Model
(Dari bawah permukaan sampai sumuran)

Proses – Data – Aplikasi - Hasil


Detail Proses

Geologi
Geofisika Well data preparation,
Well to Seismic Ties,
Marker Identification,
Data Management, High Sequence Stratigraphic
Marker Interpretation,
Frequency Restoration of Sequence Stratigraphic Reservoir
Seismic Data, Seismic Correlation, Petroleum Produksi
System Analysis, PVT Analysis,
Stratigraphy & Structure
Structural Modeling and Pressure Transient Well data
Interpretation, Spectral Model Validation, Fault Analysis/ Well testing, management,
Decomposition, Pseudo S Seal Analysis, Up calling Routine Core Analysis Potential & problem
Wave Construction, and Data Analysis, Facies and Rock typing, SCAL identification,
Sensitivity Analysis, Well- Modeling, Petro physical Analysis, Reservoir
Modeling, Volumetric modeling & Completion design,
Seismic Ties, Calibrate Calculation Initialization, History Artificial design,
Seismic to Well, Time Matching,
Stimulation design,
Depth Conversion (3D Reservoir optimization etc
Model in Depth), Angle scenario
Stack Cube, Post Stack AI Petrofisik
inversion, AVO Inversion, Data Management,
LMR/Elastic Impedance Environmental correction,
Inversion, Multi attribute Petro physics Calculation
Analysis and Analysis
Alur Geofisika

Diperoleh Peta Kedalaman Model geologi


dan intepretasi geologi (patahan, cekungan dll) dari
respon seismik

Seismic
High Frequency Time Depth
Stratigraphy & Spectral Pseudo S Wave Sensitivity Calibrate Seismic
Data Management Restoration of Well-Seismic Ties Conversion (3D
Structure Decomposition Construction Analysis to Well
Seismic Data Model in Depth)
Interpretation

Hampson Russel, OpendTect , Rock Doc


Petrel Geofisik
Alur Geofisika Cont’d

Diperoleh Atribut seismik untuk membantu penyebaran


properti (isi model geologi)

LMR/Elastic
Post Stack AI Multi attribute
Angle Stack Cube AVO Inversion Impedance
inversion Analysis
Inversion

Hampson Russel, OpendTect , Rock Doc


Petrel Geofisik
Alur Geologi

Diperoleh intepretasi hubungan antar


lapisan-lapisan batuan dalam model geologi

Sequence
Sequence
Well to Seismic Marker Stratigraphic
Well data preparation Stratigraphic
Ties Identification Marker
Correlation
Interpretation

Geoframe, Petrel Geology, Roxar RMS, Stratworks


Alur Geologi & Petrofisik
Diperoleh Model geologi

Petromod Geoframe, Petrel Geology, Roxar RMS, Stratworks

Structural
Petroleum System Modeling and Fault Seal Up calling and Facies Petro physical Volumetric
Analysis Model Analysis Data Analysis Modeling Modeling Calculation
Validation

Petro physics
Environmental
Data Management correction
Calculation and
Analysis

Interactive Petrophysics, Geolog, Techlog


Diperoleh perhitungan petrofisik untuk menyebarkan properti
batuan (porositas, saturasi, facies dll)
Alur Reservoir

Diperoleh
Diperoleh prediksi/ skenario juga besar cadangan dari simulasi model geologi
model Fluida

Pressure Reservoir
Routine Core modeling Reservoir
Transient
PVT Analysis Analysis and SCAL Analysis Initialization & optimization
Analysis/ Well
Rock typing History Matching scenario
testing

PVTi, PVTp PTA, Saphire Petrel RE, Eclipse, CMG, Reveal


Alur Produksi

Diperoleh analisa desain produksi sumur2


untuk memaksimalkan perolehan cadangan

Potential & problem Stimulation design,


Well data management Completion design Artificial design etc
identification

OFM Prosper, Pipesim, Pipephase


Surface Model
(Dari kepala sumur sampai sale point)

Proses – Data – Aplikasi - Hasil


Detail Proses

Produksi
Proses
Data Management, Konstruksi Transportasi
Flow assurance Data Management,
(pressure, Surface facilities
temperature and Well & artificial lift
scheme, process flow Transportation design
velocity profiles), tools assessment,
diagram, surface assessments,
Piping design, piping and surface
equipment's/ transportation to
artificial lift design & equipment's
facilities design sales point selection,
requirement analysis assessment, structural
(Gathering stations), distribution process,
(assessment of platform assessment,
Processing facility etc.
current and future etc.
design at sales point,
production scenario etc.
based on subsurface
potentials, etc)
Alur Produksi

Diperoleh desain hidrolik aliran


dalam pipa2 yang dilalui minyak / gas

Flow assurance
artificial lift design
(pressure,
Data Management & requirement Piping Design
temperature and
analysis
velocity profiles)

GAP, Prosper, Pipesim, OLGA

*Assessment/selection of current and future production


scenario based on subsurface potentials (simulation
Results)
Alur Proses

Diperoleh desain fasilitas permukaan untuk memproses minyak atau gas

surface
equipment's/ Processing facility
Surface facilities process flow design at sales
Data management facilities design
scheme diagram point
(Gathering
stations)

Hysis, PIMS
Alur Konstruksi

Diperoleh desain kontruksi bangunan dan peralatan


yang mendukung proses produksi miyak atau gas

piping and surface


Well & artificial lift tools structural platform
equipment's
assessment assessment, etc.
assessment

*based on Production and Process results


Alur Transportasi

Diperoleh perhitungan/ deasin yang mendukung distribusi minyak dan gas ke


konsumen/ sale point

transportation to
Transportation design distribution
sales point
assessments process, etc
assessment

GAP, Prosper, Pipesim, OLGA


* if transportation using pipeline